Financial and economic data relating to NATO Defence

Defence Expenditures of NATO Countries (1980-2001)

  • 18 Dec. 2001 -
  • |
  • Press Release M-DPC-2(2001) 156
  • Issued on 21 Nov. 2001
  • |
  • Last updated: 25 Jul. 2011 16:52

The figures given in Table 1 represent payments actually made or to be made during the course of the fiscal year. They are based on the NATO definition of defence expenditures.

In view of the differences between this and national definitions, the figures shown may diverge considerably from those which are quoted by national authorities or given in national budgets. For countries providing military assistance, this is included in the expenditures figures. For countries receiving assistance, figures do not include the value of items received. Expenditures for research and development are included in equipment expenditures and pensions paid to retirees in personnel expenditures.

France is a member of the Alliance without belonging to the integrated military structure and does not participate in collective force planning. The defence data relating to France are indicative only.

Iceland has no armed forces.

The Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland joined the Alliance in 1999.

From 2001 on, United Kingdom has changed its accounting system for defence expenditures from "cash basis" to "resource basis".


Table 1: total defence expenditures
Table 2: gross domestic product (GDP) and defence expenditure annual volume change
Table 3: defence expenditures as % of GDP
Table 4: GDP and defence expenditures per capita
Table 5: distribution of defence expenditures by category
Table 6: armed forces


Reader's Guide

To avoid any ambiguity the fiscal year has been designated by the year which includes the highest number of months: e.g. 1999 represents the fiscal year 1999/2000 for Canada and United Kingdom and the fiscal year 1998/1999 for the United States.

Because of rounding, the total figures may differ from the sum of their components.

Conventional signs:

e estimated
- nil
.. not available
// not applicable
| break in continuity of series