5 Dec. 2000
Meeting of the Defence Planning Committee
and the Nuclear Planning Group on 5 December 2000
- The Defence Planning Committee and Nuclear Planning Group of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation met in Ministerial Session in Brussels
on 5th December 2000.
- Collective defence planning remains the cornerstone of the Alliance's
ability to provide for the defence and security of its members. Today
we reviewed the national defence plans of Allies for the period 2001-2005
and beyond and have adopted a five-year force plan which addresses the
requirements of the future security environment.
- In reviewing Allies' plans, we paid particular attention to the progress
of implementation of the Defence Capabilities Initiative (DCI),
launched by Alliance Heads of State and Government at Washington
last year. We concluded that the DCI has significantly influenced
the future force plans of Allies and we welcomed the efforts underway
to improve Alliance capabilities in key capability areas such as provision
of strategic sea and airlift, precision guided munitions and further
progress in consultation, command and control capabilities. We recognised,
however, that it will be some time before Allies have fully developed
many of the capabilities highlighted in the DCI, partly reflecting resource
constraints. In this context, we also took stock of Allies' defence
expenditure plans. We noted that, this year, more Allies project real
increases in defence expenditure than was the case last year and that
greater emphasis is being put on improvements in the management of defence
resources and the potential benefits of multinational, joint and common
funding projects as ways to ensure greater cost-effectiveness in providing
the military capabilities the Alliance needs. On the other hand, we
realise that, in many cases, additional funds appear necessary to achieve
the required capability improvements set out in the DCI.
- We agreed on the need to continue to pursue greater efficiency in
defence spending and to ensure that defence spending priorities match
identified Alliance requirements. We also agreed to continue to seek
the necessary resources to ensure that our forces are properly equipped,
manned, trained and supported for the full range of Alliance missions.
We will continue to review the success of our efforts, based on a number
of important indicators, as part of our regular force planning work.
- As part of this year's annual defence review we also noted the planned
contributions by many Allies to support the European Union Headline
Goal, which were announced at the Capabilities Commitment Conference.
We expect that the objectives of the Headline Goal and DCI will be mutually
reinforcing and will give further impetus to the development of the
military capabilities of the countries concerned. Such enhanced capabilities
would also strengthen the ability of the Alliance to contribute to ensuring
security and stability. For each nation, there is only one set of forces
and resources. The possible overlapping of NATO and EU requirements
should be addressed and coordinated by the two organisations in a coherent,
transparent and consistent way, in order to harmonise those requirements
and to review progress in meeting them. In any event the autonomy of
NATO and EU institutional decision-making should be fully respected.
We will, therefore, continue to take account of commitments made by
Allies concerned to other organisations, to the extent that they have
consequences for NATO force planning.
- Against this background, we approved new Ministerial Guidance to
provide the framework for NATO and national defence planning in the
period until 2008 and beyond. The actions the Alliance had to undertake
last year to end the humanitarian crisis in Kosovo, and the instability
that still exists in this and other regions, provide a stark reminder
of the need for the Alliance to have substantial and robust forces able
to react rapidly to emerging crises. The ability and determination of
the Alliance to respond to non-Article
5 crises which threaten Euro-Atlantic security are closely linked
to its ability and resolve to continue to deter and defend against aggression
directed at Allies. The new Ministerial Guidance, therefore, emphasises
the importance of having sufficient forces with the required capabilities
for all likely missions, able to deploy quickly and to sustain themselves
for as long as required, able to carry out their tasks and protect themselves
effectively, and able to operate together effectively with the forces
of other nations engaged in the same operations.
- At our Nuclear Planning Group meeting, we reviewed the status of
NATO's nuclear forces and other related issues and activities. We received
with appreciation presentations by the United States Secretary of Defense
which included further information on U.S.-Russian efforts to establish
a Joint Data Exchange Center in Moscow to share information from early
warning systems regarding missile launches.
- We affirmed the continuing validity of the fundamentally political
purpose and the principles underpinning the nuclear forces of the Allies
as set out in the Alliance's 1999 Strategic
Concept. NATO's nuclear forces are a credible and effective element
of the Alliance's strategy of preventing war, and they are maintained
at the minimum level of sufficiency to preserve peace and stability,
and under conditions that meet the highest standards of safety and security.
Nuclear forces based in Europe and committed to NATO continue to provide
an essential political and military link between the European and North
American members of the Alliance.
- We reaffirmed the continued importance attached by Allies to full
implementation of and compliance with international nuclear disarmament
and non-proliferation regimes. We confirmed our commitments made at
this year's Review Conference on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and will contribute to carrying forward the
conclusions reached there. NATO Allies continue to support the ratification,
early entry into force, and full implementation of the Comprehensive
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and remain committed to the immediate
commencement and rapid conclusion of negotiations on a non-discriminatory,
multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable and universal
Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT).
- We expressed our full support to the United States and the Russian
Federation for an early implementation of START II and for future negotiations
on the basis of an agreed START III framework to reduce significantly
the number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads of both countries.
We also recalled the drastic reductions of NATO's nuclear forces in
the new security environment, and renewed our call on Russia to complete
the reductions in its non-strategic nuclear weapons stockpile, as pledged
in 1991 and 1992 for implementation by the end of the year 2000.
- We welcomed the resumption of exchanges with the Russian Federation
on a range of nuclear weapons issues, under the auspices of the NATO-Russia
Permanent Joint Council, and we look forward to further exchanges in
the spirit of improved transparency and full reciprocity.
- At the 1999 Washington Summit, the Alliance agreed to consider options
for confidence and security building measures, verification, non-proliferation
and arms control and disarmament in the light of overall strategic developments
and the reduced salience of nuclear weapons. We received a comprehensive
final report on the nuclear elements of this work and endorsed its conclusions,
in particular proposals made in the area of confidence and security
building measures and increased transparency as a basis for enhanced
understanding, trust and cooperation. We commend the High Level Group
for this valuable contribution to the overall Alliance work in fulfilling
the Summit remit.