Growing dangers:
emerging and developing security threats
(© Scagnetti / Reporters)
The term ‘xenophobia’ is witnessing a revival. It is often trotted out in the growing debates about globalization, immigration and popularist politics. But as well as a fear of all that is foreign, it is also a ‘fear of the unknown’.

So xenophobia is in a sense what today’s security issues are all about – especially emerging threats.

But this is not just about new, obscure threats - it’s also threats we have previously ignored.

Take environmental issues for example. In this edition of NATO Review, we have an interview with Dr Pachauri, head of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC has just been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize – shared with Al Gore.

Dr Pachauri warns of the potential conflicts coming with increased climate change: mass migration, competition for resources, border disputes, water conflicts and environmental terrorism, to name a few.

Environmental risks highlight that one of our greatest security risks is…ourselves.

But that is a macro view. A micro analysis shows that there remain growing threats in iWar, flu pandemics, threats to maritime and energy security.

Seeing all of this brings another US politician to mind. In February 2002, then US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld came out with his infamous quote about ‘known knowns, unknown knowns and unknown unknowns.’

In the light of these increased emerging security threats, maybe his quote doesn’t sound so strange after all.

Paul King
The Chairman of the Nobel Peace Prize winning IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), Dr Pachauri, talks to NATO Review about climate change as a security issue – and NATO’s response.
A brief photo slideshow provides images and figures showing the potential of emerging risks
The European Union's Commissioner for Science and Research argues that we can no longer ignore the role science can play in averting the security threats posed by climate change
Tom Lantos, the Head of the US House Committee on Foreign Affairs, gives his view of NATO’s changing role and its role in the increasingly important field of energy security.
Johnny Ryan highlights our vulnerability to e- attacks and makes the case that iWar attacks could be the most innovative form of warfare since the invention of gunpowder.
With nuclear proliferation a major challenge, Michael Ruehle looks at how and why jihadists’ attempts to join the nuclear club have been thwarted.
Is it realistic to expect major wars over water supplies? Bezen Balamir Coskun looks at the type and level of conflicts water shortages could cause.
Diego A. Ruiz Palmer looks at the growing risks posed at sea, how NATO has reacted and what is needed to keep pace with changing maritime risks.
Bird flu has not gone away. Elin Gursky and John Sandrock look at the possible consequences of a flu pandemic.
Patrick Stephenson reviews Rebecca Moore’s book ‘NATO’s new mission’ and analyses whether it gives a full picture of where the Alliance is heading.