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Last updated: 02-Feb-2004 12:28 7 Invitees - Lithuania

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Lithuania - NATO
Chronology of key events

1990

March 11 The Parliament votes to re-establish the independence of Lithuania.

1991

January 13 Soviet military action against the country’s independence. Fourteen Lithuanians die when paratroopers open fire and tanks run over peaceful protestors outside the TV tower in Vilnius.

February 11 NATO member Iceland recognizes Lithuanian independence.

July 29 The Treaty on the Foundations of Inter-State Relations between Lithuania and Russia, recognizing Lithuania’s independence, signed in Moscow

September 17 Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are admitted to the United Nations.

December 20 Lithuania participates in the first meeting of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) as a founding member.

1992

March 13-16 The first visit by a NATO Secretary General, Manfred Wörner, to the Baltic States takes place at the invitation of the Governments of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

April 10 The first meeting of the NATO Military Committee in Cooperation Session with Chiefs of Defence and General Staff of the Central and Eastern European States is held.

May 11 First visit of the Foreign Ministers of the Baltic States to NATO HQ.

September 23 First visit to NATO by a Lithuanian Head of State, Prof. Vytautas Landsbergis.

1993

February 9 AFNORTH Commander Gen. Garry Johnson visits Lithuania.

August 31 Russia completes the withdrawal of its troops from Lithuania.

December 15 Presidents of the Baltic States announce their commitment to Baltic-Nordic cooperation and declare the goal of NATO membership as being in the best security interests of their countries.

December 23 The Parliament adopts a resolution calling for NATO membership and development of foreign policy guidelines.

1994

January 4 In a letter to NATO Secretary General Manfred Wörner, President Algirdas Brazauskas officially requests Lithuanian membership in NATO.

January 27 Lithuania joins the Partnership for Peace Programme and signs the PfP Framework Document at NATO HQ.

August First Lithuanian infantry platoon (LITPLA-1) deployed to international operation (UNPROFOR II in Croatia) within a Danish battalion.

November 30 Lithuania’s first PfP Partnership Programme with NATO is formally accepted.

1995

May 2 Lithuania’s first Planning and Review Process (PARP) is approved at a NATO Political-Military Committee + 1 meeting.

December 20 Lithuanian platoon (LITPLA-3) joins NATO-led operation (IFOR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1996

December 19 A Law on National Security, indicating integration into Euro-Atlantic structures as the top priority of Lithuanian foreign and security policy, is adopted by Parliament.

1997

August 1 The Lithuanian Mission to NATO is established.

October 9 Former (and current) Defence Minister Mr. Linas Linkevicius is appointed as Ambassador of Lithuania to NATO.

1998

January 16 Presidents of the United States, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia sign the U.S.- Baltic Charter in Washington. The main goals are to support the full integration of the Baltic States into European and trans-Atlantic structures.

April 2 Polish President Aleksandr Kwasniewski announces Poland’s strong support for Lithuanian membership in NATO.

1999

January 14 The Parliament approves a plan for increasing the state defense budget to 2% of the GDP over a two-year period.

April A NATO Information and international security library is opened at Martynas Mazvydas national library in Vilnius.

April 23-25 NATO leaders launch the Membership Action Plan at the Washington Summit, specifically designed to provide advice and feedback to countries aspiring to join the Alliance.

April 29 An inter-agency Co-ordination Commission for the Integration into NATO is established. The Commission is tasked to prepare a national NATO Integration Program.

2000

May 18-19 Nine Foreign Ministers of the NATO aspirant countries establish the Vilnius Group in the capital city of Lithuania during a conference on ''NATO's Role in the Changing Security Environment in Europe". The ministers adopt a Joint Declaration on NATO Enlargement. NATO Secretary General George Robertson participates at the Vilnius conference.

November 17 Mr. Giedrius Cekuolis is appointed Chief Coordinator of Lithuania’s integration into the NATO.

2001

January 25 Ms. Ginte Damusis is appointed as Ambassador of Lithuania to NATO and the WEU.

May 10-11 The Vilnius Group enlarges by admitting Croatia and becomes the Vilnius 10 at a meeting of Prime Ministers in Bratislava.

May 23 Lithuanian political parties in Parliament conclude an agreement on defense policy, which mandates that 2 per cent of Lithuania’s GDP be committed for defense expenditures through 2004.

May 27-31 The NATO Parliamentary Assembly holds its Spring Session in Vilnius with the participation of NATO Secretary General George Robertson.

September 11 Lithuania condemns the acts of terror in the U.S. and announces its readiness to provide practical assistance.

September 12 Within hours of the North Atlantic Council’s decision to invoke Article V, Lithuania delivers a statement on behalf of the Vilnius Group agreeing that the September 11 attack against the United States was an attack not only against the U.S., but on our common values. The Vilnius Group countries pledge their active support in the fight against terrorism.

December 6-7 Foreign Ministers of the Vilnius Group make a joint statement on terrorism during the EAPC ministerial meeting in Brussels.

2002

January 17 During a meeting with President Valdas Adamkus, U.S. President George W. Bush affirms U.S. support for NATO enlargement for “all those nations ready to meet NATO requirements and to contribute to common security ”.

May 28 The Parliament adopts a National Security Strategy reiterating NATO and EU membership as strategic goals.

November 21-22 Lithuania, as well as Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, is invited to start accession negotiations with NATO.

November 22-23 U.S. President George W. Bush pays an official visit to Lithuania. Before thousands of well-wishers at Town Hall Square in Vilnius, George W. Bush states that “anyone who would choose Lithuania as an enemy has also made an enemy of the United States of America. In the face of aggression, the brave people of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia will never again stand alone. ”

2003

January 10 Lithuania begins the first round of accession talks with NATO officials in Brussels.

March 17 Minister of Foreign Affairs Antanas Valionis sends a letter to NATO Secretary General George Robertson confirming Lithuania’s willingness to accept all obligations and commitments stemming from the North Atlantic Treaty and to meet the requirements of NATO membership.

March 26 Permanent Representatives of the 19 NATO member countries sign Protocols of Accession, paving the way for Lithuania and other NATO invitees to join the Alliance.

October 30 Representatives of NATO member states and Lithuania discuss the fifth and final Annual National Programme of Lithuania in the MAP cycle before full membership in 2004.