Table of Contents


No. 4 - Winter 1998
Volume 46

NATO Review Cover


Focus on NATO

  1. NATO maintains pressure on Serbia over Kosovo

  2. New Permanent Representative of France

  3. New NATO Assistant Secretary General for Security Investment, Logistics and Civil Emergency Planning

  4. New Permanent Representative of Luxembourg

  5. New Permanent Representative of Iceland

  6. New Permanent Representative of Germany

  7. NATO ships make historic port call to St. Petersburg


Note to readers

  • The 1998 index of NATO Review articles will be published in issue No.1, 1999.

1

A firm anchor for both allies and partners
Letter from the Secretary General

2

Baltic security is European security
Algirdas Saudargas
Lithuania has taken a leading role in advancing regional cooperation within the Baltic area as well as increasing links with Euro-Atlantic institutions. Through its chairmanship of the Council of Baltic Sea States, for instance, it is seeking to promote confidence among Baltic neighbours and is spearheading assistance to Russia's Kaliningrad region. According to Foreign Minister Saudargas, these regional efforts must be synchronised with broader pan-European endeavours because security and stability in the Baltic area is indivisible from overall European security.

3

NATO's parliamentary arm helps further the aims of the Alliance
Simon Lunn
The North Atlantic Assembly (NAA) (1), the collective parliamentary voice of the Alliance, plays an essential role in building consensus for NATO's adaptation to the new security environment. It brings together parliamentarians from member countries, partner countries, as well as from the Mediterranean, promoting increased awareness, trust and cooperation, and thus bolstering stability in Europe. Mr. Lunn suggests that the occasion of NATO's 50th anniversary summit in Washington next year offers an opportunity to strengthen the relationship between NATO and its parliamentary arm and for the Alliance to give greater recognition to the NAA's role in their common endeavours.

4

From Madrid to Washington
Slovenia's quest for membership

Ambassador Ernest Petric
Slovenia, which has been working tirelessly to prepare itself politically, economically and militarily for NATO membership, feels it is ready. While not summoned in Madrid to begin the accession process with the other three invitee nations, Slovenia has not lost faith in NATO's pledge to keep the door open. According to Ambassador Petric, next April's Washington Summit will be the Alliance's opportunity to lock-in the achievements of this new era in Euro-Atlantic security by extending further invitations to join NATO, an opportunity that must not be squandered.

5

Implementing the Combined Joint Task Force concept
Lt. General Mario da Silva
NATO's Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) concept provides for multinational and multiservice task forces tailored for specific operations, whether peace support or collective defence. After three years of extensive conceptual work, implementation of the concept began in 1997 and two CJTF headquarters trials have since been undertaken. According to General da Silva, who heads the planning staff that led the evaluation of the two trials, the trials demonstrated that NATO could field large land-based and sea-based CJTF HQs, each capable of carrying out peace support operations. The evaluation results, combined with ongoing supplementary staff analysis and lessons learned from the operations in Bosnia, will help in meeting the challenges of the next phase of full implementation.


6

Taking another look at NATO's role in European security
Michael Rhle
Many observers still fail to understand why NATO remains in business long after the Soviet threat has disappeared. Their puzzlement stems from an analytical yardstick that ties NATO to the single purpose of providing for collective defence, argues Mr. Rhle. In the post-Cold War world, however, institutions have become multiple-purpose instruments, working together to create a more benign strategic environment. By supporting a European Security and Defence Identity, the evolution of a democratic Russia, sound transatlantic relations and common approaches to crisis management, NATO has become an instrument for shaping the security environment in the broadest sense.

7

Strengthening cooperation in the Mediterranean: NATO's contribution
Alberto Bin
As part of a broad framework of cooperation in the region, NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue seeks to improve mutual understanding and stability around the Mediterranean. Over the course of the past year, the Dialogue has demonstrated its practical value and potential to evolve, with all six Dialogue countries - Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia - taking part in numerous cooperative activities. However, Dr. Bin argues that the Dialogue's ultimate success will depend on further support of the initiative by both NATO and Dialogue countries. One way of strengthening it may be for NATO to concentrate its efforts in fields where it has a clear comparative advantage, including defence and security.

8

Educating leaders for the 21st century
A snapshot of the Marshall Center for Security Studies

Robert Kennedy
Created in 1993 by the United States and Germany, the Marshall Center in Garmisch, Germany, is a place where senior military and civilian officials from the Euro-Atlantic community can learn - together - how to meet the challenges of the next century. Through its courses on conflict management, defence budgeting and languages, the Center is building a network of national security experts from East and West. Professor Kennedy explains that the Center aims to instil in the course participants the knowledge and vision required to meet the challenges of the new millennium.

9

The NATO Training Group
Enhancing Alliance capabilities

Lt. Colonel Rainer Scholl
As the Alliance has adapted to meet the new demands of European security, so has force planning adapted to the requirements of NATO's new missions. As the author explains, this includes developing capabilities for peacekeeping, supporting possible WEU requirements, preparing invitee nations for NATO membership as well as providing a means for assessing non-member partner capabilities and encouraging interoperability of partner forces with allies. Thus, force planning, which ensures that the best use is made of our defence resources, provides both the conceptual and practical tools the Alliance needs to meet the security challenges of the future.


Footnotes

  1. The NAA has been renamed the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.


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