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Turčija: intervju z obrambnim ministrom Yilmazom

Turkey: interview

with Defense Minister Yilmaz

Minister Yilmaz, 2012

represents the 60th anniversary

of Turkey joining NATO.

How would you say

NATO is perceived in Turkey,

both by the politicians

and the public in general?

Through joining NATO in 1952

Turkey determined its direction

and its security

as the same as the West’s.

This was not a decision

Turkey took only in 1952,

this was the consequence

of Turkey supporting Western values.

Let’s not say Western,

universal values,

which are democracy, human rights

and core values of human rights

based on the rule of law, with the

West in the last two hundred years

and with the values

that the West supports,

seeking for its security

within the West.

Therefore, for Turkey NATO

means turning towards the West.

An expression of heading towards

core human rights and the rule of law.

You head towards the direction

where you see your own security.

Turkey’s security is in the West,

Turkey’s preference is

also the West.

Your preferences indicate

where you want to join.

With Turkey joining NATO in 1952,

Turkey showed that

its fundamental choice is West, NATO.

Among the public

there is a perception

that NATO provides

enough security to Turkey.

Therefore, the public is pleased.

Even in 1952, earlier times,

Turkey joined NATO with the joint

agreement of the party in power

and the main opposition party.

Therefore, there is

no discrimination among the public.

Again, for today as well as in terms

of reaching to universal values

and for the Turkey, who is seeking

her for its security in the West.

In Turkey there is an agreement

with a big majority

that believes that NATO is the right

organisation for Turkey’s defence.

Do you feel that, following

the upheaval in North Africa

and the Middle East, starting

in 2011 and continuing into 2012,

makes Turkey’s position

in the Mediterranean

far more important geopolitically?

Middle Eastern and

East-Mediterranean countries

have been the cradle of many

conflicts, transitions for centuries.

This transitional process in the

Middle East has not finished even

today.

Turkey has increased

its income per capita three times,

its national income more

than three times in the last decade.

So Turkey is

in a good economic condition.

Both a Muslim country and a country

that has democratic values

and democracy, that is respectful

to local values in this respect,

that adopts democracy

and is an EU candidate country.

For the countries in North Africa,

the countries where

the Arab Spring has been inspired,

and for most countries in the Middle

East, at least for a part of the public,

these criteria are a model.

They think that Turkey is showing

that it is possible to develop

and to reach

a contemporary level of civilisation

while taking core values as a base,

as well as to protect those values.

And they take Turkey as a model.

As a country inside NATO,

with its increasing economic power,

part of the West in terms of defence

and EU candidate country,

Turkey is a good example

for many countries in the Middle East.

Look at the countries

in the Middle East today.

One of the rare countries

with peace and stability is Turkey.

In Turkey

we have a very basic principle.

Peace at home, peace in the world,

peace shall remain everywhere,

both in our country,

in the region and in the world.

We say that

without neglecting the EU and NATO,

but without forgetting the rest

of the world and the Middle East.

Through cooperation we can provide

peace and stability in the region.

But providing peace and stability

in the region is not something

that Turkey can do by itself.

The international community,

EU and NATO, should also support

Turkey in this direction

to provide peace and stability

in the Middle East.

Why? Because Turkey knows

the region better than outsiders.

We have lived together

for four hundred years,

five hundred years

with some countries.

The country that can solve

their differences is Turkey.

As long as Turkey has support,

we understand other countries.

We respect their values

and we want them to have peace

without any malicious intentions.

We have a saying that everybody’s

wish is the heaven on the world.

So in the North African

and Middle Eastern countries,

what people are asking for

is peace and living in a better world.

Turkey is a model for that.

Compared to the past,

it is in a better condition.

Thereby, Turkey can

show its example model,

both in the Middle East

and North Africa.

As you know, the Middle East

is the energy distribution zone

for this energy distribution region.

Turkey being in NATO

has an additional contribution

to the security of these energy lines.

With the support

of the EU and NATO,

the security of these lines

can be better provided

and there will be

stability in the region.

People who are living in this region

need democracy, freedom and bread

as much as people in Europe.

I think we can do it

through cooperation.

The NATO summit in Chicago in 2012

will focus heavily on smart defence.

How do you feel that countries

like Turkey can make more efforts

and become

more successful in this area?

Smart defence has been brought to

the agenda by the Secretary-General

and Turkey has supported

this from the beginning.

Turkey is supporting

over a hundred and sixty,

almost a hundred and seventy

projects and joining many of them.

With smart defence

the purpose is not cutting expenses,

but spending money more efficiently.

You will spend

the same money more efficiently.

You will use the money

more efficiently and effectively.

So what NATO wants will require

bringing both specialisation and

priorities without creating any gaps.

In the meantime, with joint projects

co-ordination will be required

and increased cooperation.

We have seen this

and experienced it a lot in the past.

The best example is

building the F-35 JSF aircrafts.

Inside and outside NATO

with Australia getting involved,

a project that many countries

had a joint interest in.

Hence,

using the money more efficiently,

is the principle, not spending less.

With smart defence,

specialisation is essential.

And setting priorities of member

nations inside NATO is important.

Therefore, through prioritisation,

specialisation and cooperation

we get a much more efficient defence

system with the same money.

Turkey has now joined a 167 projects

and is leading some of them.

And Turkey agreed to host the new

missile defence radar system

in her territories recently.

This is the best example

of smart defence,

the system that will be used

for NATO’s purposes.

An agreement has been made

with the United States.

This has been a big step in providing

more efficient defence system

with the ballistic missile defence

system, with Turkey doing its part.

And it is going to be declared

at the Chicago summit

that this missile defence system will

reach in term operational capability.

Turkey: interview

with Defense Minister Yilmaz

Minister Yilmaz, 2012

represents the 60th anniversary

of Turkey joining NATO.

How would you say

NATO is perceived in Turkey,

both by the politicians

and the public in general?

Through joining NATO in 1952

Turkey determined its direction

and its security

as the same as the West’s.

This was not a decision

Turkey took only in 1952,

this was the consequence

of Turkey supporting Western values.

Let’s not say Western,

universal values,

which are democracy, human rights

and core values of human rights

based on the rule of law, with the

West in the last two hundred years

and with the values

that the West supports,

seeking for its security

within the West.

Therefore, for Turkey NATO

means turning towards the West.

An expression of heading towards

core human rights and the rule of law.

You head towards the direction

where you see your own security.

Turkey’s security is in the West,

Turkey’s preference is

also the West.

Your preferences indicate

where you want to join.

With Turkey joining NATO in 1952,

Turkey showed that

its fundamental choice is West, NATO.

Among the public

there is a perception

that NATO provides

enough security to Turkey.

Therefore, the public is pleased.

Even in 1952, earlier times,

Turkey joined NATO with the joint

agreement of the party in power

and the main opposition party.

Therefore, there is

no discrimination among the public.

Again, for today as well as in terms

of reaching to universal values

and for the Turkey, who is seeking

her for its security in the West.

In Turkey there is an agreement

with a big majority

that believes that NATO is the right

organisation for Turkey’s defence.

Do you feel that, following

the upheaval in North Africa

and the Middle East, starting

in 2011 and continuing into 2012,

makes Turkey’s position

in the Mediterranean

far more important geopolitically?

Middle Eastern and

East-Mediterranean countries

have been the cradle of many

conflicts, transitions for centuries.

This transitional process in the

Middle East has not finished even

today.

Turkey has increased

its income per capita three times,

its national income more

than three times in the last decade.

So Turkey is

in a good economic condition.

Both a Muslim country and a country

that has democratic values

and democracy, that is respectful

to local values in this respect,

that adopts democracy

and is an EU candidate country.

For the countries in North Africa,

the countries where

the Arab Spring has been inspired,

and for most countries in the Middle

East, at least for a part of the public,

these criteria are a model.

They think that Turkey is showing

that it is possible to develop

and to reach

a contemporary level of civilisation

while taking core values as a base,

as well as to protect those values.

And they take Turkey as a model.

As a country inside NATO,

with its increasing economic power,

part of the West in terms of defence

and EU candidate country,

Turkey is a good example

for many countries in the Middle East.

Look at the countries

in the Middle East today.

One of the rare countries

with peace and stability is Turkey.

In Turkey

we have a very basic principle.

Peace at home, peace in the world,

peace shall remain everywhere,

both in our country,

in the region and in the world.

We say that

without neglecting the EU and NATO,

but without forgetting the rest

of the world and the Middle East.

Through cooperation we can provide

peace and stability in the region.

But providing peace and stability

in the region is not something

that Turkey can do by itself.

The international community,

EU and NATO, should also support

Turkey in this direction

to provide peace and stability

in the Middle East.

Why? Because Turkey knows

the region better than outsiders.

We have lived together

for four hundred years,

five hundred years

with some countries.

The country that can solve

their differences is Turkey.

As long as Turkey has support,

we understand other countries.

We respect their values

and we want them to have peace

without any malicious intentions.

We have a saying that everybody’s

wish is the heaven on the world.

So in the North African

and Middle Eastern countries,

what people are asking for

is peace and living in a better world.

Turkey is a model for that.

Compared to the past,

it is in a better condition.

Thereby, Turkey can

show its example model,

both in the Middle East

and North Africa.

As you know, the Middle East

is the energy distribution zone

for this energy distribution region.

Turkey being in NATO

has an additional contribution

to the security of these energy lines.

With the support

of the EU and NATO,

the security of these lines

can be better provided

and there will be

stability in the region.

People who are living in this region

need democracy, freedom and bread

as much as people in Europe.

I think we can do it

through cooperation.

The NATO summit in Chicago in 2012

will focus heavily on smart defence.

How do you feel that countries

like Turkey can make more efforts

and become

more successful in this area?

Smart defence has been brought to

the agenda by the Secretary-General

and Turkey has supported

this from the beginning.

Turkey is supporting

over a hundred and sixty,

almost a hundred and seventy

projects and joining many of them.

With smart defence

the purpose is not cutting expenses,

but spending money more efficiently.

You will spend

the same money more efficiently.

You will use the money

more efficiently and effectively.

So what NATO wants will require

bringing both specialisation and

priorities without creating any gaps.

In the meantime, with joint projects

co-ordination will be required

and increased cooperation.

We have seen this

and experienced it a lot in the past.

The best example is

building the F-35 JSF aircrafts.

Inside and outside NATO

with Australia getting involved,

a project that many countries

had a joint interest in.

Hence,

using the money more efficiently,

is the principle, not spending less.

With smart defence,

specialisation is essential.

And setting priorities of member

nations inside NATO is important.

Therefore, through prioritisation,

specialisation and cooperation

we get a much more efficient defence

system with the same money.

Turkey has now joined a 167 projects

and is leading some of them.

And Turkey agreed to host the new

missile defence radar system

in her territories recently.

This is the best example

of smart defence,

the system that will be used

for NATO’s purposes.

An agreement has been made

with the United States.

This has been a big step in providing

more efficient defence system

with the ballistic missile defence

system, with Turkey doing its part.

And it is going to be declared

at the Chicago summit

that this missile defence system will

reach in term operational capability.

Preberite več:zgodovina Nata, Turčija
Novi pri Reviji NATO?
Preberite več:
citati
Barack Obama
Ameriški senator, 2006
Glasilo
Ne zamudite ničesar
»Če nismo pripravljeni plačati cene za svoje vrednote, če se nismo pripravljeni vsaj malo žrtvovati,
da jih uresničimo, potem se moramo vprašati, ali v njih sploh resnično verjamemo.«
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