By Capt. Luis Barber
First published in
SFOR Informer#102, December 6, 2000
Sarajevo - Peace support operations are very demanding
in intelligence. Perhaps this is the reason CJ2 Intelligence is the
biggest military division in HQ SFOR. Up to 75 intelligence professionals
serve in this, maybe not so well-known division.
Col. Pat McNiece, of the US Army and Chief of CJ2, thinks that intelligence
is very important.
Without a proactive focus provided by good intelligence, our forces
are reacting to the situation instead of shaping it, he explained.
CJ2 has, as the other branches, an admin cell. But this is slightly
different due to the amount of people to administrate for.
It is a challenge to give admin support to the Intelligence Branch,
because there are a lot of people from many countries working in specialised
tasks. Working in an executive office and admin cell, one can get to
know different procedures of different nations, said Spanish Maj.
Working in Direction and Dissemination, another cell of CJ2, Maj. Jose
Zuleta, Spanish Army, commented the intelligence work is always ongoing.
But the outstanding people and the nice environment you find in
our division makes it easier, he said.
CJ2 is comprised of two major sections. McNiece explained the way they
two sections do yeoman's work everyday, insuring the right information
is collected and making sure that it is properly analysed in order to
provide intelligence to subordinate divisions and timely answers to
COMSFOR's important intelligence questions, he said.
The Collection Section directs SFOR collection assets to answer COMSFOR's
priority intelligence requirements. German Lt. Col. Frank Richter is
the Chief of Collection. He said those requirements break them down
thus translating them in general and specific collection plans.
Force protection issues always rank prominent among the collection
effort. Additionally the branch manages the numerous Requests for Information,
The scope of the collection assets encompasses collection means
that are employed in any military operation - aerial reconnaissance
and surveillance, signal intelligence and, most important in peace support
operations, HUMINT (human intelligence), he said. The task of
geographic support also falls here.
CJ2X puts together HUMINT, Counter Intelligence (CI) and Theatre Security.
In HUMINT, we gather information from the population to find out
what's going on and what's going to happen. In CI, we try to keep others
from learning what we intend to do. This goes hand-in-hand with our
theatre security mission. We want to keep all SFOR members safe from
harm, said Maj. Al Human, US Army and chief of this element.
other section is Production. It takes the information provided by collection
assets and turns it into intelligence. The Analysis element of Production
uses this information to produce daily intelligence summaries.
Italian Capt. Giorgio Cipolloni is an analyst.
The multinational environment makes you evaluated for what you
really are, more than for your rank or position. Here we work more or
less like that of a newspaper. Brainstorming is the basis of our work,
The summaries they produce not only describe recent activities, but
also predict likely future actions.
It's like looking into a crystal ball in order to see what the
future could bring, joked Cipollini.
The Collation element takes the intelligence, formats it, and enters
it into a database that allows analysts to easily access it. French
Maj. Andre Belenguer is the chief of this element.
Our way of working has to be based on a real team spirit and permanent
dialogue between us. My job is mainly a team leader one more than an
intelligence one, he said.
In Collation, changes of personnel are a major problem because the quality
and decisiveness diminishes in a proper turnover.
But we are improving the internal working organisation by putting
up with a realistic and stabilized structure and with a concrete and
clear working organisation, in order to face that inconvenience,
Running a division like this requires daily attention to COMSFOR's
requirements, good situation awareness, and close co-ordination with
national intelligence centres, the rest of the SFOR staff and command
group. The CJ2 staff exists to answer COMSFOR's intelligence questions.
The soldiers, airmen, sailors and marines from 11 nations devote many
hours a day to do this important work, added McNiece.
Nations of SFOR: US, Spain,