Table of Contents


No. 1 - Spring 1998
Volume 46

NATO Review Cover


Focus on NATO

  1. New US Permanent Representative

  2. NATO-Russia statement on PJC meeting of 21 January 1998

  3. SFOR follow-on force agreed

  4. Crisis management exercise with partners

  5. New Permanent Representative of the Netherlands

  6. New Permanent Representative of Norway

  7. New NATO Assistant Secretary General for Scientific and Environmental Affairs


Special supplement: Documentation

  1. North Atlantic Council, Final Communiqu, 16 December 1997

  2. Action Plan of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council for 1998-2000

  3. North Atlantic Council in Defence Ministers Session, Final Communiqu, 2 December 1997

  4. Defence expenditures of NATO countries (1975-1997)

1

On course for a NATO
of 19 nations in 1999

Javier Solana
The Alliance took a momentous step towards building an undivided Europe when Foreign Ministers signed documents last December paving the way for NATO's opening to three new members. Much work still lies ahead, including ratification by NATO's 16 member parliaments and further preparation by the three invited countries, before we can welcome them as NATO allies. But I am confident that 1999 will see the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland joining this Alliance, thereby strengthening security and stability across the Euro-Atlantic community.


2

Security in south-eastern Europe and Bulgaria's policy of NATO integration
Nadezhda Mihailova
Bulgaria is working hard to earn its place among the countries expected to be invited to join the Alliance in the next round of enlargement. According to Mrs. Mihailova, the government's strategy includes an intensified dialogue with NATO on issues relating to membership, reform of the armed forces to meet NATO standards, active participation in EAPC and PfP, and regional cooperation efforts to reinforce stability and security in south-eastern Europe. Bulgaria has put itself squarely on the path to full integration in the Euro-Atlantic community.

3

NATO's new military command structure
General Klaus Naumann
NATO Defence Ministers agreed on a new military command structure as a whole last December, achieving substantial progress in a process launched back in 1994. The new structure will provide an efficient, cost effective answer to the Alliance's military needs in the new century. Much remains to be done in the implementation phase, however, with issues such as manpower, infrastructure, communications and resources to be addressed. In this article, General Naumann describes the background leading to this agreement and then gives an overview of the configuration of the new structure.

4

We are not adversaries, we are partners
Marshal Igor Sergeyev
Cooperation has replaced confrontation as the sine qua non of interstate relations in Europe and the Russia-NATO partnership plays a central role in this new era. As part of the common task of reducing the role of the military in international relations, Russia has launched a radical reform of its armed forces. Marshall Sergeyev argues that NATO must also undertake a more radical transformation, as one of the components of the European security architecture of the 21st century.

5

WEU celebrates 50th anniversary of the Brussels Treaty
Jos Cutileiro

6

Building a lasting peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina
General Wesley Clark
NATO Foreign and Defence Ministers reviewed the SFOR operation in December 1997, 12 months into its 18-month mission. They confirmed that SFOR would continue at its present force levels, until otherwise directed, to allow it to continue its firm and even-handed approach to implementing its mandate and supporting civil implementation. In this article, SACEUR, who has overall military authority of SFOR, reviews the contribution made by IFOR and SFOR to the peace process over the last two years, and outlines some of the challenges that lie ahead in the remaining months of the SFOR mission.


7

Civil-Military Cooperation: Vital to peace implementation in Bosnia
Colonel William R. Phillips
NATO's programme of Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) reflects the Alliance's broad approach to security coupled with the recognition that there are civil ramifications to a military operation. According to the author, CIMIC has proved an essential aspect of the IFOR/SFOR operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and in view of this, has become an integral part of NATO commanders' training, planning and operations.

8


The Atlantic Treaty Association: Renaissance and challenge
Theodossis Georgiou

9

Taking partnership to a new level in NATO's Defence Support community
Norman Ray
Taking up the challenge issued by Alliance Foreign Ministers at Sintra last May to further enhance Partnership for Peace, the NATO Defence Support community is putting that mandate into action by associating partners to its activities across a broad network of expert and working-level bodies. That network has formed the axis of technical cooperation upon which NATO has relied in the fields of armaments, air defence, airspace management and communications and information systems for many years. Partner participation is expanding through information exchange as well as programmatic initiatives under the aegis of the Conference of National Armaments Directors, the NATO Air Defence Committee, the Committee for European Airspace Coordination, and the NATO Consultation, Command and Control Board. This involvement in the day-to-day business of armaments and other technical cooperation provides an essential means for partners to achieve greater equipment interoperability and compatibility with the Alliance.

10

The future of NATO's Mediterranean initiative
Nicola de Santis
The future of NATO's Mediterranean initiative was the subject of a thought-provoking study presented by RAND to the Alliance's top political and military authorities and opinion leaders, as well as to representatives of the six Mediterranean dialogue partner countries, at a high-level conference in Rome last November. Co-sponsored by NATO and the Centro Militare di Studi Strategici in Rome, the conference was opened by Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi. NATO Secretary General Javier Solana gave the keynote address, with Italian Defence Minister Beniamino Andreatta, Deputy Secretary General of NATO Ambassador Sergio Balanzino and Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) General Wesley Clark among other eminent participants. In this article, Nicola de Santis, Liaison Officer Italy and Officer for Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries at NATO, and coordinator of the conference, highlights the issues raised and some of the proposals put forward in Rome.



Information on NATO Review

Editor: Keir Bonine
Production Assistant: Felicity Breeze

Published under the authority of the Secretary General, this magazine is intended to contribute to a constructive discussion of Atlantic issues. Articles, therefore, do not necessarily represent official opinion or policy of member governments or NATO.

Articles may be reproduced, after permission has been obtained from the Editor, provided mention is made of NATO Review and signed articles are reproduced with the author's name.

ISSN 0255-3813

Hard copy editions of NATO Review are published four times a year in English, as well as in Danish (NATO Nyt), Dutch (NAVO Kroniek), French (Revue de l'OTAN), German (NATO Brief), Greek (Deltio NATO), Italian (Notizie NATO), Norwegian (NATO Nytt), Portuguese (Noticias da OTAN), Spanish (Revista de la OTAN) and Turkish (NATO Dergisi). One issue a year is published in Icelandic (NATO Frttir).

For further information contact:

    NATO Office of Information and Press,
    1110 Brussels, Belgium.
    FAX: (32-2) 707.4579
    E-mail: distribution@hq.nato.int

Publisher: Peter Daniel - NATO, 1110 Brussels, Belgium