Updated: 09-Nov-2006 Ministerial Communiqus

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Ministerial Communiqués


28-29 May 1991, Brussels
Defence Planning Committee and Nuclear Planning Committee
Chairman : Manfred Wörner.

New era for Europe and Alliance - Expansion of dialogue with Central and Eastern Europe - Goal of Europe whole and free - Withdrawal of Soviet forces and dissolution of Warsaw Treaty Organisation's military structure - Implementation of CFE Treaty - Risks and uncertainties despite improved security environment - Peace and freedom, strategic balance, credible deterrence, common defence - The Gulf War - First operational deployment of AMF - Dialogue, cooperation, collective defence - Arms control and disarmament - Progress of new strategic concept - Indivisibility of security, shared responsibilities - Continued presence of North American forces in Europe - New force structures: flexibility, mobility, multinationality - Main defence, reaction, augmentation forces: land, air and maritime - 1991 Ministerial Guidance - Agreement on maintaining effectiveness of collective defence arrangements - Financial consequences of adaptation and transformation of forces in a transitional period - Process of adaptation in key areas of defence planning (crisis management; reinforcement; air command and control; infrastructure; arms cooperation - CAPS;) - Review of size and tasks of nuclear forces - Reduced reliance on nuclear forces - Substantial reductions - Status of START negotiations - INF implementation - Consultations on SNF - Risks from proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction - Unprecedented opportunities for promotion of freedom and stability in Europe - Intensified dialogue and cooperation with Central and Eastern European countries - Role of CSCE - Contribution of arms control and disarmament - European security and defence identity - The transatlantic link - Preservation of common defence

6-7 June 1991, Copenhagen, Denmark
North Atlantic Council
Chairman : Manfred Wörner.

NATO's adaptation commensurate with changes in Europe - Review of political and military strategy - Political, economic, social and ecological elements of security - Key institutions - Germany - End of the division of Europe - Closer cooperation with Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe - Development of the CSCE process - Validity of NATO's basic missions and core security functions - New European architecture - Enhancing the role and responsibility of European members - Process of European integration - Development of European security identity and defence role - Strengthening the transatlantic link - Strategic unity, indivisibility of security - NATO's role as a forum for consultation and venue for agreement on security and-defence policy - The integrated military structure - Transparency and complementarity between the development of a European security and defence identity and NATO - Links and consultation procedures for non-participating allies - Role of arms control and confidence building measures - CFE and CFE IA negotiations - CSBM negotiations - Open Skies - START - Global risks from proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and means of delivery and from excessive transfers of conventional arms - Global and regional arms control and non-proliferation initiatives - Role of NATO during Gulf War - Consultation and coordination on global challenges in cooperation with other states.

6-7 June 1991, Copenhagen, Denmark
Statement on the Resolution of Problems Concerning the CFE Treaty

Resolution by United States and Soviet Union of problems concerning CFE Treaty of November 1990 - Safeguarding the integrity of the Treaty - Implications of agreement for CFE IA negotiations including proposals on military manpower - Ratification and implementation - Prospects for "Open Skies" Treaty.

6-7 June 1991, Copenhagen, Denmark
Partnership with the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe

7 June 1991, Copenhagen, Denmark
NATO's Core Security Functions in the New Europe

The purpose of the Alliance: to safeguard freedom and security by political and military means in accordance with UN Charter - Shared values of democracy, human rights and rule of law - Continuing objective of a just and peaceful order in Europe - The Nature of the Alliance: embodiment of the transatlantic link - Common commitment and mutual cooperation - Indivisibility of security - The fundamental tasks of the Alliance: maintenance of a military capability sufficient to prevent war and provide for effective defence - Maintenance of an overall crisis management capability - Development of political initiatives for cooperation - Four fundamental security tasks of the Alliance - Roles of other European institutions - European identity in security and defence - Scope of Alliance and rights and obligations of its members.

21 August 1991, Brussels
The Situation in the Soviet Union

17-18 October 1991, Taormina, Italy
Nuclear Planning Group
Chairman : Manfred Wörner.

Improved security environment and Alliance transformation - Cooperation with Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe - Review of new Alliance Strategic Concept - Guidelines for future defence, new force posture and streamlining of military command structure - Agreement on sub-strategic nuclear force posture and stockpile level - Reduced reliance on nuclear weapons, especially short-range - No requirement for ground-launched short- range ballistic missiles and artillery - Bush decision and Gorbachev reciprocation on withdrawal and destruction of associated warheads - Withdrawal and partial destruction of tactical nuclear weapons from surface vessels, attack submarines and land-based naval aircraft - Reduction of air- delivered weapons - Total reduction in NATO stockpiles of sub-strategic weapons in Europe of about 80% - Decisions in accordance with policy of maintaining minimum level of nuclear forces - Nuclear weapons continue to be part of Alliance's overall strategy for war prevention - Nuclear roles and basing of sub-strategic nuclear forces as the political and military link to NATO's strategic forces - Bush initiatives on US and Soviet strategic nuclear postures and START Treaty: historic steps for enhanced security and stability - Dialogue with Soviet Union on nuclear policy - Proliferation of nuclear weapons - Control of nuclear weapons in the Soviet Union - Alliance security interests - 50th Ministerial meeting of Nuclear Planning Group - Continued review of NATO nuclear posture.

8th Nov. 1991, Rome
Rome Declaration on Peace And Cooperation

New chapter in NATO history - Community of shared values between North America and the whole of Europe - Continuing role of the Alliance as agent of change, source of stability and guarantor of security - New security architecture - Framework of interlocking institutions in Europe and North America - Complementary roles of NATO, CSCE, EC, WEU and Council of Europe - Regional cooperation - Prevention of instability and divisions - Future role of the Alliance - New Strategic Concept - Dialogue, cooperation, collective defence - Military dimension of the Alliance - Broad concept of security - Collective arrangements for defence based on the integrated military structure, cooperation and coordination agreements, and appropriate mix of conventional and nuclear forces - Changes to conventional forces - NPG decisions at Taormina on 80% reduction in sub- strategic nuclear stockpiles in Europe - Political purpose of nuclear weapons - Consensus on positive effects of European security and defence role - parallel enhancement of transatlantic link - Strategic unity and indivisibility of security - Fundamental Alliance roles - Links and consultation procedures between EC, WEU and NATO eg. on peace efforts in Yugoslavia - Role of new Strategic Concept in facilitating complementarity - Preservation of operational coherence - Reinforcement of role of WEU - Strong new transatlantic partnership - Relations with Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe: qualitative step forward - Encouragement of democratic process - Political and economic reform - Practical assistance - Independence of Baltic States - Intensification and qualitative enhancement of the relationship with Central and Eastern Europe - Development of institutional basis for consultation and cooperation - Invitation to participate in joint meetings - Joint political declaration - Proposals for future cooperation - Commitment to strengthening the CSCE process - 1992 Helsinki Follow-Up Meeting - Consolidation and development of new CSCE instruments including CSCE Council, Committee of Senior Officials, Conflict Prevention Centre, Office of Democratic Institutions and Capabilities for protection of human rights, democracy and the rule of law - Arms control - September 27 Bush initiative and Gorbachev response - Achievement of SNF arms control objectives - Early ratification of START agreement - Achievements in conventional arms control and disarmament - Paramount importance of CFE ratification and implementation - Objectives for CFE IA, CSBM and Open Skies negotiations - Arms control and disarmament goals for Helsinki Follow-Up Meeting - Dangers from weapons proliferation - UN Register for Conventional Arms Transfers - 1992 objective for Global ban on chemical weapons - Verification of biological/ toxin weapons - Global context of Alliance security - Addressing broader challenges through consultations and cooperation with other states - NATO founded for defence of territory and safeguarding and promotion of shared values - Opportunities for extensive Alliance contribution to new age of confidence, stability and peace.

7th-8th Nov. 1991, Rome
The Alliance's New Strategic Concept

8th Nov. 1991, Rome - S-1(98)88
The Situation in Yugoslavia

8th Nov. 1991, Rome - S-1(91)87
Developments in the Soviet Union

12-13 Dec 1991, Brussels - M-DPC-2(91)104
Defence Planning Committee
Chairman : Manfred Wörner.

Transformation of the Alliance - Rome Summit documents - Decisions on implementation of the Strategic Concept - Role of Defence Ministers in developing partnerships with countries of Central and Eastern Europe - NATO's experience and expertise in defence-related issues available to the Central and Eastern European countries - Military contacts - Significance of new Strategic Concept including dialogue, cooperation and maintenance of collective defence capability - Risk insurance - Crisis prevention and management - Complementarity between the transformed Alliance and emerging defence component of European integration - Enhancing the transatlantic link - Maintenance of strategic unity and indivisibility of security - North American conventional and US nuclear forces in Europe - Preservation of operational coherence - Maastricht Summit decisions - Closer links between NATO and WEU, transparency and complementarity - Transformation of Alliance defence - Military guidance on implementation of the Strategic Concept - 1992-96 Force Plan - Identification of national contributions to Reaction, Main Defence and Augmentation Force categories of new Force Structure - Streamlining of NATO command structure - ACE Major Subordinate Commands - Reorganisation of Central Region - Costing and timing implications - New concept of reinforcement - Infrastructure - Conventional armaments plan - Conditions of defence trade - Southern Region land-based fighter presence - Constraints and alternatives for Crotone - Principles of new force structure - Military assistance and transfer of equipment for Greece, Turkey, Portugal following CFE - Early ratification and implementation of CFE Treaty - CFE IA proposals - CSBM and Open Skies negotiations - Objectives for Helsinki CSCE Follow-Up Meeting - Developments in the Soviet Union and republics - Respect for international security commitments of the Soviet Union in CFE, START, INF Treaties - Importance of control of Soviet nuclear weapons under single authority - Concern over Yugoslavia - Support for UN, CSCE, EC, WEU efforts and contributions of NATO allies - Future role of the Alliance in the new European order.

19 Dec 1991, Brussels - M-NAC-2(91)110
North Atlantic Council
Chairman : Manfred Wörner.

Fundamental changes in the Soviet Union and republics - support for political and economic reforms - Rome Summit decisions on cooperation in addition to dialogue and collective defence - New approach to security - Relations with Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe - Inaugural meeting of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council - Developments in the Soviet Union and republics - Implementation of the Soviet Union's international commitments in arms control and under the CSCE process - Control over and non-proliferation of Soviet nuclear weapons and technology - NATO's involvement in humanitarian assistance to peoples of the Soviet Union and republics - Community of shared values - Progress towards democratic pluralism, respect for human rights and market economies in Central and Eastern Europe - Respect for ceasefire agreements in Yugoslavia with a view to prompt deployment of UN peace-keeping force - Pursuit of peace process and negotiated solution - NATO part in framework of interlocking institutions in new European security architecture - Rome initiatives to strengthen CSCE political structures and institutions - NATO to establish appropriate relationship with CSCE including contributions to future meetings - European security identity and defence role - Maastricht decisions on common foreign and security policy and European Union - Future contribution of WEU - Links between WEU and NATO, including synchronisation of venues and meetings and harmonisation of working methods - Arms control: ratification and implementation of CFE Treaty - CFE IA, CSBMs and Open Skies negotiations - Emerging consensus on Helsinki follow-on negotiations - Policy guidelines for preparation of Helsinki Follow-Up Meeting: Establishment of European security forum; strengthening security and stability through arms control and minimum force levels commensurate with legitimate security needs; institution of permanent security dialogue; enhancement of CSCE - Post Helsinki work programme - Security at minimum levels of nuclear arms - Ratification and implementation of START agreement - Dangers of proliferation - Strengthening of Non-Proliferation Treaty - Global, verifiable ban of chemical weapons - UN register for conventional arms transfers.

20 Dec 1991, Brussels - M-NAC-2(91)110
North Atlantic Cooperation Council Statement
On Dialogue, Partnership And Cooperation

Composition of the NAAC - Confrontation and division replaced by dialogue, partnership and cooperation - Promoting stability in Central and Eastern Europe - Indivisibility of security of all CSCE states - Consolidation and preservation of democratic societies - Furtherance of democratic institutions, respect for human rights and economic liberty across Europe - Role of competitive market economies in overcoming economic disparities and enhancing common security and stability - Shared goal of a Europe whole and free - NACC: contribution to strengthening CSCE - European architecture based on Helsinki Final Act and Charter of Paris - Progress in conventional and nuclear arms control - Implementation of CFE and START Treaties - Proliferation issues - Control of nuclear weapons - Institutionalisation of liaison process - Focus of consultations and cooperation - Participation in NATO's "Third Dimension" - NATO information process in Central and Eastern European countries - Future NACC meetings - Statements by Ambassador Afanassievsky.

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