17 Dec. 1992
on Former Yugoslavia
- We are profoundly disturbed by the deteriorating
situation in the former Yugoslavia, which constitutes a
serious threat to international peace, security, and
stability. Recent meetings in Edinburgh, Stockholm and Geneva
have made clear the international community's impatience with
the situation, its determination that the carnage and
lawlessness in former Yugoslavia be brought to a halt, and its
commitment to a negotiated, peaceful and lasting settlement.
We are contributing individually and as an Alliance to the
implementation of UN Security Council resolutions, and we are
prepared to respond to further requests for such
- Primary responsibility for the conflict in Bosnia-
Herzegovina lies with the present leadership of Serbia and of
the Bosnian Serbs. They have sought territorial gains by
force and engaged in systematic gross violations of human
rights and international humanitarian law, including the
barbarous practice of "ethnic cleansing". There is the
systematic detention and rape of Muslim women and girls.
Relief convoys are being harassed and delayed.All such acts
must cease. Those individuals responsible for atrocities,
whatever party they belong to, are accountable for their
actions and liable to be judged accordingly. To this end, we
welcome consideration of the creation of an ad hoc tribunal.
- We reject any unilateral changes in borders,
territory, or populations. The sovereignty and territorial
integrity of the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina must be
restored.We call upon all parties in Bosnia-Herzegovina to
accept the Geneva Conference draft outline constitution as a
basis for negotiations. We strongly support the continuing
efforts of the UN and EC Co-Chairmen of the International
Conference on Former Yugoslavia (ICFY).
- We are deeply concerned about possible spillover of
the conflict, and about the situation in Kosovo. We call
urgently on all parties to act with restraint and moderation.
Serious negotiations on the restoration of autonomy to Kosovo
within Serbia and the guarantee of full human rights should
begin immediately under the ICFY. We are in favour of a UN
preventive presence in Kosovo. An explosion of violence in
Kosovo could, by spreading the conflict, constitute a serious
threat to international peace and security and would require
an appropriate response by the international community.
- We support CSCE efforts and a substantial increase
in international conflict prevention measures, such as
monitoring missions, and expect cooperation from all parties.
We urge further speedy preventive steps by the UN or the CSCE
to help defuse existing tensions. In that context, we welcome
the decision of the United Nations Security Council to place
peacekeeping forces on the borders of the Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia with Albania and Serbia and Montenegro.
- Strict enforcement of UN embargoes is essential.We
urge nations to continue efforts to tighten their enforcement.
- The Alliance has contributed personnel and equipment
to the UNPROFOR II Headquarters in Bosnia-Herzegovina, is
helping to enforce UN embargoes in the Adriatic, and is
providing to the UN data obtained from NATO Airborne Early-
Warning (AWACS) aircraft to help monitor the Bosnia-
Herzegovina no-fly zone. Members of the Alliance are prepared
to take further steps to assist the UN in implementing its
decisions to maintain international peace and security.
- The Security Council will shortly consider adopting
a resolution on enforcement of the No-Fly Zone, bearing in
mind the need to continue the current humanitarian effort in
Bosnia.Should such a resolution be adopted, and should
violations continue thereafter, we would be prepared to
support the UN in enforcing that resolution.
- In view of the continuing attacks on Sarajevo, we
urge the Security Council to consider further measures as soon
as possible, as set out in the 9th December Statement of the
UN Security Council President.
- All parties, but in particular the Serbian
authorities, in and outside Bosnia-Herzegovina must cooperate
fully with UNHCR and UNPROFOR. We recall that UNSCR 770
authorizes all measures necessary to ensure relief deliveries
to Bosnia, and that interference in relief activities is an
international crime. All must refrain from any action which
might jeopardize the safety of UNPROFOR and other UN
personnel. If requested by the UN, the Alliance would be
prepared to take appropriate measures if any of these
personnel are threatened or harmed.