Exercise "Trans-Carpathia 2000"
Exercise "Trans-Carpathia 2000" was the first NATO/PfP Exercise, in which the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC) practiced and evaluated planned procedures for the coordination of disaster assistance and Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit (EADRU) capabilities. The Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chernobyl Catastrophe (MoE of Ukraine) hosted the exercise.
The exercise aim was to practice EADRCC procedures and EADRU capabilities in order to improve the EAPC ability to respond to disasters
The exercise simulated major floods in the Trans-Carpathian Oblast (Uzhgorod) in the western part of Ukraine, necessitating international disaster assistance. The scenario was built upon actual experience and lessons learned by Ukraine and the EADRCC in dealing with the major flooding in the Trans-Carpathian region two years ago.
The Ukrainian part of Carpathia, especially the Trans-Carpathian region, is one of the areas of Europe with the highest precipitation intensity. In the region, there are 9.426 rivers and creeks (with a hydrological density of 1.7 km per km2). This river density can produce floods leading to emergency situations at any time of the year. The four main rivers (Tisa, Borzhava, Latorica, and Uzh) flowing through the area have more than 100 km of length. The ecosystem of the Trans-Carpathia forest plays an important rôle in water regulation and water protection.
The exercise was conducted in two phases. Phase one as a Command Post Exercise (CPX) and phase two as a Field Exercise (FieldEx). The CPX took place from 20 - 22 September and the FieldEx from 26 - 28 September 2000.
The first part of the exercise was aimed at improving planned procedures following a request for international assistance from a stricken country. It was conducted at the EADRCC/NATO HQ in Brussels, MoE of Ukraine in Kiev, the Local Emergency Management Authority (LEMA) in Uzhgorod, in Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) capitals, and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) at Geneva.
The CPX was followed by a FieldEx located in the Trans-Carpathian region near the city of Uzhgorod. It included a simulated flood response exercise by disaster response elements from EAPC countries operating as an EADRU assisting Ukraine disaster relief elements.
Activities were performed on several "working stations" such as:
For the Field Exercise Phase of Exercise "Trans-Carpathia 2000" the MoE of Ukraine had developed a Distinguished Visitors and Observers programme. The observers programme was conducted on 26 and 27 September 2000 and included an information day on the management of the floods that affected the Trans-Carpathian region in November 1998.
Participating countries in the FieldEx were Austria, Belarus, Croatia, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and Ukraine as the host nation as well as NATO/CEPD/EADRCC and UN/OCHA Geneva as International Organizations.
More information about the Exercise "Trans-Carpathia 2000" can be obtained from the EADRCC.