SFOR inspects the GOF 'Cajavec' in Banja Luka
Maj. Pellumb Elezi
First published in
SFOR Informer#156, January 23, 2003
On Jan. 17, 2003 Multinational Brigade Northwest (MNB-NW)
carried out an announced inspection of a Government Ordnance
Factory. A GOF is considered as a Government Facility, defined
as any factory, process, plant, facility, workshop or undertaking,
government or privately owned, used for the manufacture of
military items or their repair. The company, named 'Rudi Cajavec'
and manufacturing electromechanical devices and spare parts,
is located in Banja Luka. The inspection was conducted as
part of the Instructions to the Parties (ITP) that requires
SFOR to monitor all GOF Sites across Bosnia and Herzegovina.
of Government Ordnance Factories (GOF) is fully in line
with Annex 1A of the General Framework Agreement for Peace
(GFAP). "The Parties understand and agree that in
carrying out its responsibilities, IFOR (now SFOR*) shall
have the unimpeded right to observe, monitor, and inspect
any Forces, facility or activity in Bosnia and Herzegovina
that IFOR (SFOR) believes may have military capability.
The refusal, interference, or denial by any Party of this
right to observe, monitor, and inspect by IFOR (SFOR)
shall constitute a breach of this Annex and the violating
Party shall be subject to military action by IFOR (SFOR),
including the use of necessary force to ensure compliance
with this Annex."
* Under UN Security Council Resolution 1088 of Dec. 12
1996, SFOR was authorised to implement the military aspects
of the Peace Agreement as the legal successor to IFOR.
Banja Luka - The aim of the ITP is to provide the parties
with COMSFORS's Instructions in order to clarify policy and
provide clear direction. The parties are required to comply
with the Military aspects of the GFAP and the ITP. SFOR retains
the right to inspect all imports, exports, and internal factory
shipments of all weapons and ammunition as they may have military
aspect. If required, seals will be broken and a detailed inventory
conducted to ensure accurate declarations. GOFs are to be
inspected by the respective MNBs on a 180 days basis.
A short briefing
Before the inspection was conducted, a short briefing was
held in Camp Metal Factory, Headquarters of MNB-NW in Banja
Luka, to pass basic information to the attendees. The inspection
was conducted in a safe and professional manner with minimum
disruption to the workers and production as it took place
at the end of the working week. "This is a straightforward
inspection and it is conducted by SFOR according to its mandate,"
said Canadian WO Glenn Miller, VRS (Army of Republika Srpska)
Desk Officer Joint Military Affairs (JMA) MNB NW.
The inspection team was comprised of personnel from different
countries belonging to JMA HQ SFOR and to MNB-NW, this includes
Australia, Austria, Canada, United Kingdom and United States.
All of them are skilled experts in different fields. The professional
level is an important factor in carrying out of the inspection
of a big factory. "SFOR team is carrying out this site
inspection professionally, as always they do," said Liliana
Vujakovic, the interpreter.
A man and his keys
The timing of the inspection was aimed to minimise the impact
on the production schedule. There was no forcible entry and
the 'Cajavec' management was co-operative throughout. The
team checked a certain number of buildings, laboratories,
warehouses. In general the responsible key-holder ensures
that all doors are open. However on this particular day he
was not available. Consequently, the inspection team had to
choose another way to come into those facilities. The team
was forced to cut several padlocks to ensure an accurate inspection.
At about 11:50 a.m. when the check was at the end, the responsible
key-holder of this site showed up and complained about SFOR's
action. He said that he had the keys but he didn't know anything
about this inspection. The Team leader, Australian Capt. Lucas
Sunders, JMA MNB-NW, replied that the inspection warning has
been sent to 'Cajavec' three weeks in advance. A prior notification
was and is the regular procedure. In fact the Company management
did not provide the internal information flow. Sunders asked
to have a look on fuses, which have been an issue to an internal
shipment request one month ago. And then, the responsible
key-holder immediately arranged an entry to another storage
site located in Banja Luka. Then the team proceeded to the
other location and subsequently counted the figures of the
stored fuses. To gain a wider picture the Company's representatives
have been asked for additional information. At 3:00 p.m. the
inspection team left the site and travelled back to Metal
Factory carrying all the needed information.
Mindful evaluation needed
All day long the inspection team gathered information, materials
and pictures from 'Cajavec' Company. However, this will not
affect any ongoing work in the factory. "Such GOF inspections
are essential for the periodical update of SFOR's databases;
all non-compliance activities have to be justified by the
management in charge. Only SFOR has in fact the ability to
control such activities and to monitor this process is ensuring
SFOR's internal security requirements," said Austrian
Maj. Erwin Kauer JMA HQ SFOR.
In general, SFOR conducts an inspection of a GOF to see if
it is operating within the guidelines put forth. These inspections
help to keep a safe and secure environment as depicted in
the GFAP. That document provides political guidance for all
the actions in the country. "It provides SFOR with an
opportunity to observe a weapons site inspection in an attempt
to improve operating procedures," said U.S. Lt. Col.
Frank Moulter, JMA HQ SFOR. Of course the results of the inspections
will not be immediately known, as they need a careful analysis
of the gathered information.
Nations of SFOR: Austria,
SFOR at Work