BiH Aviation Normalisation, a new step
By 1st Lt. Philippe Mouret
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has just passed
a decisive stage in the normalisation of the control of its airspace.
Sept. 14, during a meeting in the office of EuroControl,
in Brussels, Dr. Azra Hadziahmetovic, Minister of Foreign Trade
and Economic Relations of BiH, signed a profit-sharing agreement
to enlist BiH in the programme of the Central European Air Traffic
Services (CEATS) exchange.
of ICAO, OHR, NATO and
SFOR participated in the meeting. The CEATS
organises the control of planes in the zone covering Austria,
Croatia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Italy, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
The transfer of the intermediate airspace of BiH
comes after the one of the upper airspace, on Jan. 1, 2000. At
this level, BiH DCA divided the zone between
two providers of service: CCL and FATCA, based in Belgrade. Taxes
for flying over their airspace are directly taken by CCL and FATCA,
which put back 20 percent in the BiH DCA. This process of normalisation
is led according to General Framework Agreement for Peace in BiH
(GFAP), which charged IFOR, then SFOR, with the responsibility
of the management and the transfer of the civil air control (see
box). French Maj. Denis Leininger, Deputy Air Forward/Aviation
Normalisation (AVNORM), clarified: "This mission includes
organisation of the airspace, but also airports and civil air
International actors of the process have gathered
since November 2000 in ISC BiH, which meets regularly under the
authority of ICAO to promulgate recommendations.
They include representatives of EuroControl, OHR, SFOR and ECAC.
Maj. Gen. François de Goësbriand, DCOMSFOR, explained
that: "The sky belongs to nobody and to everybody. The airspace
of a country belongs to it, but is also international airspace.
There are laws and international rules governed by ICAO."
For Air Vice Marshal Martyn Gardiner, military advisor to the
High Representative: "Other important aspects of the re-organisation
of civil aviation of BiH is the Operational Assistance (OPAS)
programme, proposed by ICAO and financed by the European Commission
(EC)." OPAS should start in this October
for a duration of three years with the arrival of Yves Lambert,
former director of EuroControl, who will manage BiH's DCA. His
mission is to organise the structure, recruitment and forming
of the staff. French Col. René Chapeau, Civil Aviation
Officer at the OHR, underlined that, "Mr. Lambert's post
does not exist anywhere else in civil aviation. It was created
by the government of the country to set up the BiH DCA."
Besides this mission, he inherits the role that until recently
was held by the local representative of ICAO, Vijendra Singh.