Table of Contents


No. 2 - Summer 1998
Volume 46

NATO Review Cover


Focus on NATO

  1. Exercise Strong Resolve 98

  2. New partnership wing opens - Diplomatic missions established

  3. New Italian Permanent Representative to NATO

  4. NATO tests SFOR back-up capability

  5. The role of NATO civilians in former Yugoslavia

1

NATO and WEU:
Turning vision into reality

Letter from the Secretary General

2

WEU's challenge
Apostolos Tsohatzopoulos
On the occasion of WEU's 50th anniversary, Greece's Defence Minister, whose country holds the Presidency of WEU until the end of June, writes that we should take stock of achievements, learn from disappointments, and make the most of the opportunities now to create a Europe of security and defence. The credibility of WEU and of Europe are at stake, but he believes they will rise to the challenge.

3

The European Security and Defence Identity within NATO
Lluis Maria de Puig
In Berlin and again in Madrid, the Alliance recognised the benefits of building a European Security and Defence Identity within NATO and endorsed the practical steps to achieve this aim. WEU, in close cooperation with NATO, is playing a central role in making ESDI a reality. However, for this endeavour to succeed, argues the Chairman of the WEU Assembly, the Europeans will have to demonstrate their commitment by devoting adequate resources, while the Americans will have to cede a greater role to Europe in NATO as part of a rebalancing in transatlantic relations.

4

Sustaining a vibrant Alliance
Lt. General Nicholas Kehoe
A little less than one year from now, NATO will celebrate its 50th anniversary. If all goes as planned, we will see the formal inauguration of an updated strategic concept, the accession of three new Alliance members, and the implementation of a more flexible, streamlined command structure. According to General Kehoe, this celebration of our "Pride in the Past, Faith in the Future" will cap nearly a decade of transition and momentous change in the Alliance and launch a transformed NATO into the new millennium.


5

Towards a new political strategy for NATO
Rob de Wijk
Meeting in Madrid in July 1997, NATO leaders announced that the Alliance Strategic Concept would be reviewed in line with "Europe's new security situation and challenges". In this article, Dr. de Wijk argues that, in revising its strategy, the Alliance should not be bound by traditional thinking. Not only must the Alliance's strategy be adapted to reflect the reality of NATO's new missions of crisis management and conflict prevention, but a bold step should be taken to link these new missions to an initiative to give greater substance to the concept of cooperative security within the OSCE. The alternative, he suggests, may be obsolescence of the Alliance.

6

NATO's next strategic concept
Jan Petersen
NATO has begun the process of reviewing its 1991 Strategic Concept which presents an excellent opportunity to clearly articulate to the public its new missions as they have evolved. But in this exercise it will have to address a question of fundamental importance and on which no allied consensus yet exists, according to the author: Should the fundamental strategy document of the Alliance recognise common interests beyond collective defence and the geographic boundaries of the NATO area, or should it merely reemphasise its core mission.

7

Albania:
A case study in the practical implementation of Partnership for Peace

George Katsirdakis
NATO's programme of Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) reflects the Alliance's broad approach to security coupled with the recognition that there are civil ramifications to a military operation. According to the author, CIMIC has proved an essential aspect of the IFOR/SFOR operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and in view of this, has become an integral part of NATO commanders' training, planning and operations.

8

SFOR continued
Greg Schulte
The Alliance's determined commitment to peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reconfirmed by last February's decision to continue SFOR's mission beyond its initial mandate which ends in June. However, while SFOR's presence is still necessary in the short term, the author argues that long term peace and stability depend on substantial progress in a number of areas, including democratisation and public security. Eventually, with NATO's assistance, the goal is to bring Bosnia into the community of Euro-Atlantic nations.

9

NATO Security Cooperation Activities
with Bosnia and Herzegovina

David Lightburn
NATO's Security Cooperation Activities with Bosnia and Herzegovina, endorsed by Ministers last December, are intended to contribute to long-term stability in the country. In this article, Mr. Lightburn, responsible for coordinating the programme and for developing and implementing the series of Security Cooperation Courses, describes the course's achievements to date as well as NATO's plans for the wider set of security cooperation activities.


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Editor: Keir Bonine
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