Updated: 25-Jun-2002 NATO Review

Autumn 2001



Focus on NATO

Alliance news in brief

NATO's evolving partnerships

Building security through

Robert Weaver analyses the evolution of NATO partnerships.

Getting Cinderella to the ball
Robert E. Hunter examines the
potential of the Euro-Atlantic
Partnership Council.

Promoting regional security
James Appathurai examines how NATO promotes regional security cooperation.

Partnership in practice: Georgia's experience
Irakli Menagarishvili describes Georgia's relationship with NATO.


Imagining NATO 2011
Michael Rhle imagines how the Alliance and the Euro-Atlantic security environment might look in ten years.

Monitoring contamination in Kazakhstan


Martti Ahtisaari: international mediator

The new Macedonian question
Christopher Bennett reviews recent literature on the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.*

Educating a new elite
Colonel Ralph D. Thiele describes how the NATO Defense College caters for citizens of Partner countries.

Military matters

Reform realities
Chris Donnelly examines military reform in Central and Eastern Europe.


Defence expenditure and size of armed forces of NATO and Partner countries

On the cover:

Allied and Partner soldiers parading together.
( © NATO )

During the production of this issue of NATO Review, the United States suffered a devastating terrorist attack, the effects of which have been felt around the world. The reaction of America's Allies to the barbaric attacks of 11 September was immediate: total solidarity with the United States in its time of need. As a profound symbol of that solidarity, on 12 September, NATO's members agreed that, if it were determined that this attack had been directed from abroad against the United States, it should be regarded as an action covered by Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, which states that an attack against one or more Allies shall be considered an attack against them all. On 2 October, the US government confirmed that the attacks had indeed been launched from abroad, by terrorists from Osama Bin Laden's al-Qaida organisation.

NATO's essential foundation - its bedrock - has always been Article 5, the commitment to collective defence. Of course, this commitment was first entered into in 1949, in very different circumstances. But it remains equally valid and essential today, in the face of this new threat.With the decision to invoke Article 5, NATO's members demonstrated, once again, that the Alliance is no simple talking shop. It is a community of nations, united by its values, and utterly determined to act together to defend them.

On 12 September, it was also demonstrated that the Euro-Atlantic community today is much broader than the 19 NATO members. Within hours of NATO's historic decision, the 46 member countries of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council - from North America, Europe and Central Asia - issued a statement in which they agreed that these acts were an attack not only on the United States, but on our common values. In the EAPC statement, the 46 countries also pledged to undertake all efforts needed to combat the scourge of terrorism.

It is too early to say what role NATO and its members, or the EAPC, will play in the coming international struggle against the scourge of terrorism. That struggle will be long and sometimes difficult. It will require all the tools at our disposal, political, economic, diplomatic as well as military. And it will need the active engagement of the widest possible coalition of countries, all working towards common goals. The solidarity and determination displayed in Brussels on 12 September, by the North Atlantic Council and the EAPC, are a vital first step. They show the practical importance of NATO's partnerships and underline the timeliness of this issue of NATO Review.

Lord Robertson



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