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Updated: 15-Jan-2002 NATO Review


Note from the Editor: Only three issues of NATO Review will be published this year: Spring/Summer 2000, Summer/Autumn 2000 and Winter 2000/2001.

Table of Contents


1

A more capable and balanced alliance
Letter from the Secretary General: Lord Robertson
The Atlantic alliance is now in its second half-century. That alone is an achievement, and a testament to the energy and relevance of this organisation. But what is perhaps more impressive is the broad and important agenda NATO is pursuing as we enter the 21st century: from enlargement, to partnership and cooperation, to our relations with Russia, Ukraine and the Mediterranean, to our operations in the Balkans. Taken together, a very challenging agenda but one that demonstrates clearly NATOs vital role in shaping European security for the better.
 

No 1 - Spring Summer 2000

NATO Review Cover



Focus on NATO

  1. New Permanent Representative of Greece
  2. Algeria joins the Mediterranean Dialogue

Documentation

  1. Final Communiqué - Ministerial Meeting of the North Atlantic Council held at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, on 15 December 1999
  2. Statement - Meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission at the level of Foreign Ministers Brussels, 15 December 1999
  3. Chairman's Summary of the meeting of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, on 16 December 1999
  4. Final Communiqué - Meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Defence Ministers Session held in Brussels, on 2 December 1999
  5. Final Communiqu - Ministerial meeting of the Defence Planning Committee and the Nuclear Planning Group, on 2 December 1999
  6. Press Statement - Meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission in Defence Ministers Session on 3 December 1999
  7. Chairman's Summary of the Meeting of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in Defence Ministers Session, on 3 December 1999
  8. Financial and Economic Data Relating to NATO Defence

2

DCI: Responding to the US-led Revolution in Military Affairs
Dr Elinor Sloan
The Defence Capabilities Initiative (DCI) was originally intended as a measure to address the growing technology gap between the United States and its NATO allies. But since its launch in April 1999, the initiative has been broadened to include doctrinal and organisational elements of future military operations, such as the need to be able to deploy mobile and sustainable forces. In taking on this broader mandate, DCI goes beyond longstanding initiatives like the NATO Standardisation Programme and attempts to respond to the US-led Revolution in Military Affairs. Its success is pivotal for strengthening the European pillar of NATO and maintaining the military and political viability of the alliance.

3

European defence takes a leap forward
Franois Heisbourg
Recent moves towards a common European defence and security policy and European defence capabilities that are separable but not separate from NATO have sparked off considerable debate. Concerns have been voiced that this could lead to a decoupling of Europes security from that of its other NATO allies, a duplication of effort or capabilities, and discrimination against those allies who are not European Union members. Franois Heisbourg argues that we need to get beyond the rhetoric of the three Ds. Difficult issues have been raised but there is nothing necessarily incompatible between the EU and NATO approaches. Above all, there is an urgent need for Europe to boost its capabilities, if it is not to be confined in future to a useful, but limited, reactive defence and security role.

4

ESDI: "Separable but not separate"?
Dr Peter Schmidt
The development of a European Security and Defence Identity that is separable but not separate from NATO took a new turn at the European Unions Helsinki summit in December 1999. But, as Peter Schmidt argues, the EUs plans soon to absorb the Western European Union and to create a rapid reaction corps by 2003 raise a tangle of membership issues, as well as questions of a more fundamental nature.

5

The Armaments Review: NATOs evolving role in equipping alliance forces
Diego A. Ruiz Palmer
The Armaments Review, approved by allied ministers in December 1999, provides a compelling blueprint for reforming the policies, structures and procedures governing NATOs armaments activities, and equipping alliance forces more effectively and efficiently. Key aspects are a renewed focus on fulfilling essential defence capabilities and improving interoperability; a greater emphasis on agility and responsiveness in armaments cooperation; and a broader approach to managing armaments activities to take better account of other equipment-related capabilities, such as communications and information systems or logistics. The challenge now is to make sure that the Review has a lasting impact on the way NATO conducts its armaments work.

6

Russia-NATO relations: Time to pick up the pieces
Dmitri Trenin
The fragile relationship between Russia and NATO was dealt a severe blow by differences over Kosovo. But, taking a pragmatic look at how to pick up the pieces, Dmitri Trenin argues that their relations have been deeply troubled ever since the Founding Act on Mutual Relations was signed in Paris in 1997. The alliance was perhaps too confident of its ability to admit new members from central Europe, while at the same time consolidating and institutionalising its dialogue with Russia. Russias leaders were torn between vehement opposition to NATO enlargement and a general willingness to cooperate with the West.

7

The OSCEs Istanbul Charter for European Security
Professor Victor-Yves Ghebali
At their Istanbul summit in November 1999, the leaders of 54 states participating in the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe signed the Charter for European Security. The Charter originates in a debate launched in March 1995, largely to calm Russian concerns about NATOs eastward enlargement on developing a Common and Comprehensive Security Model for Europe for the 21st Century. The initial debate was rather abstract and soon stagnated. But it was given a new lease of life in December 1997, when ministers meeting in Copenhagen agreed to draft this new pan-European security document. Victor-Yves Ghebali assesses the significance of the Charter and its relevance for NATO-OSCE relations.

8

Partnership: One of NATOs fundamental security tasks
Dr Isabelle Franois
At the Washington summit last year, allied leaders set out their vision of an alliance with new missions, new members, new partnerships, and a commitment to strengthen its defence capabilities. The new Strategic Concept recognised partnership as the vision guiding the evolution of NATOs relationship with its Partners. one of the fundamental security tasks of the alliance, and most summit initiatives had a partnership dimension. Drawing together the different elements of the Partnership for Peace that were strengthened at the summit, this article highlights.

9

New airpower for a new millennium
General Gregory S. Martin
On 3 March 2000, the air command of the North Atlantic Alliance in Europe was reorganised from three into two regions: Region North and Region South, divided by the Alps. In the new structure, the number of NATO headquarters has been reduced from over 60 to just 20. This article looks at how the resulting leaner, more flexible structure of AIRNORTH will be better able to deal with the unpredictable challenges of the new strategic environment, through closer air command and control (C2), a region-wide air policing structure, and greater flexibility and deployability.

10

Reserves needed to boost allied capabilities
Maj. Gen. Pierre Segers - Lt. Col. Eric Thiry
Current cuts in the number of active forces in most NATO countries make it even more important that effective use be made of reserve personnel and their experience. But reserves need proper training and preparation for missions, and their availabilty depends on the political will and the support of the civilian community in their countries. Support programmes for employers and closer civil-military cooperation and coordination are urgently needed.

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