General Lord Robertson visited
Berlin, Germany, on 20 and 21
September to attend the NATO Review conference, an annual event to
discuss the future of the Alliance, and meet Chancellor Gerhard
Schrder, Foreign Minister Joschka
Fischer and other political leaders.
Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage
visited NATO on 20
September to brief Lord Robertson and
the North Atlantic Council on
the state of investigations into the terrorist attacks of 11 September.
On 19 September,
President Boris Trajkovski of
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
(1) asked NATO
to deploy a reduced, follow-on force in his country after
the end of Operation Essential Harvest on
|Between 17 and
22 September, four NATO members and five Partners participated in
Cooperative Engagement 2001,
the first maritime NATO/Partnership-for-Peace exercise to take place
in Slovenia, at Ankaran near Koper.
members and three Partners participated in Cooperative
Poseidon, the second phase of a submarine safety exercise,
which took place in Bremerhaven,
Germany, between 17 and 21 September. The exercise was also attended
by observers from seven Mediterranean
from nine NATO and 13 Partner countries took part in Cooperative
Key 2001, an exercise in peace-support operations, which
took place in Plovdiv, Bulgaria,
between 11 and 21 September. Representatives of the office of the
UN High Commissioner for Refugees and several non-governmental organisations
|Between 10 and
21 September, participants from seven NATO members and 13 Partner
countries took part in Cooperative Best Effort
2001 at Zeltweg Airbase,
Austria, an exercise designed to train participants in peace-support
Dieter Stckmann succeeded UK
General Sir Rupert Smith as Deputy
Supreme Allied Commander Europe at a ceremony at Supreme
Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)
in Mons, Belgium, on 17 September.
visited Skopje, the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, (1) on 14 September
to consult with President Boris Trajkovski
and his government and review progress of Operation
On 13 September,
NATO staff joined millions of
people across Europe in observing three minutes silence for the victims
of the 11 September terrorist outrage and their families.
and Russia expressed their deepest
sympathy with the victims of the 11 September terrorist attacks in
New York and Washington DC and their families and pledged to intensify
cooperation to defeat terrorism at a meeting of the NATO-Russia
Permanent Joint Council on 13 September. Similar sentiments
were expressed at extraordinary meetings of the NATO-Ukraine
Commission and the Euro-Atlantic
Emyr Jones Parry succeeded Ambassador
David Manning as the permanent
representative of the United Kingdom to NATO on 13 September.
Ambassador Parry, 53, is a career diplomat and was political director
of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from July 1998 until August
On 12 September,
NATO ambassadors agreed that
if the 11 September terrorist attack was directed from abroad, it
would be considered as an attack on all NATO Allies, thus invoking
Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, NATO's founding charter,
for the first time in the Alliance's history.
On 11 September,
Lord Robertson and the North
Atlantic Council condemned terrorist attacks on innocent
civilians in the United States and expressed their deepest sympathy
and solidarity with the American people.
On 7 September,
Lord Robertson attended the
last day of a three-day symposium in Oslo,
Norway, which focused on technological, industrial and scientific
aspects of adapting to today's transformed security environment.
The event was hosted jointly by the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic
(SACLANT), the Norwegian
Defence Command and the US Joint
Nicholas Burns succeeded Ambassador
Alexander Vershbow as permanent
representative of the United States to NATO on 4 September.
Ambassador Burns, 45, was formerly US ambassador to Greece from 1997
until July 2001. Between 1995 and 1997, he was spokesman of the US
exercise to train air forces in tactical air operations, including
the suppression of enemy air defences and electronic warfare, took
place between 3 and 14 September from Main Air Station in rland,
Norway. Air Meet 2001 involved
air forces from 13 NATO member countries and was conducted by the
headquarters of Allied Air Forces North,
based at Ramstein, Germany.
President Boris Trajkovski, Prime
Minister Ljubco Georgievski, Interior
Minister Ljube Boshkovski, Foreign
Minister Ilinka Mitreva and Defence
Minister Vlado Bukovski during
a visit to the former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia (1) on 29 August
to assess progress made by NATO troops in collecting weapons from
ethnic Albanian rebels.
was launched on 22 August, two months after the government of the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1)
requested NATO assistance to restore peace and stability in its
country. The 30-day mission, which effectively started on 27 August,
was to disarm ethnic Albanian rebels and involved some 3,500 troops,
with logistical support.
in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
(1) dominated the regular joint meeting
of the North Atlantic Council and
the European Union's Political and Security
Committee, held in Brussels,
Belgium, on 22 August.
war criminal Dragan Jokic, a
Bosnian Serb implicated in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre and attacks
on UN observation posts, surrendered to SFOR
troops on 15 August.
of Task Force Harvest deployed
in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
(1) on 15 August - two days
after the signing of a political framework agreement to provide for
internal reforms and allow NATO-led troops into the country to disarm
ethnic Albanian rebels - to assess the situation and prepare the launch
of Operation Essential Harvest.
a former Bosnian Serb commander indicted for war crimes, was detained
on 10 August and transferred to the International
War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague.
Work on a pilot
project to improve flood preparedness and
response in the Tisza river area in Ukraine
began in September. The project is being developed in the context
of the NATOUkraine work programme for 2000.
joined EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy
Javier Solana and the OSCE Chairman-in-Office,
Romanian Foreign Minister Mircea Geoana,
in Skopje, the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (1) on 26 July
for talks with government leaders and political parties to reinvigorate
talks aimed at ending five months of violence.
Minister Algirdas Brazauskas met
Lord Robertson at NATO
on 24 July.
On 19 July, the
Military Committee, NATO's highest
military authority, and its chairman, Admiral Guido
Venturoni, visited the regional southern command, Allied
Forces Southern Europe (AFSOUTH),
which is responsible for all NATO-led operations in the Balkans.
Prime Minister Nebosja Covic and
Yugoslav Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic
met Lord Robertson
and addressed the North Atlantic Council
on 18 July. Discussions focused on developments in southern
Serbia and Kosovo.
NATO Deputy Secretary General
Alessandro Minuto Rizzo succeeded
Ambassador Sergio Balanzino
as NATO Deputy Secretary General on
16 July. Ambassador Rizzo is an Italian career diplomat and was
previously his country's permanent representative to the European
Union's Political and Security Committee.
and the 19 NATO ambassadors
visited Albania and Bosnia
and Herzegovina on 12 and 13 July for wide-ranging discussions
with government leaders.
security issues were discussed at a five-day meeting organised by
the NATO Parliamentary Assembly
for young and newlyelected parliamentarians from NATO and Partner
countries, held in Brussels, Belgium,
between 9 and 13 July.
Ion Iliescu and Foreign Minister
Mircea Geoana met Lord
Robertson on 9 July at NATO
to discuss the situation in the Balkans and Romania's cooperation
|On 6 July, the
day after a cease-fire between the government and ethnic Albanian
rebels in the former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia (1) was signed,
Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva
came to NATO to meet Lord
visited Kyiv, Ukraine, on 4 and
5 July, where he met President Leonid Kuchma,
Prime Minister Anatolyi Kinakh,
Foreign Minister Anatolyi Zlenko
and Defence Minister Olexandr Kuzmuk,
as well as other key figures. He also addressed a Partnership for
Peace symposium organised by SACLANT.
| A ceremony
to mark the inauguration of a project aimed at destroying Albania's
stockpile of 1.6 million antipersonnel mines - as required under the
Ottawa Convention prohibiting the use, stockpiling, production and
transfer of anti-personnel mines - took place at Mjeks,
south of the capital Tirana, on 29 June. This is the first demilitarisation
project to be implemented under a Partnership
for Peace Trust Fund set up for this purpose in 2000.
On 29 June,
the North Atlantic Council approved
Essential Harvest, an operation
plan drawn up by SHAPE, for the possible deployment of NATO troops
to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
(1) at the request of the government,
to help disarm ethnic Albanian groups. The plan would be implemented
on condition that the parties pursue political dialogue and end
Vladimir Voran visited NATO
on 28 June, where he met Lord
Robertson and signed an agreement, which will enable NATO
experts to provide material assistance and training to ensure the
implementation of a Partnership for Peace
Trust Fund project aimed at the safe destruction of highly
corrosive rocket fuel, as well as anti-personnel landmines and surplus
|UN Special Representative
to Kosovo Hans Haekkerup briefed
NATO ambassadors on the situation
in the province and preparations for upcoming elections there at NATO
on 26 June.
Aleksander Kwasniewski visited
SHAPE in Mons,
Belgium, on 21 June, where he met the Supreme Allied Commander Europe,
US General Joseph W. Ralston.
During a trip
to the United States from 19
to 22 June, Lord Robertson gave
a speech to the Chicago Council for Foreign Relations, before travelling
to Washington to meet National Security Advisor Condoleezza
Rice, Secretary of State Colin
Powell and Secretary of Defense Donald
Rumsfeld. He then attended the annual seminar organised
by SACLANT in Norfolk,
Virginia, which this year focused on NATO's military capabilities.
|Between 18 and
29 June, 15 NATO countries took part in Clean
Hunter 2001, a live-flying exercise over northern
Europe and northern France. This annual event involves
the headquarters of Allied Air Forces North and its subordinate combined
air operations centres in exercises aimed at maintaining effectiveness
in planning and conducting coordinated live air operations.