NATO Administrative Tribunal
The Administrative Tribunal (AT) is an independent body. It is competent to decide any individual dispute brought by a staff member or a member of the retired North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) staff or his or her legal successor, who is affected by a decision, which is allegedly not in compliance with the Civilian Personnel Regulations or the terms of his appointment with the Organization.
- NATO’s dispute resolution system has its legal basis within the Agreement on the Status of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, National Representatives and International Staff, done at Ottawa on 20 September 1951, in particular its Article XXIV, and ratified by all member states.
- The NATO Appeals Board, the predecessor of the AT, was created in 1965 and remained operational under the same legal framework for over 40 years.
- In 2011 the North Atlantic Council (NAC) decided to conduct a thorough review of its dispute resolution system in view of its modernisation.
- On 23 January 2013, the NAC approved amendments to its Civilian Personnel Regulations and established, inter alia, with effect from 1 July 2013, the Administrative Tribunal (AT) of NATO.
- The AT is composed of five members of different NATO nationalities who are appointed by the NAC.
- The AT generally conducts oral hearings and renders binding judgments.
- The AT is served by a Registrar office whose personnel are in the discharge of his/her duties responsible only to the Tribunal.
More background information
The Tribunal is composed of five members, who shall be of the nationality of one of the NATO member states, but not members of the staff, retired staff members or of the national delegations to the NAC.
The members, of different nationality, are appointed by the NAC “on the basis of merit, be a competent citizen of good character, integrity, reason, intelligence, and judgment and possess the qualifications required for appointment to high judicial office or be a jurisconsult of recognised competence in a field or fields relevant to the work of the Tribunal”. The appointment is for a five years term, renewable once ¹.
On 22 April 2013 the NAC appointed the following five individuals as President and Members of the AT*:
- Mr Chris de Cooker (Netherlands), President of the NATO Administrative Tribunal
- Mr Laurent Touvet (France), Vice-President and Member of the NATO Administrative Tribunal
- Ms Maria-Lourdes Arastey Sahún (Spain), Member of the NATO Administrative Tribunal
- Mr John R. Crook (United States), Member of the NATO Administrative Tribunal
- Mr Christos A. Vassilopoulos (Greece), Member of the NATO Administrative Tribunal
*All five members have been renewed for a further term. The Members of the Tribunal are completely independent in the exercise of their duties.
1. Two of these members (chosen by drawing lots) are appointed for three years.
The next session of the Tribunal will be held at NATO Headquarters on [TBC].
Staff members, or retired NATO staff, or members of a Delegation of a NATO member state holding the appropriate security clearance, and who are interested in attending a hearing, should consult the “Guidelines for attendance to the NATO Administrative Tribunal’s hearings” under “Practical information” or send an e-mail to: email@example.com for further information and assistance.
For practical information on how to file a submission or attend a NATO AT hearing, please refer to the documents below:
- Practice Directions for the parties to judicial proceedings before the NATO Administrative Tribunal (Adopted on 23 February 2015), 184.67 KB
- AT(TRI)(2014)0003: Guidelines for attendance to the NATO Administrative Tribunal's hearings, 244.20 KB
To file a submission electronically please refer to the link below
The NATO AT Registrar can be contacted at:
NATO Administrative Tribunal
Blvd Leopold III
Tel: + 32 (0)2 707 3831
Past judgments can be consulted below:
- Judgments of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2013, 1698.03 KB
- Judgments of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2014, 5.4 MB
- Judgments of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2015, 5432 KB
- Judgments and Orders of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2016, 7.16 MB
- Judgments and Orders of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2017, 2.7 MB
- Judgments and Orders of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2018, 11 MB
- Judgments and Orders of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2019, 6.6 MB
- Statistics of Judgments of the NATO Administrative Tribunal - 2013-2018, 569 KB
NB: Judgments can be word-searched using the “CTRL + F” function of the keyboards