Table of Contents


No 3 - May-June 97
Volume 45

NATO Review Cover
Front cover:Secretary General Javier Solana (right) and Russian Foreign Minister Yevgeni Primakov in Moscow on 15 April. (AP 39Kb)

Letter from the Secretary General

  1. The NATO-Russia relationship is a key feature of European security

Primakov & Solana Focus on NATO

  1. SFOR accomplishments

  2. NATO Secretary General visits Central Asia

  3. NATO Calendar 1997

1

New NATO, new Bundeswehr and
peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Volker Rühe

The new NATO is standing the test in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This NATO is renewing itself in spirit and structure. It is a NATO which is opening itself up to new members and leaving the door open to others; a NATO which is creating a deeper partnership with Russia and Ukraine. The commitment in Bosnia is proof of the vitality and capacity for reform of the Atlantic Alliance. Germany's contribution to this effort demonstrates that the reform of the Alliance and the reform of the Bundeswehr go hand in hand.


2

A changing NATO
Roland Smith

The Madrid Summit will take decisions which will fundamentally affect the future development of the Alliance. Some, such as the admission of new members, are already controversial. But they should come as no surprise: they are the results of a process of adaptation begun at the London Summit of 1990. This adaptation includes major reductions in force levels, a revised strategy, and political and military cooperation with former adversaries. This process will take another critical step forward at Madrid and will no doubt continue thereafter.


3

Of myths and illusions: Russian perceptions of NATO enlargement
Tatiana Parkhalina

The author argues that NATO enlargement has emerged as the overriding factor in Russian foreign policy due to the notion that there is a national consensus against it. As an issue the nation can rally around, NATO enlargement serves to shift the gaze away from Russia's real problems, which are primarily economic and social in nature. Russia's own interests would be better served through cooperative engagement with the main international institutions, including NATO, to meet the new challenges it faces.


4

EU and NATO enlargement:
How public opinion is shaping up
in some candidate countries

George Cunningham

As the issue of inviting new members to join both the European Union and NATO takes on increasing urgency, public attitudes in some of the prospective candidate countries are noteworthy. The following public opinion results from Central Europe and the Baltic states are drawn from the most recent Central and Eastern Eurobarometer, published by the European Commission in March 1997. The author is a European Commission official dealing with information policy towards Central Europe and writes in a personal capacity. The views expressed in this article do not commit the European Commission or NATO in any way.


5

Not if but how: Sweden's future relations with NATO
Ann-Sofie Dahl

Sweden is an active participant in NATO's Partnership for Peace programme and in the NATO-led peacekeeping operation in Bosnia, yet it continues to adhere to a policy of non-alignment. This leads many to wonder what purpose non-alignment still serves in the post-Cold War era. The author argues that it is time for a thorough appraisal of Swedish security policy, including addressing what its future relationship with the Alliance will be, particularly as NATO evolves and enlarges.

6

The State to State
Partnership Programme

Lt. Colonel Michael Fleming

Creative national approaches to Partnership for Peace are helping to forge strong links between NATO allies and their Central and Eastern European partners. NATO encourages allies to develop activities "in the spirit of" PfP which offer partners increased opportunities to get acquainted with the militaries, governments and educational processes of the member states. One of the most successful of these activities is the United States National Guard-sponsored State Partnership Programme.


8

International responses to complex emergencies
Why a new approach is needed

John Mackinlay & Randolph Kent

NATO countries, individually or collectively, are becoming increasingly involved in humanitarian crises and civil conflicts across the globe. They have often responded promptly to pleas for help by providing contingents to ad hoc international forces and mounting diplomatic initiatives. Frequently however the scale and complexity of emergencies overwhelm the international community's will and ability to respond. The authors of this article argue that the search for a solution to many crises requires a new approach in today's world with the international community abandoning some long-held dogmas. John Mackinlay is a senior lecturer at the Department of War Studies, King's College, London. Randolph Kent is the project director of "Humanitarian Futures", a US government-funded research project. Both authors are research consultants on the Centre for Defence Studies project, "Complex Emergencies", at King's College.

7

NACC's five years of strengthening cooperation
Robert Weaver

The North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) has fulfilled its initial mandate by making an essential contribution to the developing European security system and to NATO's relations with other European states. It has played a key part in NATO's adaptation to the new security environment. Its activities were designed to help partners in the far-reaching democratic transformation process of institutional, political, economic and defence reform. It also laid the foundations for the creation of Partnership for Peace as the next logical step in the process of ever-deepening cooperation between NATO and partner countries. Experience gathered in NACC is now playing a vital role in work to substantively enhance cooperation between NATO and its partners in a proposed new Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council.


9

NATO and the ICRC:
A partnership serving the victims of armed conflicts

Thierry Germond

The working relationship between NATO and the ICRC which began in Bosnia has developed into a productive partnership. This partnership is characteristic of the complementary roles which military and humanitarian missions have taken on in recent years. The author argues, however, that better mutual understanding of the two organisations is necessary in the new security environment.


10

Giving teeth to the Biological Weapons Convention
Sir Michael Weston

Governments throughout the world are now treating the proliferation of biological weapons as a real threat to international security, which must be tackled effectively. The Fourth Review Conference of the States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention, held in Geneva from 25 November to 6 December last year, was an important step in this process. Sir Michael Weston, UK Ambassador to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, was President of the Conference and here assesses its outcome.