October 1997

Chapter 11: Civil Emergency Planning

Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee
(SCEPC) - AC/98

1107. The senior NATO body involved is the SCEPC, chaired by the Assistant Secretary General (ASG) for SILCEP, and supported by the Civil Emergency Planning Directorate (CEPD). The SCEPC meets monthly in Permanent Session, with representatives drawn from the national delegations at NATO HQ, and bi-annually in Plenary Session with a membership drawn from senior representatives from capitals. Representatives of the IS Logistics Directorate and the International Military Staff (IMS) Logistics, Armaments & Resources Division, and the MNCs attend all meetings.

1108. SCEPC co-ordinates and gives guidance to the activities of nine Planning Boards and Committees (PB&Cs) (see Annex A), many of which deal with the provision of civil resources for the logistic support of Alliance forces. They are:

Planning Board for Ocean Shipping (PBOS) - AC/271

1109. The PBOS plans for the provision of transportation of persons and goods by sea in crisis and conflict within and beyond NATO's area of responsibility. The Planning Board operates on the principle that shipping cannot be treated on a regional basis and that the worldwide interrelation of all shipping activities must be taken into account in securing the benefit of shipping services, including vessels and facilities controlled by countries not party to the North Atlantic Treaty. In carrying out its functions, PBOS allows for the needs of countries and territories beyond NATO's area of responsibility for which a measure of shipping responsibility might have to be borne in wartime.

Planning Board for European Inland Surface Transport (PBEIST) - AC/15

1110. The PBEIST coordinates planning for the use in crisis and conflict of:

  • seaports and emergency anchorages and transport by road, rail and inland waterways, including their respective infrastructure;
  • inland transport of petroleum, oil and lubricants (POL), excluding pipelines; and
  • the transport of ammunition, explosives and other hazardous cargoes.

It also coordinates, wherever necessary, short sea and feeder services, in coordination with the Planning Board of Ocean Shipping (PBOS) which is generally competent for shipping.

Civil Aviation Planning Committee (CAPC) - AC/107

1111. The CAPC also operates on the principle that civil aviation cannot be treated on a regional basis and that the worldwide interrelation of all aviation activities must be taken into account. The general and primary aims of civil aviation planning in NATO, as represented by CAPC, are to assist in maximizing the availability of the civil aviation resources of member nations during crisis and war, and to optimize the Alliance's use of civil aviation resources in support of both military operations and essential civil requirements.

Food and Agriculture Planning Committee (FAPC) - AC/25

1112. The FAPC monitors the state of readiness of the national civil emergency plans of member nations in the fields of food and agriculture, and makes recommendations to SCEPC for action by nations as regards coordination, mutual cooperation or common action within the framework of the Alliance.

Industrial Planning Committee (IPC) - AC/143

1113. The IPC develops plans in peacetime which:

  • ensure the continued availability of, and equitable and effective distribution within the Alliance of, essential industrial supplies and services for both civil and military purposes; and
  • coordinate the mobilization and use of industrial resources by member nations in support of the overall defence effort in crisis and war.

Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC) - AC/12

1114. The function of the PPC is to maximize NATO's readiness to meet oil shortfalls, and to develop and maintain adequate arrangements for a continued supply and equitable distribution of civilian supplies of oil and oil products for both civil and military purposes in times of crisis and war.

Joint Medical Committee (JMC) - AC/320

1115. The JMC carries out such joint civil/military planning as cannot adequately be undertaken by the individual NATO member nations without harmonization, mutual cooperation, or common action within the framework of the Alliance.

Civil Communications Planning Committee (CCPC) - AC/121

1116. The CCPC is responsible for civil communication matters under NATO civil emergency arrangements. Civil communication planning provides for the maintenance of communication services for political, economic and military purposes; in this context the term "civil communications" is seen as telecommunication facilities and services, both public and leased, postal services and any other related services provided by NATO countries, excluding military owned and NATO owned telecommunication facilities.

Civil Protection Committee (CPC) - AC/23

1117. Within the framework of the general aims of Civil Emergency Planning, the CPC carries out international cooperation as appropriate with regard to protection of the population and disaster relief. As such it is the focal point for all NATO and Partner countries regarding pre-disaster planning and post-disaster analysis.

 [ Go to Index ]  [ Go to Homepage ]  [ Go to Homepage ]