Functional Nanostructures and Sensors for CBRN Defence and Environmental Safety and Security

(published under the NATO Science for Peace and Security series - 2020)

  • Last updated: 01 Mar. 2021 15:36

Title: Functional Nanostructures and Sensors for CBRN Defence and Environmental Safety and Security

SPS Reference: G5347


Over the last decade, techniques for materials preparation and processing at nanometer scale have advanced rapidly, leading to the introduction of novel principles for a new generation of sensors and detectors.  At the same time, the chemical industry, transport and agriculture produce huge amounts of dangerous waste gases and liquids, leading to soil, air and water contamination. One more modern threat - international terrorism - demands that scientists make efforts to apply new principles and technologies to protect society against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) attacks and to develop novel effective technologies for the remediation of large contaminated areas.

Accordingly, the main goal of this book is to bring together experts (theorists, experimentalists, engineers and technologists) for an extensive discussion covering: novel principles for functional nanostructures and detector fabrication and implementation, the development of novel technologies for the deactivation of CBRN agents, their experimental realization and their application in novel monitoring and control systems, and technological processes for soil and water remediation, with a view to environmental protection and defence against CBRN-based terrorism.

In keeping with the book’s main goal, the following topics are highlighted and discussed:

  • Sensors and detectors - detection of chemicals, principles of “artificial nose” and chemical “micro-lab on a chip” design, surface and underground water quality monitoring systems, molecular electronics, superconducting electronic devices, quantum detectors and Qubits.
  • Environmental protection and CBRN - detection of infrared, microwave, X-ray and terahertz radiation. Principles for novel IR-, UV-, and Terahertz-wave devices for the detection of low-contrast objects.
  • Novel technological processes for CBRN  destruction and deactivation

All these topics are strongly interrelated, both with regard to fundamental aspects and to fabrication and implementation technologies; in addition, they are highly promising for application in novel functional devices, computer logics, sensing and detection of low-concentration chemicals, weak and extremely weak magnetic and microwave fields, infrared and ultraviolet radiation. Given its scope, the book will be a useful and interesting guide for a broad readership of engineers, scientists, PhD students and experts in the area of defence against environmental terrorism.

Editors: Sidorenko, A., Hahn, H.

Access the publication here: Functional Nanostructures and Sensors for CBRN Defence and Environmental Safety and Security

Series: Series C: Environmental Security

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 978-94-024-1908-5 (print) | 978-94-024-1909-2 (online)