Chapter 12: Host Nation Support
1207. HNS planning is part of the overall Operational
Planning Process. The operational environment that may generate
HNS requirements includes the deployment of NATO HQs,
multinational HQs and forces for exercises or for operations during peace,
crisis, or conflict.
1208. MC 334 confers upon the NATO Commander a
significant role in HNS planning. NATO Commanders are expected to
establish the overall force requirements for HNS, to initiate and
conclude HNS agreements on behalf of NATO and multinational HQs,
and to initiate negotiations with Host Nations when the Sending
Nations are not known. The NATO Commander must carefully
structure the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) so as to enable
the Sending Nations, once identified, to accede to the agreement
with minimal modifications.
1209. How to plan for HNS and how to prepare
HNS arrangements and agreements is the subject of the Allied
Logistics Publication 12 (ALP-12). The mechanisms for obtaining HNS
for Multinational Forces are valid for multinational military
activities in peacetime, crisis and conflict, and could also be applied
when HNS is bilaterally arranged directly between nations.
The planning and implementation process consists of five stages.
- Stage 1: The NATO Commander during his
Mission Analysis identifies the need for HNS in support of
the contingency plan taking into consideration the
require-ments of the Sending Nation where these can
be identified. He drafts a Requirement Statement
(RS) which, after validation by the appropriate MNC, is
sent to the Host Nation. For operations where the
Sending Nations can be identified, the MNC should seek
their authoritization to negotiate on their behalf.
- Stage 2: The objective of the second stage is
the development of an MOU to be first approved by
the NATO Funding Committees and then agreed by the MNC and the Host Nation at governmental level.
This MOU is a strawman paper covering inter alia
the responsibilities for the various parties involved,
and financial considerations. For detailed
arrangements reference is made to Technical Arrangements (TA)
which will be developed at the next stage.
- Stage 3: A Joint Planning Committee (JPC) is
established by the Designated Major Subordinate Command
(MSC) and the Chief of Defence Staff (CHOD) or Ministry
of Defence (MOD) of the Host Nation. TAs are
produced. Broad functional support requirements (land, air,
maritime, security, transportation, telecommunications,
facilities, financial, etc.) are considered at military level and
Annexes to the TAs address the generic support agreed upon.
- Stage 4: The NATO Commander and the Host
Nation then develop and sign a Joint Host Nation Support
Plan (JHNSP) spelling out in detail how the requirements
will be met by the Host Nation. This JHNSP still remains
a generic plan which is the fifth and final stage will
become an executable plan.
- Stage 5: At this time, operational plans are mature
and Sending Nations have committed forces. Joint
Implementation Committees (JIC) do detailed planning which
will result in specific plans called Joint Implementation
Plans (JIP). Signature by NATO Commanders, Host Nation
and Sending Nations is required prior to implementation
(in peace, crisis and conflict).