Relations with the Kyrgyz Republic

  • Last updated: 12 Dec. 2017 14:35

NATO and the Kyrgyz Republic have developed practical cooperation in many areas, with the goal of enhancing regional and global security.

Highlights

  • Dialogue with Kyrgyzstan started in 1992, when the country joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (later renamed the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council) and practical cooperation began when it joined the Partnership for Peace in 1994.
  • Objectives for cooperation are set out in an Individual Partnership Action Plan.
  • Key areas of cooperation

    Security cooperation

    Kyrgyzstan participates in numerous PfP exercises. The Kyrgyz government has identified a number of units as available for NATO/PfP operations and training exercises. Participation requires a government decision in each individual case..

    NATO and the Kyrgyzstan have also developed an agreement on the transit of surface (rail and road) non-lethal cargo to Afghanistan across Kyrgyz territory.

    Defence and security sector reform

    In consultation with the NATO Allies, Kyrgyzstan is in the process of reforming its armed forces. The PARP, which Kyrgyzstan joined in 2007, aims to assist the government in developing reform plans and activities, as well as enhance Kyrgyzstan’s ability to take part in peacekeeping operations alongside NATO forces.

    Kyrgyzstan is working to enhance its mountain search and rescue capabilities, and its military command and control structures. Military education plays a role in these processes and cooperation in this area covers a wide range of areas, including language training, search and rescue education and training, border security and control, and the law of armed conflicts and human rights.

    In February 2015, upon the request of the Kyrgyz authorities, a new NATO-Kyrgyzstan English-language training programme for selected military personnel was launched at the Bishkek-based American University of Central Asia. The programme aims to enhance the Kyrgyz defence ministry’s capacity to take part effectively in activities organised by NATO for partners as well as other international military cooperation events.

    Kyrgyzstan also participates in a NATO-supported retraining programme for released military personnel. The goal of the programme is to cushion the socio-economic consequences of the country’s restructuring armed forces by facilitating the re-entry of former military personnel into the civilian job market.

    Kyrgyz personnel also participate in a counter-narcotics training project launched by NATO and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in 2015. The project involves five Central Asian states -- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan -- as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan. It follows up on a similar initiative developed under the umbrella of the NATO-Russia Council which was suspended in the wake of Russian aggressive action in Ukraine.

    Civil emergency planning

    Civil emergency planning is a key area of cooperation for Kyrgyzstan. With the Allies, the country is working to improve its effectiveness in responding to natural disasters and emergency situations. Kyrgyzstan is particularly interested in relevant scientific and technical cooperation and the mechanisms available through the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC).

    Security-related scientific cooperation

    The Kyrgyz Republic is an active partner and has been actively engaged with the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme since 1993. Leading areas for cooperation include environmental security and counter-terrorism.

    Public information

    Kyrgyzstan and NATO continue working together to increase public understanding of NATO and the benefits of cooperation. This is done through different strands of activities, including visits to NATO Headquarters, international workshops in Kyrgyzstan, and video conferences between NATO and Kyrgyz academic institutions. Work is ongoing to build and enhance networks with universities, non-governmental organisations, and the press and media.

    NATO supports educational activities relevant to security and defence issues and is working with Kyrgyzstan to increase public access to NATO and security-related documents. To this end, NATO and Kyrgyzstan opened a NATO Depository Library at the Diplomatic Academy in Bishkek in February 2009.

     

  • Framework for cooperation

    Dialogue takes place within the framework of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC). The NATO Secretary General’s Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia conducts high-level political dialogue with Kyrgyz authorities.

    NATO and Kyrgyzstan are developing practical cooperation in a number of areas through the country’s Individual Partnership Cooperation Programme (IPCP), which is jointly agreed each year. Key areas include security and peacekeeping cooperation, especially counter-terrorism cooperation and border security, crisis management, and civil emergency planning.

    The country joined the PfP Planning and Review Process (PARP) in 2007 to work more closely with the Allies on military interoperability and defence planning initiatives, with objectives underpinned by a set of tailored Partnership Goals.

  • Milestones in relations

    1992

    Kyrgyzstan joins the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, renamed the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997.

    1994

    Kyrgyzstan joins the Partnership for Peace.

    2000

    NATO’s Secretary General visits Kyrgyzstan

    2003

    Kyrgyzstan is connected to the Virtual Silk Highway.

    2004

    NATO Secretary General visits Kyrgyzstan.

    2006

    The Allies provide aid to Kyrgyzstan through the EADRCC as heavy snowfall causes extensive damage in the south of the country.

    2007

    Kyrgyzstan joins the PfP Planning and Review Process (PARP).

    Kyrgyzstan hosts the EAPC youth forum in Bishkek in November.

    2009

    The NATO Depository Library opens at the Diplomatic Academy in Bishkek.

    Kyrgyzstan officially launches a NATO-supported retraining programme for released military personnel in Bishkek.

    2011

    In February, the President of Kyrgyzstan, Roza Otunbayeva, visits NATO Headquarters.

     

     

     

     

    2013

    In May, the newly appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary General (DASG) for Political and Security Policy and NATO Special Representative for Central Asia, James Appathurai, visits Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to discuss regional security issues and the expansion of practical cooperation programmes.

    Kyrgyz President Almazbek Atambayev visits NATO Headquarters.