quotes and background
Maintaining security and stability
At their meeting in Prague, NATO Heads of State
and Government will reiterate the Alliance’s commitment to
security and stability in the Balkans.
Since 1995, NATO-led forces helped end conflicts
and are now helping to keep the peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Kosovo and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1).
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The security provided by NATO-led peacekeepers
(IFOR, now SFOR) since 1995 has resulted in the return of large
numbers of refugees and displaced persons uprooted by the conflict
in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
IFOR and SFOR have in addition provided support
for implementation of civilian aspects of the Dayton Peace Agreement
and have contributed substantially to progress made in fields such
as defence reform;
the restructuring and reduction of armed forces; weapons collection;
arrest and detainment of persons indicted by the International Criminal
Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY); assistance for minority
returns; humanitarian assistance; control of airspace, public security,
de-mining; and supervision of the electoral process.
Security provided by the NATO-led Kosovo peacekeeping
force (KFOR) has enabled some 1.3 million people from inside Kosovo
and abroad to return to their homes and villages.
Work undertaken by KFOR and in cooperation with
other organisations has contributed substantially to reconstruction
and de-mining; security and public order; security of ethnic minorities;
protection of patrimonial sites; border security; interdiction of
cross-border smuggling; implementation of a weapons, ammunition
and explosives amnesty; weapons destruction; the establishment of
civil institutions; the maintenance of law and order; the reconstruction
of the judicial and penal system; and supervision of the electoral
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1)
Operation Essential Harvest was launched
following the request of President Trajkovski in August 2001 for
NATO assistance in demilitarising the National Liberation Army and
disarming ethnic Albanian groups operating in the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (1).
This operation resulted in the collection of some
3 875 weapons
and 397 600 other items, including mines and explosives.
Operation Amber Fox was launched in September
2001, in response to a further request by President Trajkovski for
a follow-on force to provide protection for international monitors
from the European Union and the OSCE overseeing the implementation
of the peace plan. The mandate of the mission, which involves some
1 000 troops provided by NATO member countries, has been extended
to 15 December 2002.
- Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia
with its constitutional name.