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Вода или война?

Water is the essence of life. But drinkable, fresh water is at a premium. Rising populations, poor water use and shortages in key areas are all major factors. This video gives a quick tour of the world showing why water is an issue for everyone.

Water or WARter?

About 70% of the Earth’s

surface is covered by water

But only 2.5%

of the world’s water is freshwater

Around 70% of this water

is found in uninhabited areas...

in permafrost ice and glaciers,

particularly around the Earth’s poles

70% of available freshwater

is used in irrigation...

about 22% in industry

and 8% in domestic use

Water use has been growing

at more than twice the rate

of the population increase

over the last century

Nearly 1.5 billion people

live in river basins...

where water use exceeds

minimum recharge levels

Each person needs between

at least 20-50 litres of water a day...

to ensure all their basic

drinking, cooking and cleaning needs

Many more litres will have already

been used to get the food to the table

And the world’s population

is rising rapidly...

World Population Rise

In 1990, the world population

was around 5.2 billion people...

Today it is just over 7 billion and will

reach 8 billion in just over 10 years

The future lack of water sources and

its knock on effects on food security...

could lead to geopolitical challenges

145 nations

- around 3 out of 4 in the world -

have territory

within a transboundary basin

‘...water in shared basins will

increasingly be used as leverage;

The use of water as a weapon

or to further terrorist objectives

will become more likely beyond

10 years.’ (US intelligence report)

30 nations will already

be water scarce in 2025

18 are

in the Middle East and North Africa

Yemen will probably become

the first nation to run out of water...

This may happen as soon as 2015

In India, there are fears

that new hydroelectric dams

on the stretch of water

Yarlung-Zangbo-Brahmaputra...

from China

could lead to major reductions

in the flow of water coming into India

Both India and China have

areas suffering from water scarcity

More than 60 million people

in 6 countries

from China to Vietnam

depend on the Mekong River...

Planned dams may have

a major effect on these people

Vietnam’s President Truong Tan Sang

warned in September 2012

of the importance

of dealing with water issues

‘It would not be an exaggeration

to view the water resources

of the 21st century as the oil

of the 19th and the 20th centuries.’

‘Tensions over water resources

are threatening economic growth

and presenting a source of conflict.’

The President of Uzbekistan,

Islam Karimov, said:

‘Water problems may cause

conflicts in Central Asia...’

‘...this is a serious confrontation.

It may even become

a cause of war in the region.’

Finally, water conflicts

may not be confined to disputes

between countries

– but also within countries

In India, the Prime Minister’s

Office has been asked

to resolve a water sharing dispute...

between the country's

Tamil Nadu and Karnataka states

The population of just these two

states is over 130 million people...

And rising

Water or WARter?

About 70% of the Earth’s

surface is covered by water

But only 2.5%

of the world’s water is freshwater

Around 70% of this water

is found in uninhabited areas...

in permafrost ice and glaciers,

particularly around the Earth’s poles

70% of available freshwater

is used in irrigation...

about 22% in industry

and 8% in domestic use

Water use has been growing

at more than twice the rate

of the population increase

over the last century

Nearly 1.5 billion people

live in river basins...

where water use exceeds

minimum recharge levels

Each person needs between

at least 20-50 litres of water a day...

to ensure all their basic

drinking, cooking and cleaning needs

Many more litres will have already

been used to get the food to the table

And the world’s population

is rising rapidly...

World Population Rise

In 1990, the world population

was around 5.2 billion people...

Today it is just over 7 billion and will

reach 8 billion in just over 10 years

The future lack of water sources and

its knock on effects on food security...

could lead to geopolitical challenges

145 nations

- around 3 out of 4 in the world -

have territory

within a transboundary basin

‘...water in shared basins will

increasingly be used as leverage;

The use of water as a weapon

or to further terrorist objectives

will become more likely beyond

10 years.’ (US intelligence report)

30 nations will already

be water scarce in 2025

18 are

in the Middle East and North Africa

Yemen will probably become

the first nation to run out of water...

This may happen as soon as 2015

In India, there are fears

that new hydroelectric dams

on the stretch of water

Yarlung-Zangbo-Brahmaputra...

from China

could lead to major reductions

in the flow of water coming into India

Both India and China have

areas suffering from water scarcity

More than 60 million people

in 6 countries

from China to Vietnam

depend on the Mekong River...

Planned dams may have

a major effect on these people

Vietnam’s President Truong Tan Sang

warned in September 2012

of the importance

of dealing with water issues

‘It would not be an exaggeration

to view the water resources

of the 21st century as the oil

of the 19th and the 20th centuries.’

‘Tensions over water resources

are threatening economic growth

and presenting a source of conflict.’

The President of Uzbekistan,

Islam Karimov, said:

‘Water problems may cause

conflicts in Central Asia...’

‘...this is a serious confrontation.

It may even become

a cause of war in the region.’

Finally, water conflicts

may not be confined to disputes

between countries

– but also within countries

In India, the Prime Minister’s

Office has been asked

to resolve a water sharing dispute...

between the country's

Tamil Nadu and Karnataka states

The population of just these two

states is over 130 million people...

And rising

предложения
Ахмед Раафат Амин,
22, Кайро
Бюлетин
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