Updated: 15-Oct-2007 Index



NATO's role in Kosovo

A historical overview

Kosovo lies in southern Serbia and has a mixed population of which the majority are ethnic Albanians. Until 1989, the region enjoyed a high degree of autonomy within the former Yugoslavia, when Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic altered the status of the region, removing its autonomy and bringing it under the direct control of Belgrade, the Serbian capital. The Kosovar Albanians strenuously opposed the move.

See also:
Operation Allied Force - 23 March-10 June 1999 

NATO intervened in Kosovo to halt a humanitarian catastrophe and restore stability in a strategic region lying between Alliance member states. Despite strains, the Alliance held together during 78 days of air strikes in which more than 38,000 sorties - 10,484 of them strike sorties - were flown without a single Allied fatality.

See also:

  • Operation Allied Force: Operational updates, transcripts of the morning and afternoon press briefings, maps, aerial views, videos and high resolution photos
Operation Joint Guardian (KFOR) - 11 June 1999-

NATO forms the core of the international peacekeeping mission to Kosovo, or Kosovo Force (KFOR), in which some 46,000 military personnel from 39 countries are deployed. The mission is seeking to build a secure environment within the Serbian province in which all citizens, irrespective of their ethnic origins, can live in peace and, with international aid, democracy can begin to grow.

See also:

"Kosovo One Year On: Achievement and Challenge"

Report by Lord Robertson of Port Ellen, Secretary General of NATO, one year later (21 March 2000)

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