December 1991 NATO Rome Summit. Creation of the North Atlantic Co-operation
Council. Estonia is one of the founding members.
March 1992 NATO Secretary General Manfred Wörner visits Estonia.
November 1992 President Lennart Meri visits NATO Headquarters in Brussels.
October 1993 Prime Minister Mart Laar meets with NATO Secretary
Manfred Wörner at NATO Headquarters.
January 1994 The Partnership for Peace (PfP) Programme
is approved at
NATO ’s Brussels Summit and a new security policy is defined.
February 1994 Estonia joins the PfP Programme and signs the PfP Framework
Document. The individual partner programme is signed in June 1995.
January 1995 NATO launches a Planning and Review Process
under the auspices of PfP, which Estonia joins.
1996 Estonia begins preparations for accession negotiations
NATO in 16+1 format, which are called Intensified Dialogue meetings.
January 1996 NATO Secretary General Javier Solana and Estonian Prime
Minister Tiit Vähi meet in Brussels.
April 1996 NATO Secretary General Javier Solana visits Estonia.
May 1996 The Riigikogu (Parliament) endorses the
Guidelines of the National Defence Policy and the goal of NATO accession
is approved by the Parliament.
NATO membership as a separate goal is inserted into all relevant Government
September 1996 The Presidents of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania promise
all necessary steps in helping their countries fulfil the criteria
set for admission as full-fledged members of NATO.
May 1997 The NACC is replaced by the Euro-Atlantic Partnership
Council (EAPC). Estonia joins the EAPC.
June 1997 The Foreign and Defence Ministers of Estonia, Latvia and
Lithuania participate in the 14th International NATO Conference on
Political and Military decision-making. They call for the enlargement
process to remain open and call for NATO to determine clear criteria
for new members.
July 1997 NATO Madrid Summit. The Czech Republic, Hungary and
Poland are invited to start accession talks. The concluding communiqué approves
the continuation of the enlargement process. The successful progress
and co-operation of the Baltic States is recognized.
1997 Estonia hosts the first PfP training session Baltic Challenge
with participants from 8 nations.
June 1998 NATO Secretary General Javier Solana on a
visit to Estonia
expresses NATO’s wish to co-operate with the Baltic States as potential
new member states.
February 1999 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania’s presidents
sign a joint
statement in Tallinn calling for NATO enlargement to the Baltic States.
April 1999 NATO Washington Summit. Estonia is officially mentioned as
a potential new member state. The Membership Action Plan (MAP) process
is launched to help the nine potential new member states to prepare for
May 2000 NATO Secretary General George Robertson on
a trip to Tallinn
affirms that a decision regarding NATO enlargement will be reviewed
February 2001 Creation of the Estonian Atlantic Treaty
March 2001 The Riigikogu (Parliament) endorses the focus of the
national security concept with integration and co-operation with NATO
being among the main directions of security policy.
June 2001 U.S. President George Bush’s speech at the University
Warsaw affirms the interest of the United States in NATO enlargement.
November 2001 NATO Secretary General George Robertson on a trip to Tallinn
states that Estonia is an “excellent candidate” for NATO membership.
April 2002 Prime Minister Siim Kallas visits NATO Headquarters
November 2002 NATO Prague Summit. Estonia is invited to begin accession
negotiations with NATO.
January-March 2003 Estonian accession negotiations.
March 2003 NATO Secretary General George Robertson speaks in Tallinn
at the Estonian Atlantic Treaty Association.
March 2003 NATO member nations sign NATO accession protocols for
Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.