Chapter 3: Logistic Support of the Alliance's
301. The Alliance's New Strategic Concept was agreed by the Heads
of State and Government at the meeting of the
North Atlantic Council (NAC) in Rome on 7th-8th November 1991.
The security challenges and risks which NATO now faces are
different in nature from what they were in the past. The threat of
a simultaneous, full-scale attack on all of NATO's European
fronts has effectively been removed and thus no longer provides
the focus for Allied strategy. In contrast with the predominant
threat of the past, the risks to Allied security that remain are
multi-faceted in nature and multi-directional, which makes them
hard to predict and assess. The end of East-West confrontation
has been greatly reduced. Since then, security related
developments have been faster and more fundamental than was expected.
This was recognized in the decisions of the June 1992 Foreign
Ministers Meeting in Oslo and particularly at the January 1994
Brussels Summit which required examination of how the Alliance's
political and military structures and procedures might be developed
and adapted to conduct more efficiently and flexibly the
Alliance's missions, including peacekeeping, as well as to improve
cooperation with the Western European Union (WEU) and to reflect the
emerging European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI).
302. Therefore, the Military Committee (MC) Directive
for Military Implementation of the Alliance's Strategic Concept -
first issued as MC 400 in December 1992 - was reviewed
and published as MC 400/1 in June 1996. It provides detailed
military strategic guidance, specifies Alliance military missions,
requirements and capabilities and establishes structural principles.
In particular it takes into account the new challenges such as:
- the emerging ESDI;
- NATO enlargement;
- the increased importance of cooperation with the
United Nations (UN), the WEU and the Organization
for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE); and
- the particular challenges of NATO's involvement
in peace support operations (PSO).