In the four years that Lord Robertson has been Secretary General of NATO, the strategic environment and the challenges facing the Alliance have changed almost beyond recognition. He came into office in the immediate aftermath of NATO's Kosovo campaign and for the best part of his first two years in office, events in the former Yugoslavia, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia* as well as in Kosovo, continued to dominate the Alliance's agenda. Then came 9/11. A day after terrorists flew passenger airliners into the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington DC, NATO invoked Article 5, the collective-defence clause of the Washington Treaty, for the first time in its history. In this way, NATO effectively made combating terrorism an enduring Alliance mission. Moreover, since then, the Alliance has embarked on one of the most ambitious transformation programmes ever undertaken by an international organisation to adapt to the new, post-9/11 security environment.
This issue of NATO Review, entitled From Kosovo to Kabul and beyond,
examines many of the issues that have come to the fore during Lord
Robertson's period in office. In the first of four articles devoted
to this theme, Lord Robertson looks back on his time as Secretary General
and reflects on
Alliance history, transformation and prospects. Charles
Grant, director of the Centre for European Reform in London, examines
the evolution of
Europe's Security and Defence Policy and its impact
on NATO and transatlantic relations. Robert Serry, deputy assistant secretary
general for crisis
management in NATO's Operations Division, analyses
the evolution of NATO's presence and activities in the former Yugoslavia.
And David S. Yost of
the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California,
examines the implications for NATO of US strategic thinking.
In the debate, Andrés Ortega and Tomas Valasek discuss
whether the challenges that NATO faces today are
as great as those the Alliance faced in the Cold
War. Robert Van de Roer, the diplomatic correspondent
of NRC Handelsblad, profiles Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, NATO's incoming
Secretary General. In the interview, General Götz Gliemeroth, commander of the NATO-led
peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, discusses the challenges that the
Alliance is facing
in its first operation beyond the Euro-Atlantic area.
Osman Yavuzalp of NATO's Political Affairs and Security Policy Division
of the best recent books to appear on Afghanistan
and Central Asia. And Zvonimir Mahecic, a security adviser to Croatian
Mesic, analyses Croatia's relationship with NATO.
Statistics compiled by the German Marshall Fund of the United States
and the Compagnia
di San Paolo examining attitudes on the two sides
of the Atlantic to key security questions round out the issue.