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UN
Security
Council
3563rd Meeting
Resolution
S/RES/1009
August 10, 1995

Resolution 1009 (1995)


The Security Council,

  • Recalling all its previous resolutions on the conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and in particular resolutions 981 (1995) of 31 March 1995, 990 (1995) of 28 April 1995 and 994 (1995) of 17 May 1995,

  • Reaffirming the statements of its President of 3 and 4 August 1995 (S/PRST/1995/37 and S/PRST/1995/38) and deeply concerned that the demands set out therein have not yet been fully complied with by the Government of the Republic of Croatia,

  • Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 3 August 1995 (S/1995/650) and his letter of 7 August 1995 (S/1995/666),

  • Noting with concern reports of violations of resolution 713 (1991) of 25 September 1991 as reflected in the Secretary-General's report of 3 August 1995,

  • Deeply regretting the breakdown of the talks which began in Geneva on 3 August 1995,

  • Affirming its commitment to the search for an overall negotiated settlement of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia ensuring the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all the States there within their internationally recognized borders, stressing the importance it attaches to the mutual recognition thereof, and in this context welcoming all international efforts to facilitate a negotiated solution to the conflict in the Republic of Croatia,

  • Strongly deploring the broad military offensive launched on 4 August 1995 by the Government of the Republic of Croatia, thereby unacceptably escalating the conflict, with the risk of further consequent attacks by whatever party,

  • Condemning the shelling of civilian targets,

  • Deeply concerned at the grave situation of persons displaced from their homes as a result of the conflict and at reports of violations of international humanitarian law,

  • Stressing the need to protect the rights of the local Serb population,

  • Condemning in the strongest terms the unacceptable acts by Croatian Government forces against personnel of the United Nations peace-keeping forces, including those which have resulted in the death of a Danish member of those forces and two Czech members and expressing its condolences to the Governments concerned,

  • Noting the agreement between the Republic of Croatia and the United Nations Peace Forces signed on 6 August 1995 (S/1995/666, annex III) and stressing the need for the Government of the Republic of Croatia to adhere strictly to its provisions,

  • Reaffirming its determination to ensure the security and freedom of movement of the personnel of the United Nations peace-keeping operations in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and, to these ends, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,


  1. Demands that the Government of the Republic of Croatia cease immediately all military actions and that there be full compliance with all Council resolutions, including resolution 994 (1995);

  2. Demands further that the Government of the Republic of Croatia, in conformity with internationally recognized standards and in compliance with the agreement of 6 August 1995 between the Republic of Croatia and the United Nations Peace Forces (a) respect fully the rights of the local Serb population including their rights to remain, leave or return in safety, (b) allow access to this population by international humanitarian organizations, and (c) create conditions conducive to the return of those persons who have left their homes;

  3. Reminds the Government of the Republic of Croatia of its responsibility to allow access for representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross to members of the local Serb forces who are detained by the Croatian Government forces;

  4. Reiterates that all those who commit violations of international humanitarian law will be held individually responsible in respect of such acts;

  5. Requests the Secretary-General in cooperation with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the International Committee of the Red Cross and other relevant international humanitarian institutions to assess the humanitarian situation of the local Serb population including the problem of refugees and displaced persons, and to report thereon as soon as possible;

  6. Demands that the Government of the Republic of Croatia fully respect the status of United Nations personnel, refrain from any attacks against them, bring to justice those responsible for any such attacks, and ensure the safety and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel at all times, and requests the Secretary-General to keep the Council informed of steps taken and decisions rendered in this regard;

  7. Urges the parties and others concerned to exercise maximum restraint in and around Sector East and requests the Secretary-General to keep the situation there under review;

  8. Reminds all parties of their obligation to comply fully with the provisions of resolution 816 (1993) of 31 March 1993;

  9. Reiterates its call for a negotiated settlement which guarantees the rights of all communities and urges the Government of the Republic of Croatia to resume talks under the auspices of the Co-Chairmen of the Steering Committee of the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia;

  10. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council within three weeks of the adoption of this resolution on the implementation of this resolution and on the implications of the situation for UNCRO and expresses its readiness to consider promptly his recommendations in relation to UNCRO;

  11. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter and to consider further measures to achieve compliance with this resolution.


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