Relations with Sweden
NATO and Sweden share common values, conduct an open and regular political dialogue and engage in a wide range of practical cooperation. NATO and Sweden actively cooperate in peace-support operations, exercise together and exchange analysis and information. An important priority is to ensure interoperable capabilities, maintaining the ability of the Swedish Armed Forces to work with those of NATO and other partner countries in multinational peace-support operations.
- NATO fully respects Sweden's longstanding policy of military non-alignment.
- Cooperation began when Sweden joined the Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme in 1994 and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (a multilateral forum for dialogue which brings together all Allies and partner countries in the Euro-Atlantic area) in 1997.
- NATO and Sweden detail areas of cooperation and timelines in Sweden's Individual Partnership Cooperation Programme (IPCP), which is jointly agreed for a two-year period.
- Sweden is one of NATO's most active partners and has been a valued contributor to the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, the Kosovo Force (KFOR) in Kosovo, and NATO Mission Iraq (NMI).
- Sweden is one of six countries (known as 'Enhanced Opportunity Partners'1 under the Partnership Interoperability Initiative) that make particularly significant contributions to NATO operations and other Alliance objectives. As such, the country has enhanced opportunities for dialogue and cooperation with the Allies.
- In light of Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine which began in February 2022, NATO is further strengthening cooperation with partner countries Sweden and Finland, with a particular focus on ensuring security in the Baltic Sea region. This includes: regular political dialogue and consultations; exchanges of information on hybrid warfare; coordinating training and exercises; and developing better joint situational awareness to address common threats and develop joint actions, if needed.
- On 18 May 2022, Sweden (together with Finland) submitted its official letter of application to become a NATO Ally.
Key areas of cooperation
Sweden's cooperation with NATO is mutually beneficial and includes:
Building capabilities and interoperability
- Sweden participates in the PfP Planning and Review Process (PARP), which helps the country develop its military capabilities and enhance the interoperability of the Swedish Armed Forces with Allies and other partners.
- Sweden participates in NATO's Operational Capabilities Concept (OCC), which uses an evaluation and feedback programme to develop and train partner land, maritime, air or Special Operations Forces units that seek to meet NATO standards.
- Sweden participates in numerous PfP exercises and has also participated in NATO Cyber Coalition exercises.
- Sweden is cooperating with several other countries to develop a multinational rapid-reaction force for peace-support operations led by the European Union (EU).
- Since 2014, under the Partnership Interoperability Initiative, Sweden has participated in the Interoperability Platform, which brings Allies together with selected partners that are active contributors to NATO's operations.
- Sweden participates in two strategic airlift initiatives: the Strategic Airlift Capability (SAC) programme and the Strategic Airlift International Solution (SALIS).
- Sweden's role in training the forces of other NATO partner countries is greatly valued by the Allies. The Swedish Armed Forces International Centre (SWEDINT) provides exercises and training with a focus on humanitarian assistance, rescue services, peace-support operations, civil preparedness and the democratic control of the armed forces. The Nordic Centre for Gender in Military Operations is also located at SWEDINT.
- Sweden has close ties with other Nordic countries and participates in Nordic Defence Cooperation (NORDEFCO), a regional defence initiative that promotes collaboration between Nordic armed forces.
Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg meets with Prime Minister of Sweden Stefan Lofven (October 2021)
Support for NATO-led operations and missions
- Sweden first contributed to a NATO-led operation in 1995 when it sent a battalion to the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- Sweden has supported the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Kosovo (KFOR) since 1999.
- Swedish personnel worked alongside Allied forces as part of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan from 2003 to the completion of ISAF's mission in 2014. Sweden also supported the follow-on Resolute Support Mission (RSM) to further train, assist and advise the Afghan security forces and institutions until its completion in September 2021. Sweden contributed over USD 13 million to the Afghan National Army Trust Fund.
- In April 2011, Sweden contributed to Operation Unified Protector (OUP), NATO's military operation in Libya under UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973.
- Sweden also participates in NATO Mission Iraq (NMI), NATO’s advisory and capacity-building mission in Iraq.
- Sweden participates in the enhanced NATO Response Force (NRF) in a supplementary role and subject to national decisions. Additionally, Sweden has signed a memorandum of understanding on Host Nation Support which, subject to a national decision, allows for logistical support to Allied forces located on, or in transit through, its territory during exercises or in a crisis.
- Sweden engages with NATO's Civil Emergency Planning Committee and cooperates with Allies on regional assessments, critical infrastructure protection, and providing support in dealing with the consequences of a major accident or disaster in the Euro-Atlantic area.
- Sweden has participated in numerous NATO crisis management exercises, and Swedish civil resources have been listed with the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC), including search-and-rescue teams, medical experts, and protection and decontamination units. Sweden regularly conducts major multifunctional civil-military police exercises (the Viking exercises), which involve many other countries as well as participants from international organisations, non-governmental organisations and agencies.
- Under NATO's Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme, Swedish scientists are actively contributing to a number of activities pertaining to counter-terrorism, chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) defence and environmental security. Notably, experts from Sweden are involved in a top-down project with the primary objective of building long-term capacity for the evaluation of programmes to counter violent extremism.
- Sweden actively supports the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), and since 2012 has hosted the Nordic Centre for Gender in Military Operations at the Swedish Armed Forces International Centre, to make sure that gender perspectives continue to be integrated into military operations.
- Sweden supports a number of NATO Trust Fund projects in other partner countries, focused on areas such as training and evaluation of military units; medical rehabilitation of injured military personnel; explosive ordnance disposal and countering improvised explosive devices; and professional development of security sector employees.