15 Dec. 2000
Meeting of the North Atlantic Council
held at NATO Headquarters, Brussels
on 14 and 15 December 2000
- At our meeting, we took stock of the progress made in NATO's ongoing
efforts to bring lasting peace and stability to South-East Europe, and
gave guidance for further implementation of the Washington Summit decisions.
- We reaffirm NATO's strong commitment to the achievement of security,
stability, peace, democracy and respect for human rights in South-East
Europe and will continue to pursue this objective vigorously, primarily
through the NATO-led peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
and in Kosovo. We welcome the progress achieved in our relations with
Croatia and the significant changes which have taken place in the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). These encouraging changes offer new prospects
of lasting stability in the region and further progress towards regional
integration. They also bring closer the day when all countries in the
region take their place in the Euro-Atlantic structures.
- We pay tribute to the men and women of all nations serving in SFOR
and KFOR for their professionalism and dedication to the cause of peace
and stability. We express our deep sympathy to the families of those
who have lost their lives or been injured in the course of their mission.
We are grateful to NATO's Partners and other nations for the substantial
contributions they are making to this effort. We reiterate our appreciation
for the ongoing efforts of Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia (1) in supporting KFOR.
- We reiterate our support for the territorial integrity and sovereignty
of all countries in the region. We emphasise our determination to promote
long-term stability based on regional reconciliation, goodneighbourliness,
confidence-building measures, regional co-operation, a lasting resolution
to the problem of refugees and displaced persons, and co-operation with
the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
- We welcome the results of the Summit meeting between the European
Union and the countries of the Stabilization and Association Process
held in Zagreb on 24 November 2000. This meeting was an important step
on the way towards reconciliation, increased regional co-operation and
long-term stabilisation. We also welcome in this regard the informal
Summit of the South-East Europe Cooperation Process organised in Skopje
on 25 October with the participation of all South-East Europe countries,
which was also the first meeting attended at summit level by the new
FRY democratic authorities.
- We welcome the democratic changes that have taken place in the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia after September's parliamentary and presidential
elections. We warmly welcome the admission of the FRY to the United
Nations, the OSCE and other international fora. We also welcome the
FRY's admission to the Stability Pact for South-East Europe, as well
as the normalisation of its diplomatic relationships with Allies. We
support the democratic aspirations of the people of the FRY and the
efforts of President Kostunica to lead his country towards the development
of democracy, respect for human rights, the rule of law and full international
participation. We look forward to the forthcoming parliamentary elections
in Serbia and hope that they will consolidate the democratic process.
- The democratic changes in the FRY will pave the way for increased
stability across the region and offer new opportunities for regional
co-operation. We welcome the FRY's willingness to improve its relations
with its neighbours, and to co-operate towards the full implementation
of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina
and United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244. We note the FRY's
more co-operative stance towards the ICTY and look forward to further
steps in this direction. We welcome the lessening of tension between
Serbia and Montenegro and the ongoing discussions on their future constitutional
relationship within the FRY.
- Recent acts of violence by insurgent elements in the Presevo Valley
and the Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) adjacent to the internal boundary between
Kosovo and Serbia, are of concern to NATO and KFOR. We commend the efforts
of KFOR to prohibit support from Kosovo for these elements. We condemn
the violence caused by extremists and call on the perpetrators to cease
their illegal activity forthwith. Any extremist activity and the possibility
of an escalation of violence present a continuing threat to stability
in the region, especially for neighbouring countries. We note the commitment
by the present FRY authorities to abide by the Military-Technical Agreement
(MTA), and to use the Joint Implementation Commission to address this
sensitive area, and recognise their current policy of restraint. We
express our strong support for the steps taken by COMKFOR to increase
control and enhance security, and welcome the recent positive correspondence
between President Kostunica and the Secretary General.
- We reaffirm our commitment to the full implementation of UNSCR 1244.
We are determined to continue working towards a peaceful, multi-ethnic,
multi-cultural and democratic Kosovo where all its people, irrespective
of ethnic origin or religion, can live in peace and security and enjoy
universal human rights and freedoms on an equal basis, including through
participation in democratic institutions. We express our strong support
for the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)
and the Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG), and
commend the excellent co-operation between KFOR and UNMIK in implementing
UNSCR 1244. We thank Dr. Bernard Kouchner for his efforts as SRSG, and
welcome the appointment of Mr. Hans Hækkerup, the Minister of
Defence of Denmark, to take up the position in January.
- The municipal elections in late October were a milestone for democratic
development in Kosovo. We applaud the conduct of these elections and
the close co-operation between KFOR and UNMIK in supporting the OSCE's
leading role in the process. These elections provide an important foundation
for the further development of provisional, democratic self-governing
institutions, in accordance with UNSCR 1244.
- We fully support the efforts of the SRSG to establish local democratic,
self-governing institutions in Kosovo. We call upon the new representatives
on the Kosovo municipal councils to carry out their duties responsibly,
in close co-operation with the international community. We encourage
all the people of Kosovo to participate fully in this process.
- The protection and security of all the people of Kosovo remain a
priority. KFOR will continue to play a key role in ensuring public security
in Kosovo and to carry out its duties in a robust and even-handed manner.
In this connection, we strongly commend KFOR's continued efforts regarding
the seizure and destruction of illegal arms. We note that substantial
progress has been made in reducing violence in Kosovo. Violence from
any quarter, whether ethnically, politically or criminally motivated,
is unacceptable. In particular, we condemn the recent bombing of the
FRY liaison office in Pristina and the politically motivated assassination
of Mr. Xhemajl Mustafa, Mr. Ibrahim Rugova's adviser. We remain concerned
about the high level of organised crime which is a continuing threat
to the people of Kosovo and neighbouring countries. We call upon all
Kosovo inhabitants to support the significant efforts being made by
KFOR and UNMIK to strengthen the rule of law. We welcome the increase
in numbers of UNMIK police, who are now deployed throughout the province,
and stress the importance of maintaining a high level of support to
UNMIK in this area. We also commend the efforts of the OSCE in training
and establishing the Kosovo Police Service (KPS). We support the efforts
of the international community to establish a functioning judicial system
in Kosovo, but acknowledge that much work remains to be done in this
- The release of all Kosovar Albanians detained in Serbia without proper
grounds is a matter of urgency, as is accurate accounting for all missing
persons, including in Kosovo. We are pleased to note that UNMIK and
the FRY have initiated constructive talks to help resolve these issues.
In this respect, we welcome especially the release of human rights campaigner
Flora Brovina as a step in the right direction. We also underscore the
right of all displaced persons and refugees, including Kosovo Serb and
other ethnic minorities, to return to their homes, under secure and
safe conditions. We call upon all communities in Kosovo to work towards
this goal in co-operation with KFOR and UNMIK.
- We note the progress that has been made in establishing the Kosovo
Protection Corps (KPC), and the reduced number of non-compliance cases.
We are aware that improvements are still needed, especially with regard
to full compliance, and will support efforts to ensure that the KPC
has the means and proper tasking to fulfil its designated civilian role.
KFOR will continue to exercise close supervision over the KPC.
- We welcome the decision of our Defence Ministers to maintain KFOR's
overall force levels at present and that the Council in Permanent Session
should conduct a further review of KFOR's role and missions.
- We remain firmly committed to the full implementation of the General
Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We fully support
the objectives of the Peace Implementation Council (PIC) as set out
in its Ministerial Meeting held in Brussels in May 2000, and its determination
to integrate Bosnia and Herzegovina as a single, multi-ethnic, democratic
state into Euro-Atlantic structures. Following the recent elections,
we hope to see the incoming executive and legislative authorities, at
state as well as entity level, in place and functioning effectively
as soon as possible. We will continue to work closely, in particular
through SFOR, with the High Representative and with other organisations,
such as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International
Police Task Force (IPTF) and the International Criminal Tribunal for
the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
- Five years after the conclusion of the Dayton Peace Agreement and
despite the sustained efforts and resources of the international community,
it is clear to us that greater and more rapid progress needs to be made
in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards a self-sustaining, multi-ethnic democracy.
The responsibility for achieving this lies with the leaders of communities
in Bosnia and Herzegovina, who have too often been unwilling to look
beyond their ethnic allegiances.
- We welcome the successful conduct of the general elections in November
under the supervision of the OSCE. We are encouraged by the increased
support for moderate parties, while the continuing appeal of hard-line
nationalist parties remains a cause for concern. We call on the newly
elected leaders of Bosnia and Herzegovina to commit themselves to the
full implementation of the Dayton Peace Accords, taking on greater responsibility
for and ownership of the process. In particular, we encourage them to
redouble their efforts to improve the functioning of state level institutions.
- We welcome the progress made so far in increased levels of refugee
returns, civil reconstruction, reductions in Entity military manpower
and defence expenditures, the inauguration of the State Border Service
and the continued compliance with the establishment of the Brcko district
and its demilitarisation. Nonetheless, important challenges remain.
In particular, further progress must be achieved in market reform, economic
re-construction and the creation of a self-sustaining economy and a
single economic space; the adjudication of property claims enabling
the return of refugees and displaced persons especially to areas in
which their ethnic groups are in the minority; improving the effectiveness
of all state level institutions and co-operation between Entities; transferring
to the ICTY persons indicted for war crimes; the fight against corruption,
organised crime and illegal secret services; judicial and police reform;
and the full functioning of the State Border Service. We support the
High Representative in his use of the authority accorded to him to advance
- We urge the leaders of Bosnia and Herzegovina to implement the objectives
of Annex I B of the Dayton Peace Agreement concerning confidence-building
and security measures. We encourage the Presidency to give priority,
through the Standing Committee on Military Matters (SCMM), to the relevant
military issues addressed by the Peace Implementation Council in May
2000. Bosnia and Herzegovina needs armed forces with a unified command
and control capable of joint deployment and joint action under international
and regional security organisations. We welcome the additional 15% reduction
in Entity military manpower and defence expenditures which will be accomplished
by the end of this year and call for rapid progress in further reducing
and restructuring the Entities' armed forces, pursuant to development
and implementation of a common defence policy. We support SFOR's efforts
in this regard and its efforts to strengthen the SCMM. We reaffirm our
commitment to further contribute to enhancing stability and confidence
in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to strengthen co-operation between the
Entities' armed forces. We call upon the countries neighbouring Bosnia
and Herzegovina to support the full implementation of the Dayton Peace
Agreement, in particular those countries which are signatories of this
- We endorse SFOR's continuing close working relationship with the
civilian agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We reaffirm that SFOR will
continue to support the International Criminal Tribunal for the former
Yugoslavia, while stressing that the Entities continue to carry primary
responsibility for bringing to justice persons indicted for war crimes.
- We welcome the conclusions of our Defence Ministers who reviewed
SFOR's force levels and structure and concluded that they should be
maintained for the present. They directed our Permanent Representatives
to provide advice on a medium-term strategy, including a full range
of options for the future size and structure of SFOR, for consideration
at their next meeting. We note, inter alia, the need to fully resource
the Multinational Specialised Units to agreed levels.
- We received the Consolidated Progress Report on the Implementation
of the Alliance's South-East Europe Initiative (SEEI). We noted with
satisfaction the achievements to date of the SEEI, launched at the Washington
Summit, which supports and encourages regional co-operation and helps
individual countries in their efforts to draw closer to Euro-Atlantic
institutions. NATO's efforts are aimed at enabling the countries of
the region to work together to ensure their own security and thus support
and complement the objectives of the Stability Pact for South-East Europe.
We welcome the progress achieved by the countries of the region in implementing
the specific activities in the framework of NATO's SEEI, including the
South East Europe Security Cooperation Steering Group (SEEGROUP) and
the Regional Common Assessment Paper on Regional Security Challenges
(SEECAP). Through such initiatives, the SEEI has also been making a
significant contribution to the Stability Pact, particularly to its
Working Table on security issues.
- We applaud the co-operation between the Alliance, the World Bank,
Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania, facilitated through the Stability Pact,
to retrain and reintegrate former military officers into the civilian
economy. The Alliance is ready to assist in drawing up a similar programme
for Albania. We look forward to contributing to the Stability Pact effort
to develop a South-East Europe regional civil-military emergency response
capability through its Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Initiative.
- We look forward to a further progress report from the Council in Permanent
Session on implementation of the SEEI and its contribution to the Stability
Pact at our next regular meeting in Spring 2001.
- We reviewed progress achieved to date in implementing the Defence
Capabilities Initiative (DCI), and endorse the statement by our Defence
Ministers on this subject. DCI will provide the forces and capabilities
the Alliance urgently requires to meet the security challenges of the
21st century by ensuring the effectiveness of future multinational operations
across the full spectrum of Alliance missions. DCI's purpose is to facilitate
the Alliance's movement towards forces that are more interoperable,
more mobile, readily deployable and highly capable. Furthering the objectives
of DCI continues to require sustained commitment - both at NATO and
in capitals. We believe that we have reached an important stage in implementing
the DCI. We remain committed to providing sufficient resources to ensure
its implementation. We are also committed to making the most effective
use of resources and to finding innovative approaches to overcoming
shortfalls in capabilities, taking advantage of national contributions
and possible co-operative and collective arrangements and mechanisms,
including multinational, joint and common funding. Ultimately, however,
the implementation of DCI will depend on the adequacy of national defence
budgets. We endorse the decision of our Defence Ministers to extend
until 2002 the mandate of the High Level Steering Group, which is charged
with overseeing the implementation of the DCI, in order to maintain
the necessary high level engagement by nations in the initiative.
- The DCI will also promote greater interoperability among Alliance
forces and, where applicable, between Allied and Partner forces. The
efforts of the Alliance and Allied nations to implement DCI and the
efforts of the EU to enhance European capabilities are mutually reinforcing.
Therefore, implementation of DCI will also strengthen the European pillar
of the Alliance and improve the capability of European Allies to undertake
EU-led operations where the Alliance as a whole is not engaged. Because
Partners have an important part to play in future NATO-led operations,
we welcome their current engagement in elements of the DCI.
- We took stock of the progress made to date on the development of the
European Security and Defence Identity in accordance with the decisions
taken at the Washington Summit and subsequent Ministerial meetings.
We reaffirmed our determination to reinforce NATO's European pillar
and remain committed to a balanced and dynamic transatlantic partnership.
We share the goal endorsed by EU Member States at the Nice European
Council for a genuine strategic partnership in crisis management between
NATO and the EU. The Alliance will remain the foundation for the collective
defence of its members and continue actively to play its important role
in crisis management as set out in the Strategic Concept. The partnership
between NATO and the EU and the development of a capable and effective
ESDI, in accordance with the principles set out at the Washington Summit
and subsequent Ministerial meetings, will strengthen the Alliance through
which we remain ready to pursue common security objectives wherever
- We welcome the intensification of the dialogue between the Alliance
and the European Union since our last meeting in Florence. In this context,
we look forward to the working dinner between Foreign Ministers of NATO
and the European Union later today, which is an important step towards
establishing a close, confident and mutually beneficial relationship
between the two organisations. We have made progress in the NATO-EU
ad hoc working groups which have met to discuss security issues, permanent
arrangements for consultation and co-operation, modalities for EU access
to NATO assets and capabilities, and capability goals - taking into
account all relevant matters, including those related to participation.
Together with the two meetings of the North Atlantic Council and the
EU interim Political and Security Committee in September and November,
they have enhanced the understanding of the two organisations and their
members on how they might most effectively cooperate in the future.
We look forward to their future work as well as to future meetings of
the North Atlantic Council and the Political and Security Committee
with a view to developing all the elements of the envisaged NATO-EU
relations. We also welcome the establishment of an interim security
agreement between the two organisations and note NATO's readiness to
conclude a permanent security agreement with the European Union as a
matter of priority.
- The European Allies are committed to further strengthening their military
capabilities and to reinforcing the Alliance's European pillar. This
will enhance their ability to contribute both to the Alliance's missions
and to EU-led operations for Petersberg tasks where the Alliance as
a whole is not engaged. We note that this process does not imply the
creation of a European army and that the commitment of national resources
for EU-led operations will be based on sovereign decisions. We welcome
the efforts made in the EU towards meeting its Headline Goal by 2003
as set out at the Helsinki European Council, thus contributing to the
improvement and strengthening of European military capabilities. Alliance
experts, on the basis of a Council decision, have contributed military
and technical advice to the work of EU experts on a catalogue of forces
and capabilities for the EU Headline Goal. We note the EU's acknowledgement
of the value of this input. NATO stands ready to provide, subject to
the necessary decisions, further expert advice upon request by the EU.
We welcome the pledges made at the recent EU Capabilities Commitment
Conference, noting the EU's appreciation of the significant additional
contributions offered by non-EU European Allies to the pool of forces
available for EU-led operations. Such contributions, as expressed on
21 November 2000 at the meeting between the EU and the non-EU European
Allies, are important and will enhance the range of capabilities potentially
available to the EU. We note the EU's recognition of the need for further
capability improvements. The Alliance's Defence Capabilities Initiative
is also supporting the enhancement of European capabilities. The objectives
arising from NATO's DCI and the EU's Headline Goal are mutually reinforcing.
- We note and welcome the proposals made by the European Council at
Nice for permanent arrangements to ensure full transparency, consultation
and co-operation between NATO and the EU. We agree that consultations
and co-operation will be developed between the two organisations on
questions of common interest relating to security, defence and crisis
management, so that crises can be met with the most appropriate military
response and effective crisis management ensured.
We look forward to the early establishment of such mutually satisfactory
arrangements based on the principles enunciated in Washington and at
subsequent Ministerial meetings, which will be taken into account in
the framework agreement establishing these arrangements. These arrangements
are key to a close, confident and transparent relationship between the
two organisations as foreseen at the Washington Summit.
We welcome the intention of the European Union that this dialogue
should be pursued through a regular pattern of meetings at Ministerial,
North Atlantic Council/Political and Security Committee, Military Committee
and expert level as well as through contacts with Secretariats to ensure
consultation, co-operation and transparency. We endorse the view of
the EU that in the emergency phase of a crisis contacts and meetings
will be stepped up. In the view of the Alliance, meetings between the
North Atlantic Council and the Political and Security Committee outside
times of crisis should be held not less than three times, and Ministerial
meetings once, per EU Presidency; either organisation may request additional
meetings as necessary.
We welcome the Nice provisions on invitations for the NATO Secretary
General, Chairman of the Military Committee and DSACEUR, in accordance
with his terms of reference, to EU meetings. For our part, on the basis
of reciprocity, we will invite the EU Presidency and Secretary General/High
Representative to NATO meetings. The Chairman of the EU Military Committee
or his representative will similarly be invited to meetings of the NATO
The Alliance agrees that these proposals constitute the basis for the
permanent NATO/EU agreement. We stand ready to work to finalise this
agreement without delay.
- We underline, as we did at the Washington Summit and subsequent Ministerial
meetings, the importance of finding solutions satisfactory to all Allies
to the issue of participation. We note the provisions agreed by the
European Council at Nice for dialogue, consultation and co-operation
with non-EU European Allies on issues related to security and defence
policy and crisis management and as well as the modalities for participation
in EU-led military operations. We welcome the commitment to intensify
consultation in times of crisis, which will also enable non-EU European
Allies to raise their concerns when they consider their security interests
might be involved. It is particularly important in this context that
non-EU European Allies can request meetings with the European Union
and submit proposals for agenda items.
Allies look forward to the broad and effective practical implementation
of these arrangements, in particular for consultation and co-operation
with the EU Political and Security Committee and EU Military Committee
and, as appropriate, with the EU military staff, so as to ensure that
the Allies concerned derive maximum benefit from them and to enable
the Allies concerned to contribute effectively. In this context, in
accordance with the Washington Treaty, we stress the importance we attach
to respecting the security interests of all Allies and the obligations
which they have to each other as Allies.
We also welcome the EU's decision at Nice on initial proposals to develop
dialogue, co-operation and consultation with Canada, including a commitment
to intensify consultation in times of crisis, particularly when the
EU is considering an operation using NATO assets and capabilities.
- Taking into account the evolution of relevant arrangements in the
EU, work on ESDI is continuing within the Alliance as directed at the
Washington Summit and agreed at subsequent Ministerial meetings. It
has proceeded on the principle that nothing will be agreed until everything
is agreed - the participation issue is also relevant in this context.
On this basis, and consistent with the decisions taken at Washington
and subsequent Ministerial meetings, work has progressed on the various
aspects of the Washington agenda. Subject to this, we intend to put
in place arrangements for: assured EU access to NATO planning capabilities
able to contribute to military planning for EU-led operations; the presumption
of availability to the EU of pre-identified NATO capabilities and common
assets for use in EU-led operations; the identification of a range of
European command options for EU-led operations, further developing the
role of DSACEUR in order for him to assume fully and effectively his
European responsibilities; and the further adaptation of the Alliance's
defence planning system, taking account of relevant activities in and
proposals from the European Union. Allies will be consulted on the EU's
proposed use of assets and capabilities, prior to the decision to release
these assets and capabilities, and kept informed during the operation.
- Important work remains to be done which we will pursue intensively.
We direct the Council in Permanent Session to continue work on the implementation
of the ESDI decisions on the basis of the agenda above, and to report
to us at our next meeting.
- We note the decisions taken at the Ministerial meeting of the WEU
held in Marseille in November, particular that WEU/NATO routine consultations
mechanisms will be suspended, except for those that still need to be
applied during the transition period, in particular for the joint exercise
study next year, JES 2001, to which we look forward. We appreciate the
WEU's important contribution to the development of the European security
and defence architecture. We have valued the close co-operation between
NATO and the WEU and pay tribute to the work of the WEU and NATO staffs
in support of it.
- Recalling the decisions taken at the Washington Summit, we reaffirm
the Alliance's commitment to remain open to new members. The Alliance
expects to extend further invitations in coming years to nations willing
and able to assume the responsibilities and obligations of membership,
and as NATO determines that the inclusion of these nations would serve
the overall political and strategic interests of the Alliance and that
the inclusion would enhance overall European security and stability.
No European democratic country whose admission would fulfil the objectives
of the Washington Treaty will be excluded from consideration regardless
of its geographic location, each being considered on its own merits.
- The Membership Action Plan (MAP) process underlines NATO's commitment
to its Open Door policy by assisting the nine aspiring countries in
their own efforts to prepare for possible future membership. We welcome
the streamlining of this process, which we have undertaken in consultation
with aspirants, to improve its efficiency and effectiveness. In the
second annual cycle of the MAP we continue to provide advice, feedback
and assistance to the aspiring countries on their preparations for possible
future membership. We noted a report on the implementation of the second
annual cycle to date. We welcome the aspirants' continuing strong commitment
to reform, including to defence reform and the modernisation of their
armed forces as expressed by their Defence Ministers, and encourage
them to build on the progress achieved so far. The aspirants should
continue to pursue vigorously the challenging goals they have set themselves,
ensuring that clear priorities are established and sufficient resources
allocated to them.
- We look forward to receiving a Consolidated Progress Report on the
results of the second annual cycle of the MAP at our next meeting, as
part of our ongoing review of the enlargement process, including the
implementation of the Membership Action Plan. Heads of State and Government
will review this process at the next Summit to be held no later than
- We continue to place high priority on the strengthening of our partnership
with all members of the Euro-Atlantic community through the EAPC and
the Partnership for Peace. We believe that Partnership is pivotal to
the role of the Alliance in promoting security and stability in the
Euro-Atlantic region and contributes to the enhancement of the Alliance's
capabilities in crisis management. We welcome the activities within
the EAPC/PfP framework to enhance transparency, confidence and co-operation
among all members of the Euro-Atlantic Community and we remain firmly
committed to the continued development of the EAPC as a key forum for
political consultation and practical co-operation on Euro-Atlantic security
- We note with satisfaction the many EAPC/PfP activities to promote
practical regional co-operation in South-East Europe, as well as in
the Caucasus and Central Asia. We value the role of the Regional Ad
Hoc Working Groups on South-East Europe and the Caucasus in promoting
and supporting regional co-operation. We welcome continued efforts in
the EAPC/PfP framework to support broader efforts underway to address
the proliferation of small arms and light weapons and in support of
global humanitarian mine action and the promotion of International Humanitarian
Law, among other EAPC priority areas. In particular, we welcome the
recent establishment of a PfP Trust Fund on Anti-Personnel Landmine
Stockpile Destruction and look forward to periodic reports on its activities.
We support steps to strengthen the EAPC/PfP co-operation in promoting
conflict prevention and crisis management, which will complement the
work of other relevant institutions. We also support initiatives for
further developing co-operation on information and outreach opportunities
and welcome Partners' continuing interest in co-operation in civil emergency
- We noted reports on the Enhanced and More Operational Partnership,
and the implementation of the Operational Capabilities Concept. We value
highly the continuing progress in making the Partnership for Peace more
operational and look forward to reviewing progress on these initiatives
at our next meeting. We look forward to exploring with our Partners
how we can help support their efforts to reorganise and restructure
their defence establishments and armed forces, and will continue to
make full use of the existing clearing house mechanisms to help Partners
ensure optimum use of scarce resources in these reform efforts. We remain
strongly committed to the full implementation of the Political-Military
Framework for NATO-led PfP operations. Within this Framework, we attach
great importance to enhancing Partners' roles in the political guidance
and oversight, planning, and command arrangements for NATO-led crisis
response operations. We look forward to receiving at our next meeting
a report by the Council in Permanent Session on progress achieved in
implementing the Political-Military Framework.
- We remain committed to building a strong, stable and enduring partnership
with the Russian Federation in accordance with the NATO-Russia Founding
Act, on the basis of the principles of transparency and reciprocity.
We welcome the progress made in resuming consultations and co-operation
on a broad range of issues in the framework of the Permanent Joint Council
- We attach great importance to the continued dialogue and co-operation
in the framework of the PJC on issues relating to the operations in
Bosnia and Kosovo, building on the valuable experience of practical
co-operation with Russian forces in both SFOR and KFOR.
- We value our ongoing consultations and co-operation with Russia in
the framework of the PJC on such issues as strategy, defence policy
and military doctrines, infrastructure development programmes, nuclear
weapons, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their
means of delivery, theatre missile defence, air defence, and other disarmament
and arms control issues, including CFE and Open Skies, scientific and
environmental issues, civil emergency preparedness, and the retraining
of discharged military personnel. In particular, we look forward to
implementing the programme of co-operation between NATO and Russia on
search and rescue at sea agreed by PJC Defence Ministers on 5 December
2000 and to the early signature of a Memorandum of Understanding with
Russia on environmental protection. We welcome the progressive resumption
of Russian participation in the EAPC and would welcome active Russian
participation in PfP.
- We welcome the exchange of letters on the establishment of a NATO
Information Office in Moscow and look forward to developing NATO's information
activities in Russia. We attach great importance to the further development
of military-to-military co-operation and are pursuing our negotiations
with Russia with a view to opening a NATO Military Liaison Mission in
Moscow in the near future, as called for in the Founding Act.
- In connection with the situation in North Caucasus, we reaffirm that
a mutually satisfactory, just and durable solution to the conflict in
Chechnya is urgent and essential and that the parties must take steps
to begin a dialogue that can lead to a settlement. While acknowledging
the right of Russia to preserve its territorial integrity and its right
and responsibility to protect all its citizens against criminality and
terrorism which we condemn in all its forms, we urge Russia to respect
its international obligations as a member of the UN, the OSCE, the Council
of Europe, as well as the relevant principles enshrined in the Founding
Act. We call on the Chechen side to co-operate in good faith in seeking
a solution to the conflict, to condemn terrorism and to take action
- We urge the Russian government to expedite the OSCE Assistance Group's
return to Chechnya under its existing mandate. We deplore the continued
loss of life and material damage inflicted upon the civilian population;
this calls for prompt and independent investigation of violations of
human rights and breaches of international law. We recall the importance
we attach to the efforts of humanitarian assistance organisations to
relieve the suffering of the displaced and call on Russia to support
- We value our relationship with an independent, democratic and stable
Ukraine and Ukraine's contribution to ensuring stability in Central
and Eastern Europe and the continent as a whole. We are satisfied with
the successful implementation of co-operative and consultative activities
under the NATO-Ukraine Work Plan, which has contributed to a steady
deepening of the distinctive partnership. We are determined to build
on these achievements in 2001 and to ensure further implementation of
the NATO-Ukraine Charter.
- We are pleased with Ukraine's enhanced participation in PfP, both
in its military and non-military aspects. We will continue to support
the implementation of Ukraine's defence reform and welcome the enhanced
role and new initiatives of the Joint Working Group on Defence Reform.
We encourage Ukraine to pursue these efforts, and in that regard we
welcome the approval of Ukraine's state programme for the reform of
the armed forces, and the recent Presidential Decree on its implementation.
We reiterate our appreciation for Ukraine's continuing contribution
to KFOR, which is an expression of Ukraine's commitment to our joint
effort to build peace and stability in the region. Our co-operation
in KFOR also contributes to improving interoperability between Ukraine's
forces and those of the Allies. We welcome the ratification by the Verkhovna
Rada of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- We continue to attach particular importance to the NATO Liaison Office,
which plays a key role in enhancing Ukraine's participation in PfP.
We also value the important role of the NATO Information and Documentation
Centre in Kyiv, as a means to increase public awareness of our distinctive
partnership and to consolidate it.
- NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue is an essential part of the Alliance's
co-operative approach to security, since security in the whole of Europe
is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We
are pleased with the progress achieved so far with respect to the implementation
of decisions on enhancing the Mediterranean Dialogue taken at the Washington
Summit, and look forward to co-operation in the field of search and
rescue, maritime safety, medical evacuation and humanitarian relief.
We reaffirm the progressive nature of the Dialogue, and will continue
to consider ways to strengthen the political and practical dimensions
of our co-operative relations with all the Mediterranean partners in
accordance with the Washington Summit decisions, in areas where NATO
can bring an added value and where partners have expressed interest.
We direct the Council in Permanent Session to report at our next meeting
on the political and practical co-operation in the Dialogue. We hope
that the Mediterranean Dialogue conference originally planned to take
place in November will be rescheduled as soon as possible.
- Although the Alliance is not involved in the Middle East Peace Process,
we strongly support it and urge all participants to remain firmly committed
- We applaud the 25th anniversary of the signing of the Helsinki Final
Act. We welcome the significant role played by the OSCE in the Euro-Atlantic
area, notably in South-East Europe. We encourage the speedy implementation
of the commitments undertaken and the initiatives launched at the Istanbul
Summit for strengthening the OSCE's operational capability, thus improving
its crisis management capacity. We recall NATO's support for the Platform
for Cooperative Security, in which the OSCE declared its intention to
work with other institutions. We welcome the substantial progress made
in the implementation of the Platform, particularly the enhanced contacts
and co-operation between NATO and the OSCE on matters of common interest.
- We welcome the work of the OSCE in assisting in the implementation
of the Dayton/Paris Peace Accords and its contribution to the creation
of a framework for peace and stability in South Eastern Europe. We call
upon the States participating in the negotiations on regional stability
under the Accords to make use of the fresh impetus generated by the
participation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the OSCE, with
the aim of concluding their work by the agreed deadline. NATO stands
ready to support the implementation of such an agreement within the
framework of the Stability Pact for South-East Europe.
- Recalling the Alliance's longstanding commitment to the goals of arms
control, disarmament and non-proliferation, we welcome the comprehensive
report on options for confidence and security building measures (CSBMs),
verification, non-proliferation and arms control and disarmament called
for by our Heads of State and Government in Washington. We task the
Council in Permanent Session to pursue vigorously implementation of
the recommendations contained in this report, including with Russia
through the PJC. A public report has been released as a NATO document.
- On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the signing of the CFE
Treaty we recognise the vital contribution the Treaty makes to the stability
and security of Europe. The overall implementation of the Treaty since
its entry into force in 1992 has brought positive results including
significantly reduced holdings of Treaty-limited equipment, enhanced
transparency and predictability. However, there continue to be both
substantive and technical concerns with specific aspects of CFE implementation,
which must be addressed. As we approach the next CFE review conference
in 2001, we will seek intensified efforts to resolve these issues. Pending
the completion of the process of ratifying the Adapted Treaty, the full
and continued implementation of the Treaty and its associated documents
- Early entry into force of the Adapted CFE Treaty, which was signed
last year by Heads of State and Government at the Istanbul OSCE Summit,
will ensure CFE's continuing viability as a cornerstone of European
security and stability. We are committed to that end and are pleased
that the Adapted Treaty will permit accession by new States Parties.
However, as we have made clear ever since Istanbul, we believe ratification
by our governments can only be envisaged in the context of compliance
by all States Parties with the Treaty's agreed levels of armaments and
equipment and consistent with the commitments contained in the CFE Final
Act. In this regard we welcome President Putin's recent reaffirmation
of Russia's intention to fulfill all CFE Treaty obligations and commitments.
We expect concrete results consistent with that assurance. We remain
particularly concerned about the continued high levels of Russian Treaty-limited
equipment in relation to the Treaty's Article V ("Flank")
limits. We continue to attach special importance to early and complete
fulfillment of Russia's assurances of 1 November 1999, that its current
equipment levels in the North Caucasus are of a temporary nature and
will be reduced to CFE limits as soon as possible, in conditions of
maximum transparency and in a manner consistent with agreed counting
rules and procedures.
- We look for no less timely and effective fulfillment of the CFE Final
Act commitments requiring the reduction and withdrawal of Russian military
forces from Georgia and Moldova in accordance with the timelines agreed
at Istanbul. We welcome progress thus far in Georgia, but note the importance
of full Russian withdrawal of excess Treaty-limited equipment by the
end of this year, and of actual closure of designated Russian military
bases by the middle of next year. However, there has been little tangible
progress in implementation of the unconditional commitment to complete
withdrawal of Russian forces from the territory of Moldova. To meet
the deadlines set at Istanbul, the pace of withdrawal should be accelerated.
We applaud and support the efforts of individual Allies and OSCE Partners
to facilitate these activities through financial and other assistance.
- We continue to attach great importance to the ratification of the
Open Skies Treaty and call on Russia and Belarus to ratify the Treaty
to allow it to enter into force as soon as possible. Joint trial observation
flights conducted by Signatories, including Russia, have demonstrated
the potential of the Open Skies Treaty for enhancing security and confidence.
- The proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons
and their means of delivery continues to be a matter of serious concern
for the Alliance as it poses risks to international and regional security
and can pose a direct military threat to Allies' populations, territory
and forces. The principal non-proliferation goal of the Alliance and
its members is unchanged: to prevent proliferation from occurring, or,
should it occur, to reverse it through diplomatic means. In this context
we continue to place great importance on non-proliferation regimes,
international arms control and disarmament, and export control regimes
as means to prevent proliferation.
- Our response to the NBC threat should be consistent with the indivisibility
of Allied security. We reaffirm that the Alliance's defence posture
must have the capability to address appropriately and effectively the
risks associated with the proliferation of NBC weapons and their means
of delivery. We note continued work in NATO inter alia on Theatre Missile
Defence for point and area defence, in particular on the feasibility
study on a possible system for the defence of deployed NATO forces.
We will continue consultations in the Alliance on TMD issues.
- The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is the cornerstone of the nuclear
non-proliferation regime and the essential foundation for the pursuit
of nuclear disarmament. Alliance nations have dramatically reduced nuclear
weapons and delivery systems, and reaffirm their commitment to work
for the further reduction of nuclear weapons globally. We confirm our
full support and commitment to the implementation of the conclusions
of the NPT Review Conference which agreed on the importance of universal
adherence to and compliance with the NPT, and reaffirmed the commitment
of all States Parties to disarmament, safeguards and peaceful nuclear
- Last May we welcomed Russian ratification of the START II Treaty.
We continue to attach greatest importance to an early entry into force
of that Treaty and of an early conclusion of a START III agreement,
while preserving and strengthening the ABM Treaty as a cornerstone of
strategic stability and a basis for further reductions of strategic
offensive weapons. Given the need to reduce the uncertainties surrounding
substrategic nuclear weapons in Russia, we believe that a reaffirmation
- and perhaps codification - of the 1991/92 Presidential Initiatives
might be a first, but not exhaustive, step in this direction. We remain
committed to an early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear
Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and, in the meanwhile, urge all states to refrain
from any acts which would defeat its object and purpose. Similarly,
we remain committed to the immediate commencement, in the Conference
on Disarmament, of negotiations on a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty
in accordance with the Mandate of the Special Coordinator.
- We continue to emphasise the importance of universal accession and
adherence to, as well as full compliance with, the Chemical Weapons
Convention. We continue to regard as a matter of priority the conclusion
of negotiations on appropriate measures, including possible verification
measures and proposals to strengthen the Biological and Toxin Weapons
Convention (BTWC), to be included as appropriate in a legally binding
instrument. We reiterate our commitment to efforts to achieve such an
instrument as soon as possible before the 5th Review Conference of the
BTWC in 2001. We remain strongly committed to the Missile Technology
Control Regime (MTCR) as an important element in our efforts to counter
the proliferation of means for delivering weapons of mass destruction.
During the past year, the MTCR partners have focused increasingly on
new ideas for addressing the ongoing global missile threat and responses
to face the challenge posed by indigenous missile programmes and exports.
We will encourage countries that are not part of the MTCR to subscribe
to and adopt its principles, commitments, confidence-building measures
and incentives. We support ongoing efforts to achieve a code of conduct
against ballistic missile proliferation on the basis of these ideas.
- We have continued consultations on the United States consideration
of a limited National Missile Defence system. We took note of President
Clinton's decision not to take steps now to begin deployment of such
a system. As the President noted, the view of NATO Allies was a critical
consideration in that decision. NATO will continue its consultations
on this issue.
- We are pleased that the implementation of the WMD Initiative is proceeding
well and that the newly established WMD Centre is already contributing
to improve co-ordination of all WMD-related activities at NATO Headquarters,
including the strengthening of our commitments to arms control and non-proliferation.
- The Alliance is currently engaged in very productive consultations
with Russia under the Permanent Joint Council on proliferation-related
matters, and we are continuing to prepare for discussions with Ukraine
in the NATO-Ukraine Commission, with Partners under the EAPC/PfP framework
and with Mediterranean Dialogue countries.
- We deplore the recent terrorist attacks against nationals of several
NATO countries and deeply regret the tragic loss of life. Terrorism
constitutes a threat to internal and international security, to peaceful
relations between States and to their territorial integrity, to the
development and functioning of democratic institutions throughout the
world and to the enjoyment of human rights and civil liberties. We strongly
condemn this scourge in all its manifestations, and reiterate our strong
determination to combat it in full compliance with all our international
commitments and national legislation.
- The Alliance has completed the review of the role of civil emergency
planning in NATO and agreed the political direction for the future.
It is currently translating that direction into structures and procedures.
The direction identified five roles for civil emergency planning, taking
into account the results of the Washington Summit, particularly the
Alliance's new Strategic Concept, experience in Bosnia and Kosovo and
the advice of the NATO Military Authorities. These are: civil support
for Alliance military operations under Article 5; civil support for
non-Article 5 crisis response operations; support to national authorities
in civil emergencies, including disaster response; support for national
authorities in the protection of populations against the effects of
weapons of mass destruction; and co-operation with Partners. We recognise
the important part played by the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination
Centre as a means of coordinating EAPC countries' humanitarian assistance
in times of disaster, bearing in mind the leading role of the United
Nations. Especially with a view to ensuring the effective conduct of
non-Article 5 crisis response operations, NATO civil emergency planning
will need increasingly to be coordinated with the work of the United
Nations, which has the primary responsibility for humanitarian relief,
and with other international organisations. Partners will be actively
involved in this work and will have a valuable contribution to make
to its success.
- We endorse the welcome of our Defence Ministers for the continuing
work and progress made to improve the resource management of the Alliance's
military common funded budgets.
- A separate review with the objective of securing greater transparency
and efficiency is also required for the NATO Civil Budget. We task the
Council in Permanent Session to make recommendations for further consideration
at our next meeting.
- We decided to hold the next NATO Summit in Prague and tasked the Council
in Permanent Session to identify an appropriate date.
recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name.