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Updated: 15-Apr-2002 NATO Review



Table of Contents


1

THE JULY CSCE HELSINKI DECISIONS A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION
Victor-Yves Ghebali, Professor at the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva.

Set up in 1973, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) - or the Helsinki process- functioned until 1989 as an instrument to overcome the artificial division of Europe. Slowly but persistently chipping away at the Communist Wall of Jericho (a process that Perestroika accelerated and brought to its natural conclusion), the CSCE contributed to its final collapse.


 

No 4

1992



2

PURSUING A DURABLE PEACE IN
THE AFTERMATH OF THE COLD WAR

Johan Jorgen Holst
Minister of Defence of Norway

NATO is perhaps the most successful alliance in human history. For more than forty years, it has kept the peace in Europe. Of course we do not know what the world would have been like in its absence, history never reveals its alternatives, but there is every reason to believe that Soviet power would have transformed Europe, or large parts of it, according to the prescriptions of communist ideology and the Soviet command economy, properly modified to serve the interests of the Soviet state.


3

THE NATO ROLE IN EUROPE AND THE US ROLE IN NATO
Ambassador William H. Taft, IV.

Since I arrived in Brussels in 1989, several things have come to an end before my tour, most notably the Soviet Union. The Soviet world ended, it is true, not with a bang but a whimper; nevertheless, it ended. Endings are often abrupt, even if they are not noisy.

Beginnings, on the other hand, are often harder to pin down and specify. We cannot say yet with any confidence what is beginning in the former Soviet Union or when it began. The periods of transition between clear ends and indistinct beginnings are both challenging and important for the enterprise being begun. That is clearly the case in European security today.


4

JAPAN AND NATO AGENDA FOR POLITICAL DIALOGUE
Yukio Satoh

Director General of the North American Affairs Bureau of Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tokyo. This article represents his personal views and does not necessarlily represent the views of the Japanese Government.

The Action Plan of the Tokyo Declaration on the US-Japan Global Partnership, which President George Bush and Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa announced in January 1992, underlined the importance of political dialogue between Japan and NATO. This contrasts sharply with the low priority hitherto given to a security dialogue between Japan and Europe


5

EUROPEAN INTEGRATION AND NEW REGIONAL COOPERATION INITIATIVES
Ünal Çeviköz of NATO's Economics Directorate

There is a remarkable correlation between the growth of democratization movements in Central and Eastern Europe (C+EE) and the proliferation of new ideas for multilateral cooperation. As the centrally planned economies proved unsuccessful and the former communist countries announced their commitment to the market system, cooperation initiatives between East and West European countries multiplied.


6

LIMITED BALLISTIC MISSILE STRIKES. GPALS COMES UP WITH AN ANSWER
Ambassador Henry F. Cooper,
Director of the US Strategic Defense Initiative Organization,
Washington, D.C.

The collapse of the former Soviet Union coupled with the recent Gulf War with Iraq provides compelling evidence that defence against ballistic missile attack is more imperative than ever.

The stark consequences of ballistic missile proliferation in the Third Whorld were seen by millions of people around the world and felt by innocent civilians in Tel Aviv and Riyadh. Fortunately, we can only imagine what would have been the strategic consequences had Saddam Hussein possessed the ability to threaten with ballistic missile attack the undefended capitals of the world, including those in the NATO Alliance.


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