2 Aug. 1993
by the Secretary
- The North Atlantic Council held a special meeting this
afternoon to discuss the situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- The Council re-affirmed its support for the negotiations in
Geneva to ensure a cease-fire and promote a fair and viable settlement
acceptable to all parties in Bosnia-Herzegovina, based on the
principles of the London Conference.The Alliance is willing to
participate in the implementation of such a settlement under the
authority of the UN Security Council.
- The Allies regard the dire humanitarian situation in Bosnia-
Herzegovina and particularly in Sarajevo, including repeated
violations of cease-fires, as unacceptable.They warn the parties to
the conflict of their determination to take effective action in
support of UN Security Council decisions. Since 22 July the Alliance
has been ready to provide protective air power in case of attack
against UNPROFOR in the performance of its overall mandate, on the
basis of UN Security Council Resolution 836. The Alliance has now
decided to make immediate preparations for undertaking, in the event
that the strangulation of Sarajevo and other areas continues,
including wide-scale interference with humanitarian assistance,
stronger measures including air strikes against those responsible,
Bosnian Serbs and others, in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- These measures will be under the authority of the United
Nations Security Council and within the framework of relevant UN
Security Council resolutions, and in support of UNPROFOR in the
performance of its overall mandate.For that purpose, full co-ordination will be carried out with the United Nations, including
appropriate arrangements between the NATO Military Authorities and
UNPROFOR and consultation with UNHCR.
- The Council has accordingly tasked the NATO Military
Authorities urgently to draw up, in close co-ordination with UNPROFOR,
operational options for air strikes, including the appropriate command
and control and decision-making arrangements for their implementation.
- The Allies stress the limited humanitarian purposes of the
military measures envisaged and urge all the parties to seize this
opportunity to achieve a viable settlement.
- The Council will meet again as soon as the NATO Military
Authorities have reported in order to review progress in the Geneva
negotiations and the situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina, especially
around Sarajevo and the other safe areas. The Council will then
consider, in consultation with the UN Authorities, and taking account
of any report from the Co-Chairmen of the International Conference on
the former Yugoslavia, whether military action by Allies referred to
in paragraph 3 is necessary. Any such action by the Alliance will be
dependent upon the future behaviour of the parties to the conflict in
- I have conveyed the conclusions of our meeting this evening
to the UN Secretary-General.