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Updated: 18-Feb-2005 NATO Topics

 

List of NATO's Communiqués since 1990

Referring to the Mediterranean Region and/or NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue

   
7-8 June 1990, London, UK
North Atlantic Council - Heads of State and Government / NAC M-1(90)29
Para. 14

Welcoming agreement at the recent Bonn Conference on Economic Cooperation in Europe on fundamental principles to guide the conversion from planned to market-oriented economies, we fully support the efforts of the Copenhagen meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension now underway to reinforce and extend the protection and guarantee of human rights and individual freedoms. Allies place particular importance on resolutions concerning the right to free and fair elections held at regular intervals, a commitment to the rule of law, and rights of persons belonging to national minorities among many proposals put forward for consideration at the Copenhagen meeting. We hope that the Palma de Mallorca meeting on the Mediterranean will contribute to enhancing cooperation also in that region. We also welcome the interest recently expressed by the Albanian Government in associating itself with the CSCE process and the commitments therein. We look to the Albanian Government to demonstrate its willingness to comply with all existing CSCE commitments, including those on human rights.

   
7-8 November 1991, Rome, Italy
North Atlantic Council - Heads of State and Government /
S-1(91)85
Para. 12 (The Alliance's 1991 Strategic Concept)

The Allies also wish to maintain peaceful and non-adversarial relations with the countries in the Southern Mediterranean and Middle East. The stability and peace of the countries on the southern periphery of Europe are important for the security of the Alliance, as the 1991 Gulf war has shown. This is all the more so because of the build-up of military power and the proliferation of weapons technologies in the area, including weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles capable of reaching the territory of some member states of the Alliance.

   
10 June 1993, Athens, Greece
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-1(93)38
Para. 11

Security in Europe is greatly affected by security in the Mediterranean. Consequently, we encourage all efforts for dialogue and cooperation which aim at strenghening stability in this region. The example of our improved understanding and cooperative partnership with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe could serve to inspire such efforts.

   
10-11 January 1994, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Heads of State and Government /
M-1(94)3
Para. 22

We reiterate our conviction that security in Europe is greatly affected by security in the Mediterranean. We strongly welcome the agreements recently concluded in the Middle East peace process which offer an historic opportunity for a peaceful and lasting settlement in the area. This much-awaited breakthrough has had a positive impact on the overall situation in the Mediterranean, thus opening the way to consider measures to promote dialogue, understanding and confidence-building between the countries in the region. We direct the Council in Permanent Session to continue to review the overall situation, and we encourage all efforts conducive to strengthening regional stability.

   
9 June 1994, Istanbul, Turkey
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-1(94)46
Para. 29

We carefully follow the political developments around the Mediterranean. We are concerned by the risks to stability in this area. We consider that not only the security of the Alliance, but also that of Europe in general is affected by security in the Mediterranean. We direct the Council in Permanent Session to continue to review the overall situation and to examine possible proposals by its members with a view to contributing to the strenghening of regional stability.

   
1 December 1994, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers Meeting /
M-NAC-2(94)116
Para. 19

We reaffirm the importance we attach to developments around the Mediterranean. At our meeting in Athens we encouraged all efforts for dialogue and cooperation which aim at strengthening stability in this region. In this context, we welcome the recent positive steps in the Middle East peace process, which will help remove the obstacles to a more constructive relationship between the countries of the region as a whole. The NATO Summit in January reiterated the conviction that security in Europe is greatly affected by security in the Mediterranean. As agreed at our meeting in Instanbul, we have examined proposed measures to promote dialogue and are ready to establish contacts, on a case-by-case basis, between the Alliance and Mediterranean non-member countries with a view to contributing to the strengthening of regional stability. To this end, we direct the Council in Permanent Session to continue to review the situation, to develop the details of the proposed dialogue and to initiate appropriate preliminary contacts.

   
30 May 1995, Noordwijk Aan Zee, The Netherlands
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-1(95)48
Para. 11

We want to achieve better mutual understanding with the countries to our South and to contribute to the strengthening of stability in the Mediterranean region. We are pleased that our initiative for dialogue has been met with a positive response and that exploratory discussions have been launched with five Mediterranean states outside the Alliance. We hope further discussions will lead to the establishment of a fruitful dialogue with these and other Mediterranean countries. Such exchanges will foster transparency and a better understanding of security issues of mutual interest. In addition, we mean to make the Alliance's aims and objectives better understood, also with regard to its new missions of peacekeeping under the authority of the UN or the responsibility of the OSCE.

   
5 December 1995, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(95)118
Para. 12

We reiterate our conviction that security in Europe is greatly affected by security and stability in the Mediterranean. We are satisfied with the talks held this year with a number of Mediterranean non-NATO countries (Egypt, Israel, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia) in order to explore the possibilities for a permanent dialogue with countries in the region. In light of the interest shown, we have decided to pursue further the dialogue, with the aim of fostering transparency and achieving a better mutual understanding with the countries to our South, and with a view to contributing to strengthening stability in the Mediterranean region. We welcome the extension of the dialogue to Jordan. Our initiative complements without duplicating other international efforts aimed at fostering stability in this region, in particular the Euro-Mediterranean Conference held in Barcelona in November 1995.

   
3 June 1996, Berlin, Germany
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-1(96)63
Para. 22

We support the ongoing Middle East peace process, and urge all participants to remain committed to it. We reiterate our conviction that security in Europe is greatly affected by security and stability in the Mediterranean. We attach particular importance to the progress of our Mediterranean dialogue with non-NATO countries. Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia are participating today in the political dialogue underway. We are pleased with the interest shown by the dialogue countries and with the talks already held. We are convinced that this dialogue is a contribution to a better mutual understanding with a view to contributing to stability in the region. We direct the Council in Permanent Session to report at our meeting in December on the activities undertaken on the basis of the dialogue.

   
10 December 1996, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(96)165
Para. 12

We support the Middle East peace process, and urge all participants to remain firmly committed to it.
We reaffirm our conviction that security in Europe is closely linked with security and stability in the Mediterranean, and that the Mediterranean dimension is consequently one of the various components of the European security architecture. In this regard, as part of the adaptation of the Alliance, we will work towards enhancing our relations with non-NATO Mediterranean countries through our dialogue.
The dialogue complements other international efforts, such as those undertaken by the Barcelona process, the OSCE and the WEU without creating any division of labour. We welcome the report of th Council in Permanent Session on the progress of and recommendations for future steps to develop the dialogue with Mediterranean countries through political dialogue and other activities agreed by the Alliance. Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia have reiterated their interest in the development of our relations. We have decided to enhance our Mediterranean dialogue in a progressive way and have tasked the Council in Permanent Session to report at our next meeting on the implementation of the activities foreseen in the report as well as on the scope for further development.

   
29 May 1997, Sintra, Portugal
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers Meeting /
M-NAC-1(97)65
Para. 6

We attach great importance to security and stability in the Mediterranean region. We are pleased with the development of the dialogue between NATO and a number of countries of the region. We want to further enhance this dialogue and improve its overall political visibility as an effort of confidence-building and cooperation that contributes to stability. To this end, we have today agreed a number of measures on the implementation and scope for further development of this dialogue. We have decided to recommend to our Heads of State and Government to formally establish under the authority of the Council a new committee having the overall responsibility for the Mediterranean dialogue.

   
8 July 1997, Madrid, Spain
North Atlantic Council - Heads of State and Government Meeting / M-1(97)81
Para. 13

The Mediterranean region merits great attention since security in the whole of Europe is closely linked with security and stability in the Mediterranean. We are pleased with the development of the Mediterranean initiative that was launched following our last meeting in Brussels. The dialogue we have established between NATO and a number of Mediterranean countries is developing progressively and successfully, contributes to confidence-building and cooperation in the region, and complements other international efforts. We endorse the measures agreed by NATO Foreign Ministers in Sintra on the widening of the scope and the enhancement of the dialogue and, on the basis of their recommendations, have decided today to establish under the authority of the North Atlantic Council a new committee, the Mediterranean Cooperation Group, which will have the overall responsibility for the Mediterranean dialogue.

   
16 December 1997, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(97)155
Para. 13

We continue to give great attention to the Mediterranean region since security in the whole of Europe is closely linked with security and stability in the Mediterranean. NATO's Mediterranean dialogue has continued to develop progressively, and thus contributes to enhancing security and stability in the Mediterranean region. The Mediterranean dialogue is an important component of the Alliance's policy of outreach and cooperation. We welcome the progress made by the Mediterranean Cooperation Group, created at the Madrid Summit, which has the overall responsibility for the Mediterranean dialogue under the authority of the North Atlantic Council and, and the expansion of the dialogues with our Mediterranean Partners, including in a 16+1 format. We also welcome the establishment of an appropriately funded work programme through cooperation on security-related issues, and we task the Council in Permanent Session to provide a progress report next year on its implementation.

   
28 May 1998, Luxembourg
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-1(98)59
Para. 8

We reiterate our firm belief that security in Europe is closely linked with security and stability in the Mediterranean. We give great attention to our Mediterranean Dialogue, which is part of the Alliance's overall cooperative approach to security and reinforces and complements other international efforts. We welcome and encourage interest from Mediterranean Dialogue countries in political consultations and practical cooperation with our Alliance, and note that meetings in a 16+1 format have given the Dialogue a greater political profile. We have decided to designate NATO Contact Point Embassies in Mediterranean Dialogue countries to strengthen our relations with them. We welcome the progressive development of the different dimensions of the Dialogue and encourage partners in the Dialogue to take full advantage of all its possibilities, including the military dimension.

   
8 December 1998, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(98)140
Para. 10

Security in Europe is closely linked with security and stability in the Mediterranean. We threfore give great attention to our Mediterranean Dialogue which is part of the Alliance's cooperative approach to security, contributes to building confidence with participating countries and mutually reinforces other international efforts towards this end. We look forward to the positive contribution that the newly designated Allied Contact Point Embassies will have in fostering the Dialogue. We are committed to further improving the political, civil and military aspects of our Dialogue. We encourage Partners in the Dialogue to take full advantage of all its possibilities, including in the military field. We are ready to consider possibilities to enhance cooperation with participating countries in preparation for the Washington Summit.

   
24-26 April 1999, Washington, USA
North Atlantic Council - Heads of State and Government Meeting
Para. 5 (The Washington Declaration: NAC-S(99)63 of 23 April 1999)

We must be as effective in the future in dealing with new challenges as we were in the past. We are charting NATO's course as we enter the 21st century: an Alliance committed to collective defence, capable of addressing current and future risks to our security, strengthened by an open to new members, and working together with other institutions, Partners and Mediterranean Dialogue countries in a mutually reinforcing way to enhance Euro-Atlantic security and stability.

Para. 29 (Washington Summit Communique: NAC-S(99)64 of 24 April 1999)

The Mediterranean Dialogue is an integral part of the Alliance's co-operative approach to security since security in the whole of Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We are pleased with the development of our Mediterranean Dialogue. The Dialogue is progressive in nature and we welcome the progress towards developing broader and deeper co-operation and dialogue with the countries in the Mediterranean region. We endorse the enhancements to the political and practical co-operation of the Mediterranean Dialogue agreed by the Council in Permanent Session and direct it to pursue their early implementation. We encourage Allied nations and Mediterranean Dialogue countries to organise events such as the Rome Conference in 1997 and the Valencia Conference in 1999 as positive steps to strengthen mutual regional understanding. We look forward to further opportunities to strengthen co-operation in areas where NATO can add value, particularly in the military field, and where Dialogue countries have expressed interest. The Dialogue and other international efforts, including the Barcelona process, are complementary and mutually reinforcing and thus contribute to transparency and building confidence in the region.

Para. 38 (The Alliance's Strategic Concept: NAC-S(99)65 of 24 April 1999)

The Mediterranean is an area of special interest to the Alliance. Security in Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue process is an integral part of NATO's co-operative approach to security. It provides a framework for confidence building, promotes transparency and cooperation in the region, and reinforces and is reinforced by other international efforts. The Alliance is committed to developing progressively the political, civil, and military aspects of the Dialogue with the aim of achieving closer cooperation with, and more active involvement by, countries that are partners in the this Dialogue.

   
15-16 December 1999, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(99)166
Para. 35

The Mediterranean Dialogue is an integral part of the Alliance's co-operative approach to security since security in the whole of Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We are pleased with the progress achieved in strengthening the Mediterranean Dialogue as agreed at the Washington Summit. The last round of political consultations with the six Mediterranean Dialogue countries held in October and November, offered an opportunity for sharing views on the implementation and future development of the Dialogue, including the Work Programme for 2000. We recognise the interest of our Mediterranean partners in developing the Dialogue, including through a strengthened co-operation in areas where NATO can bring added value

Para. 36

We acknowledge the role played by the recently-designed Contact Point Embassies and we encourage the Mediterranean Co-Operation Group to continue its efforts to progressively develop the Dialogue. Visits by NATO representatives have improved the prospects for closer contacts and co-operation. We welcome and encourage Allied nations and Mediterranean Dialogue countries to organise events such as the Rome Conference in 1997 and the Valencia Conference in 1999, as positive steps to strengthen mutual regional understanding. We direct the Council in Permanent Session to report at our next meeting on the political and practical co-operation in the Dialogue agreed in Washington.

   
24-25 May 2000, Florence, Italy
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers /
M-NAC-1(2000)052
Para. 49

Recalling the decisions taken in Washinton on the Mediterranean Dialogue, we recognise and welcome the interest of our Mediterranean partners in developing the Dialogue, including through strengthened cooperation in areas where NATO can bring added value, particularly in the military field. We welcome the progress report received today on the Mediterranean Dialogue, including on the financing modalities and related practical arrangements, and the positive outcome of the visits conducted by NATO Senior Political Officials to Mediterranean Dialogue countries. We encourage Allies and Mediterranean countries to organise events such as the earlier ones in Rome and Valencia. We acknowledge the important role played the Contact Point Embassies. Taking into account the Dialogue's progressive and non-discriminatory nature, we stand ready to consider means to continue and deepen the political and practical dimensions of our cooperative relations with all the Mediterranean partners.

Para. 50

We welcome Algeria's participation in the Dialogue, and are convinced that Algeria will contribute to furthering its aims, including by strengthening regional security and stability.

   
14-15 December 2000, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers /
M-NAC-2(2000)124
Para. 51

NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue is an essential part of the Alliance's cooperative approach to security, since security in the whole of Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We are pleased with the progress achieved so far with respect to the implementation of decisions on enhancing the Mediterranean Dialogue taken at the Washington Summit, and look forward to co-operation in the field of search and rescue, maritime safety, medical evacuation and humanitarian relief. We reaffirm the progressive nature of the Dialogue, and will continue to consider ways to strengthen the political and practical dimensions of our co-operative relations with all the Mediterranean partners in accordance with the Washington Summit decisions, in areas where NATO can bring an added value and where partners have expressed interest. We direct the Council in Permanent Session to report at our next meeting on the political and practical co-operation in the Dialogue. We hope that the Mediterranean Dialogue conference originally planned to take place in November will be rescheduled as soon as possible.

Para. 52

Although the Alliance is not involved in the Middle East Peace Process, we strongly support it and urge all participants to remain firmly committed to it.

   
29-30 May 2001, Budapest Hungary
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-1(2001)77
Para. 65

We reiterate our firm belief that security in the whole of Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We underline the importance we attach to our Mediterranean Dialogue, which is part of the Alliance's overall cooperative approach to security and reinforces and complements other international efforts.

Para. 66

We welcome the successful completion - in March 2001 - of the first round of visits by NATO Senior Officials to Mediterranean Dialogue countries. The visits were conducted with the aim of exchanging views on NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue, as well as getting a better appreciation of each Dialogue country's specific objectives and priorities. We encourage interest from Mediterranean Dialogue countries in political consultations and practical cooperation with our Alliance. In this regard, we look forward to establishing appropriate arrangements with all Mediterranean partners on the security of information.

Para. 67

We reaffirm the progressive nature of the Dialogue, and will continue to consider ways to strengthen the political and practical dimensions of our cooperative relations with all the Mediterranean partners in accordance with the Washington Summit decisions, in areas where NATO can bring an added value and where partners have expressed interest. We received today the progress report on the Mediterranean Dialogue and note with satisfaction the growing interaction between the Alliance and its Mediterranean partners.

   
6 - 7 December 2001, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers /
M-NAC-2(2001)158
Para. 11

We also appreciate the solidarity and support which our Partners, and in particular those in Central Asia and the Caucasus, have demonstrated in the international campaign against terrorism. We want to further broaden and strengthen cooperation in the framework of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) and the Partnership for Peace (PfP). We encourage all our Partners to seek a more active relationship with the Alliance. We also want to broaden and strengthen cooperation with our Mediterranean partners, and invite them to intensify their dialogue with us on security matters of common concern.

   
6 - 7 December 2001, Brussels, Belgium
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(2001)159 - Separate statement on terrorism
Para. 7

We applaud the unambiguous stand taken by our Mediterranean Dialogue partners, which have unreservedly condemned these attacks. We reaffirm our willingness to provide assistance, individually or collectively, as appropriate and according to our capabilities, to Allies and other states which are or may be subject to increased terrorist threats as a result of their support for the campaign against terrorism.

   
14 May 2002, Reykjavik,
Iceland
North Atlantic Council - Foreign Ministers / M-NAC-2(2002)59
Para. 15

We have decided to upgrade the political and practical dimensions of our Mediterranean Dialogue, including by consulting with Mediterranean partners on security matters of common concern, including terrorism-related issues, as appropriate. These efforts will aim to bring our Mediterranean partners even closer to NATO, and give fresh impetus to the Dialogue by the Prague Summit.

   
21 Nov. 2002, Prague,
Czech Rep.
North Atlantic Council - Heads of State and Government / (2001)127
Para. 10

We reaffirm that security in Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We therefore decide to upgrade substantially the political and practical dimensions of our Mediterranean Dialogue as an integral part of the Alliance’s cooperative approach to security. In this respect, we encourage intensified practical cooperation and effective interaction on security matters of common concern, including terrorism-related issues, as appropriate, where NATO can provide added value. We reiterate that the Mediterranean Dialogue and other international efforts, including the EU Barcelona process, are complementary and mutually reinforcing.