|Updated: 15-Jun-2004||NATO Speeches|
17 May 2004
Speech by NATO Secretary General, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am delighted to speak at this meeting organised by the New Defence Agenda. Once again, Giles Merritt has done an exceptional job, not only in bringing together the right people, but also in asking the right questions.
We are just a few weeks away now from NATO’s Summit meeting in Istanbul. Like all summits, it will be an important moment in the evolution in our Alliance, and I would be very happy if the world’s attention was exclusively on our meeting. But I know better. The NATO Summit will cap a month of intensive, top-level diplomatic activity, including the G-8 meeting, the U.S.-EU Summit and the Normandy commemoration. So our Summit will have distinct goals and accomplishments, but will be part of a wider picture. In today’s fluid strategic environment, this is as it must be. NATO will act with its partners and other international organisations to defend against new threats in a new way – by projecting stability.
For the transatlantic community, projecting stability has become the precondition for our security. Territorial defence remains a core function, but we simply can no longer protect our security without addressing the potential risks and threats that arise far from our homes. Either we tackle these problems when and where they emerge, or they will end up on our doorstep.
The Istanbul Summit will demonstrate how the new NATO projects stability.
My first priority for Istanbul – NATO’s priority – is Afghanistan. The importance of Afghanistan for our security is clear. Afghanistan may be halfway around the world, but its success matters to our security right here.
That is why NATO’s Governments have committed to Afghanistan. Since NATO took command of ISAF last August, things have turned for the better. Thanks to ISAF’s patrols, Kabul is safer than it has ever been. We are helping to secure heavy weapons in the capital. We have now started to expand our presence beyond Kabul. We are helping to retrain Afghan fighters, to help them reintegrate into civilian life. In short, NATO’s presence is making a tangible difference.
But we need to do more. I intend to be able to announce, at our Summit, and alongside 26 Heads of State and Government, that we will further expand our presence in Afghanistan, by increasing the number of Provincial Reconstruction Teams. I want NATO to play a strong role in supporting the elections that the UN is organising for later this year.
I want NATO to be able to say to President Karzai,
and the Afghan people, that the Alliance is helping them towards
a better future. A future of peace and security. A future of
increasing prosperity. And a future where their country is
contributing to international security, rather than threatening
it. And let me say – I am confident that this is achievable.
At Istanbul, we will enhance our Partnerships to deliver more. We will concentrate more on defence reform to help some of our partners continue with their democratic transitions. We will also focus on increasing our co-operation with the Caucasus and Central Asia – areas that once seemed very far away, but that we now know are essential to our security right here.
One crucial Partner is Russia. The NATO-Russia relationship alone is a vital bridge of security across Europe. Both NATO and Russia are safer now that we are partners. We are working on a range of projects, including on terrorism, proliferation, civil emergency planning and military–to-military co-operation. I visited Moscow recently, and I told President Putin that I hope the conditions will be right for him to come to Istanbul.
Ukraine is another vital partner. It‘s geographic position alone makes its success a key strategic goal. We are and will remain closely engaged with this nation; helping them build their democracy and helping build our mutual security. We want to help Ukraine to integrate further into our Euro Atlantic Community.
NATO is also working hard on building stronger relationships with the Mediterranean countries and is reaching out to countries in the wider region.
No one today can doubt that these regions matter. Demographics, economics, and trans-national threats create an ever-closer interdependence between us.
Last week, my Deputy went to countries in the region, in order to explore the best way forward. We want to hear what these countries have to say. What they want in terms of dialogue and co-operation. Above all, we want to engage the countries in the region. And to make sure that there is “joint ownership” of any new co-operative efforts to enhance our common security.
This is an ambitious undertaking. While the strategic necessity of our engagement is not in doubt, some may say that with things as they are in the Middle East, it is not the right time. Others argue, more persuasively, that we have no time to lose. The Group of Eight and the European Union are also considering new initiatives, and we will need to complement each other’s efforts. The time has come to build new bridges to this pivotal region.
Let me add a word about Iraq. Our Summit will take place just 48 hours before a new interim government is expected to be established in Baghdad. Iraq will be in the news, and it will certainly remain on our agenda. But, as we all know, developments there are fast paced. I cannot speculate now on what the situation will look like at the end of June. That depends on a range of variables, including necessary Security Council action, events on the ground, and last but not least the nature and views of the new government. Many Allies have forces committed in Iraq, and NATO will continue to support the Multinational Division and follow events closely. Beyond that, I cannot rule out, or predict, possible decisions by the Alliance.
Istanbul will certainly also highlight the strategic value of a strong partnership between NATO and the EU. Clearly, as NATO continues to transform, and the EU is finding its own distinct role as a security actor, our relationship will continue to evolve as well. We welcome a European Security and Defence Policy as a means to enhance Europe’s contribution to our common security.
At Istanbul, we expect to announce that NATO’s mission in Bosnia – SFOR – can be successfully concluded at the end of the year. The EU has already stated that it would be ready to deploy a mission into Bosnia, in full co-operation with the Alliance, and with NATO’s continuing support.
This will be a major step forward in a NATO-EU relationship that is increasingly guided by pragmatism, close consultation, and transparency. And it will help to advance NATO-EU co-operation in other critical areas, notably in combating terrorism and preventing proliferation.
The likely assumption by the EU of additional security responsibilities in Bosnia, plus NATO’s growing engagement in Afghanistan, has led some to believe that NATO might depart from the scene in the Balkans. We will not. We will retain a NATO presence in Bosnia even after the handover to the EU. We will continue to help the country in its defence reforms. Because our goal remains to welcome both Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as Serbia and Montenegro in our Partnership for Peace programme in due course.
Our commitment to Kosovo also remains unflinching.
Kosovo remains an enormous challenge. But the recent outbreaks
of violence have only strengthened our resolve to see this
through. When violence flared up in Mid-March, we were able
to quickly reinforce our presence and put out the flames. And
we are now far more deeply engaged in the political process
than ever before. There simply is no trade-off between our
missions in the Balkans and Afghanistan. We can do both. Indeed,
we are doing both.
But transformation means more than new military hardware. It also means deployability and usability. I intend to ensure that when nations agree to a mission, we also have the forces we need to carry it out. Our credibility depends on delivering on our promises. And better force generation and force planning procedures are critical in this regard. I will set out my ideas on this subject in more detail in the coming weeks.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Our Istanbul Summit will bring home that NATO is tackling the new challenges of the 21st century. It will bring home that the new NATO, the NATO of 26 members, is an Alliance that acts. It acts in the Balkans and Afghanistan, where our troops make the difference between war and peace. It acts in the Mediterranean, where our ships engage in anti-terrorist operations. It acts together with Partners – old and perhaps new Partners. And it co-operates ever more closely with other international institutions.
That is the new NATO we will showcase in Istanbul: An Alliance in which Europe and North America are consulting every day on the key security issues before them. Acting together, in the field, to defend our shared security. And reaching out to build security where it is needed. Because in a dangerous world, business as usual is not an option.