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Updated: 20 November 1999 NATO Review


Table of Contents


1

An Alliance fit for the 21st century
Javier Solana
This will be my last letter to the readers of the NATO Review. After four years as Secretary General of NATO, I will be leaving to become the Secretary General of the Council and High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union. Given the growing importance of creating a European Security and Defence Identity in NATO, I consider my new job as a logical continuity of the old. By working towards a Europe that acts more coherently on security matters, I will in many ways be working on a more mature transatlantic relationship as well.
 

No 3 - Autumn 1999
Volume 47

NATO Review Cover


Focus on NATO

2

Taking responsibility for Balkan security
Lamberto Dini
The Kosovo crisis provided a new urgency in European security and defence, while at the same time demonstrating the primacy of human rights in international politics. Foreign Minister Dini argues that the intersection of these two realities has broad implications for NATO and for the entire system of international institutions. These institutions, with the United Nations in the forefront, must become more effective and more inclusive if we are to prevent future Kosovos from breaking out.

3

The Washington Summit initiatives: Giving NATO the "tools" to do its job in the next century
Guido Venturoni
The initiatives taken at last April's Washington Summit, which are now being implemented, provide the "tools" the Alliance needs to undertake its new missions. While reaffirming its primary function of collective defence, Alliance leaders also endorsed NATO's new roles in crisis management and stability through partnership, as well as an initiative to facilitate greater effectiveness in multinational operations. Kosovo is the first to benefit from these initiatives, which hold the key to solving future security challenges in Europe.

4

The challenge of rebuilding Kosovo
Bernard Kouchner
The international community has embarked on an enormous task in helping to rebuild Kosovo. With KFOR's assistance and under the umbrella of the UN, key international organisations are working together to re-establish civil and administrative functions and prepare the province for elections and eventual self-government. However, as Dr. Kouchner - the most senior international civilian official in Kosovo - points out, its future will not just depend on the efforts of the international community, but will require overcoming the intolerance that has plagued this region for so long.

5

KFOR: Providing security for building a better future for Kosovo
Lt. General Sir Mike Jackson
Within days of Belgrade's acceptance of a peace deal and the suspension of the Allied air campaign, the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) began deployment to secure the province for the return of refugees. General Jackson, Commander, KFOR, describes the rapid and synchronised deployment of over 40,000 KFOR troops from 39 nations and the challenges they face helping to restore order, rebuild the shattered infrastructure and speed the return to normality in Kosovo.

6

Reconstructing Kosovo:
On the right track - but where does it lead?

Matthias Rueb
Mr. Rueb argues that the response by NATO and the international community to the Kosovo crisis has been both a success and a failure. Most of the refugees have returned and KFOR has managed to restore order, but it remains to be seen whether the web of international organisations responsible for re-establishing civilian structures in Kosovo will work in harmony or at loggerheads. In the final analysis, he contends, a comprehensive regional approach, as foreseen by the Stability Pact, backed up by the threat of force, is the only way to ensure lasting peace in Kosovo and in the Balkans as a whole.

7

Should NATO take the lead in formulating a doctrine on humanitarian intervention?
Ove Bring
NATO's intervention in Kosovo aimed to reverse the Serb campaign of ethnic cleansing in the province and ensure the safe return of Kosovar Albanians. Fundamental principles of international relations - state sovereignty, non-use of force, and respect for human rights - were brought into conflict with each other, sparking off considerable public debate. The author argues that there is an urgent need for a doctrine on humanitarian intervention to be formulated, building on the emerging international norm that gives precedence to the protection of human rights over sovereignty in certain circumstances, and that NATO should take the lead on this.

8

A new College for a new NATO
Lt. General Dr. Hartmut Olboeter
In September 1999, the NATO Defense College moved to new purpose-built premises in Rome, at the generous invitation of the Italian government. The larger, fully equipped facilities will enable the Alliance's flagship academic institution to better serve the needs of today's open, enlarged NATO, its new missions and new Partners. In particular, it will support the PfP Training and Education Enhancement Programme (TEEP), as well as the deepening of the Mediterranean Dialogue.

9

PfP Training Centres:
Improving training and education in Partnership for Peace

Burak Akapar
Deepening cooperation within Partnership for Peace (PfP) to encompass more operational elements is increasing the demand for qualified human resources. At the same time, according to Dr. Akapar, we must face the challenges posed by multinationality at lower levels of command and force structures and the requirements for greater interoperability between Partner and NATO forces. For these reasons, Allied leaders launched the Training and Education Enhancement Programme at the Washington Summit last April - a structured approach to improving and harmonising NATO and Partner training and education activities, particularly through the establishment of PfP Training Centres.


10

NATO after enlargement: Is the Alliance better off?
Sebestyn L. v. Gorka
The Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland took their seats on the North Atlantic Council as full members of NATO last spring, manifesting their return to Europe. Some critics have argued that the new members were invited to join for the wrong reasons, that their accession was premature, and that they have no real contribution to make to the Alliance. The author disagrees, outlining the political and military assets the three new members represent for the new NATO and the unique role they could play in promoting stability on the European continent.

Information on NATO Review

Editor: Keir Bonine
Assistant Editor: Vicki Nielsen
Production Assistant: Felicity Breeze

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