Updated: 08-Nov-2001 1991

[ '45-'49 | '50-'59 | '60-'69 | '70-'79 | '80-'89 | '90-'99 | '00- ]
[ 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 ]
Summary | Jan | Feb | Mar | Apr | May | June | July | Aug | Sept | Oct | Nov | Dec

August 1991

19 Aug

Soviet President Gorbachev is removed from office in a coup and replaced by an emergency committee. Meeting in emergency session, the NATO Council warns the Soviet Union of serious consequences if it abandons reform. Western aid programmes are suspended. Russian President Boris Yeltsin calls for a general strike while loyalist tanks flying Russian flags position themselves near the Russian parliament building.

Additional information:

21 Aug

Romanian Foreign Minister Adrian Nastase visits NATO.

21 Aug

Ministerial meeting of the North Atlantic Council. Foreign Ministers review the political situation in the Soviet Union and publish a statement condemning the unconstitutional removal of President Gorbachev and calling for the restoration of democratic reform. President Gorbachev returns to Moscow as the 19 August coup collapses and its leaders are arrested. Western leaders praise President Yeltsins role in resisting the coup and lift a freeze on aid to the Soviet Union. Romanian Foreign Minister Adrian Nastase visits NATO.

Additional information:

25 Aug

The Soviet Union announces a wholesale purge of the Military High Command. President Gorbachev proposes that the Communist Party be disbanded and resigns as its General Secretary.

26 Aug

President Gorbachev indicates that the demands of secession-minded republics for independence can no longer be resisted. EC countries agree to establish diplomatic ties with the three Baltic states.

28 Aug

President Gorbachev appoints Boris Pankin, former Ambassador to Czechoslovakia, as Foreign Minister, strips the KGB of its troops and orders an investigation of its activities.

29 Aug

Soviet legislators vote to suspend all activities of the Communist Party.