The Parties to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina
express their determination to provide the political leadership necessary to ensure the complete fulfilment of the spirit and the letter of the Agreement, which provides a comprehensive framework within which to build peace, and of the commitments made at Rome on February 18, 1996. Full implementation by all Parties is an essential prerequisite for the return of normal, peaceful, and democratic life to the region and for the process of reconciliation. The Partiesí performance on a broad range of implementation issues will be considered at the Contact Group Ministerial to be held on March 23 in Moscow.
- The Parties commit themselves to build upon the accomplishments of the first three
months of implementation to establish conditions for free and fair elections by September
1996 as required in the Agreement. To fulfill their obligations, the Parties will work closely
with the Organization for Security and Co-operaion in Europe (OSCE) mission in Bosnia and
Herzegovina to implement its strategy for democratization.
In particular, they commit themselves to improve compliance with provisions that affect the
daily life of persons. Basic human rights, in particular freedom of movement, freedom of
association, and the right of resettlement must be honoured fully. Access to electronic and
print media for all recognized political groupings is an absolute prerequisite for successful
elections and for the building of a viable constitutional order. Encouragement of tolerance,
respect for rights of others, respect for private property, and the suppression of violence
against persons are major tasks.
The Parties note that a comprehensive compliance review will be provided by the High
Representative to the Moscow Contact Group Ministerial on March 23, based on his report
to the U.N. Secretary General. In Moscow, Ministers of the Contact Group will discuss
appropriate measures in cases of non-compliance with the Agreement during the first phase
- The Parties share the deep concern expressed by the members of the Contact Group
participating in this meeting over developments in the area of Sarajevo, including violence,
destruction, and threats toward citizens in areas transferred to the Federation. The High
Representative will continue his dialogue on the future of Sarajevo within the framework of
the Joint civil Commission for Sarajevo, based on the Rome Statement of February 18, 1996.
These discussions will cover all issues that must be solved in order to secure Sarajevo as a
city for Bosniacs, Serbs, Croats, and Others, and as the capital and seat of the future common
institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The principles outlined below apply throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina:
- All those who have departed their homes may return to them. Private property will
be fully respected and protected. Apartments that are socially owned will be left
available to those who have the right to reside in them and who reoccupy them within
six months. Necessary changes in existing legislation will be made promptly.
- All responsible authorities will take action to prevent unlawful acts in transferred
territories and to ensure that all residents may remain safely in their homes and that
the perpetrators of criminal activities will be punished promptly.
As of March 18, IFOR has intensified its patrols in Sarajevo. Consistent with the
February 18, 1996 Rome Statement on Sarajevo, the multi-ethnic police force under Federation jurisdiction will increase its security presence, with monitoring by the IPTF.
The Republika Srpska will encourage and facilitate the return of Serbs to Sarajevo.
- Before the Contact Group Ministerial on March 23, the Bosnian Parties will release
all persons still detained in relation to the conflict and registered by the ICRC, with the sole
exception of those whose detention the International Tribunal has requested by then.
- Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Federation, and the Republika Srpska
will participate in the Working Group on Missing Persons fully, promptly, at high levels, and
as directed by the ICRC.
- Satisfactory compliance with the military aspects of the Agreement has established a
framework of security and predictability within which to build civilian structure. The Parties
pledge full respect for all provisions, including those pertaining to the presence of foreign
military forces; this continues themselves to carry out fully the additional measures set forth
in Annex I-A of the Agreement, including the withdrawal of heavy weapons and forces to
cantonment and barracks areas and the demobilization of forces that cannot be accommodated
in those areas.
- Full co-operaion with the work of the International Tribunal remains an essential
condition for a lasting peace. It is expected that by the end of the month: (1) the Croatian
authorities will arrange for indicted General Tibomir Blaskic to submit himself to the
Tribunal; and (2) the FRY authorities will arrange the transfer to the Tribunal of the two
persons now detained in the FRY in connection with the mass killings near Srebrenica in
July 1995. The Parties will facilitate access and investigations by the Tribunal and will ensure
that mass graves and other sites of interest to the Tribunal remain undisturbed. When
requested, they will provide security and other assistance to facilitate the Tribunalís access and ensure the performance of its tasks.
- To ensure the full support of the media in the election process, authorities of the High
Representative and the two Entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina will by April 15 complete and
disseminate under the auspices of the OSCE standards ensuring that journalists can perform
their professional functions. These standards will also ensure that all parties, including
candidates for office, have access to relevant electronic and print media. The Bosnian parties
will ensure that licenses and frequencies for such media shall be granted expeditiously on the
basis of objective, non-political criteria.
- The Parties will accelerate the process of normalization of relations. To that end:
- the Governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
have agreed to resume commercial air travel between their countries and will further
conclude co-operaive arrangements for trade between their countries, transport routes
through the FRY into Bosnia and Herzegovina, telephone service, and railroads.
- the Governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
will at the March 23 Contact Group Ministerial meeting in Moscow continue
discussions leading toward the establishment of full diplomatic relations.
- the Governments of the Republic of Croatia and of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
will build upon the substantial progress made in ministerial talks last week toward
further normalization of relations between the two countries.
- The Parties will instruct all local officials and governmental officers to facilitate the
return of refugees and displaced persons to each individualís choice of destination. Such
returns may not be used to affect the result of arbitration concerning disputed areas, as called
for by the General Framework Agreement.
The Government of the Republic of Croatia and the authorities in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja,
and Western Sirmium will carry out projects for the voluntary return of any person, regardless
of ethnicity. The Government of Croatia will expeditiously approve requests by Serb refugees
from Croatia who wish to return to their homes.
The Parties will facilitate the work of the Commission for Displaced Persons and Refugees
established pursuant to the Dayton Agreement. The Commission will meet March 20 in
- The Parties reiterated their conviction that the success of the Bosniac-Croat Federation
is essential to stable peace in the region.
The President and Vice-President of the Federation, supported by the President of Croatia and the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, expressed concern over recent developments in the Federation and stressed their determination to implement fully the commitments made at Rome. They recognize that the international donor community will be motivated to assist in
the reconstruction of areas within the Federation only if its authorities implement Federation
agreements. Cantons and municipalities will only be beneficiaries of financial assistance once
these units have been established and are fully operational.
They agreed that further progress in the Federation requires close attention to details at the
local and regional levels. In particular, steps will be taken to eliminate duplication of
governmental institutions such as post, customs, tax, and police and to install support for the
Federation at all levels of government, including by the appointment of officials at all levels
who are supportive of the Federation. They expressed their determination to improve security
in Federation territory; to establish routes into the Federation from all directions; and to
eliminate restrictions on freedom of movement, including all checkpoints. They welcome the
actions of IFOR near Mostar on March 17; such actions will contribute to freedom of
movement throughout the Federation.
The Federation Parties reiterate their support for the European Union Administrator of Mostar
and will without delay conduct elections so that local officials will be democratically elected.
The Federation Parties welcome the invitation of the Government of Germany to meet in
Bonn on March 28, where Federation authorities will report on the implementation of their
commitments and commit themselves to regular, high-level meetings under international
auspices to take further steps on the Federation and to monitor their implementation of agreed