Summit Edition

Table of Contents


No 4 - July-Aug. 97
Volume 45

NATO Review Cover


Focus on NATO

  1. Summary of the meeting of Allied and Partner Heads of State and Government under the aegis of the EAPC.

  2. NATO's information efforts in Russia

  3. Major milestones in NATO-Russia relations

  4. NATO's Information Centre in Kyiv

  5. NATO course on international security for Bosnian military and defence officials

  6. Allies welcome Spain's intention to join military structure.


Documentation

  1. Madrid Declaration on Euro-Atlantic Security and Cooperation

  2. Special Declaration on Bosnia and Herzegovina

  3. Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between NATO and Ukraine

  4. Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between NATO and the Russian Federation.

  5. Basic Document of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council

  6. Ministerial Meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Sintra, Portugal, 29 May 1997

  7. Meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Defence Ministers Session, 12 and 13 June 1997

Letter by the Secretary General: 'Building a new NATO for a new Europe' 'Accession of new members to the Alliance: What are the next steps?' by Gebhardt von Moltke In Madrid, NATO Heads of State and Government invited the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to start accession talks with the aim of joining the Alliance in 1999. They also confirmed that the Alliance remains open to other countries joining in future. Between now and their entry into the Alliance, these three new democracies will be thoroughly prepared to meet the responsibilities and obligations of membership. In particular, they will undergo practical preparations to ensure their fullest participation in NATO's command and force structures. These procedures will ensure that the Alliance's overall goal of strengthening security for all of Europe can be achieved.

'Deepening partnership: The key to long-term stability in Europe' by Sergio Balanzino NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme opened up huge opportunities for cooperation between the Alliance and non-NATO countries in Europe, far exceeding initial hopes. By strengthening PfP significantly, the Alliance now aims to engage partners fully at the military level while giving them greater say in the direction of the partnership. The new Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) will provide a mechanism for deeper consultation among partners as well as a framework in which this enhanced PfP can develop. Both initiatives will deepen relations between NATO and the partners so they can meet the security challenges of the future.

'NATO and Russia: A natural partnership' by Ulrich Brandenburg The NATO-Russia Founding Act firmly establishes the basis for a permanent security partnership between the two sides, laying to rest the notion that they were forever destined to be adversaries. The signing of the Act, which took place in Paris on 27 May, does not mean that differences of policy or outlook will vanish overnight. But these differences can lessen over time through a process of broad, regular consultations on political and security matters within the newly-created Permanent Joint Council. The main task is to give life to the document by exploiting to the full the new opportunities.

'Charter with NATO will help Ukraine regain its rightful place in Europe' by Donald McConnell The Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between NATO and Ukraine, signed at the Madrid summit on 9 July, opens up new opportunities for the two sides to consult and cooperate on political and security issues. The Charter demonstrates the Alliance's support for Ukraine as it regains its rightful place in Europe after a tragic past of foreign domination. But the new mechanisms provided by the Charter, in particular the NATO-Ukraine Commission which will meet periodically to find ways of pushing the relationship forward, must be put to full use if the partnership is to flourish.

'The Mediterranean dialogue: Dispelling misconceptions and building confidence' by Jette Nordam Simple geography means there will always be a link between security in Europe and that of the Mediterranean. NATO's dialogue with six non-NATO countries of the Mediterranean region, launched in 1995, aims to dispel possible misconceptions about the Alliance and to build confidence through greater transparency, discussion and cooperation. An important part of the Alliance's policy of partnership and cooperation, the Mediterranean dialogue has been given new political impetus by the Madrid Summit. The Mediterranean Cooperation Group, established by NATO Heads of State and Government in Madrid, will involve allied member states directly in bilateral political discussions with partners.

'Internal adaptation: Reshaping NATO for the challenges of tomorrow' by Anthony Cragg NATO's new missions of peacekeeping and crisis management, and the opportunity to build a new security architecture in Europe, have made fundamental changes in its structure an imperative. The Madrid Summit has provided the catalyst for work to reshape the Alliance's military posture towards smaller but more flexible and mobile forces, adapting the multinational command structure accordingly, and developing a European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) within NATO. The new structure will also have to be flexible enough to cater for the accession of new members and deepening cooperation with partner nations. This transformation of the Alliance will enable NATO to respond to the challenges of the new century.



Information on NATO Review

Editor: Keir Bonine
Acting Assistant Editors: Florence Cunningham
Production Assistant: Felicity Breeze

Published under the authority of the Secretary General, this magazine is intended to contribute to a constructive discussion of Atlantic problems. Articles, therefore, do not necessarily represent official opinion or policy of member governments or NATO.

Articles may be reproduced, after permission has been obtained from the Editor, provided mention is made of the 'NATO Review' and signed articles are reproduced with the author's name.

ISSN 0255-3813

Publisher: Chris Prebensen - NATO, 1110 Brussels, Belgium