5 June 1992
- We, the Foreign Ministers and Representatives of the
countries participating in the North Atlantic Cooperation Council
have gathered in Oslo to consult on the major security issues,
including regional conflicts as well as nuclear weapons issues,
in the area stretching from Vancouver to Vladivostok and to
deepen further our cooperation, building on our two previous
meetings.We are pleased today to welcome Georgia as a member of
this Council. We also welcome the membership of Albania in the
North Atlantic Cooperation Council.
- It is only six months since our first meeting but already the North Atlantic Cooperation Council has proved its value as a forum for closer cooperation and consultation among our countries, contributing to our own and to international security. We note with satisfaction the ongoing implementation of our Work Plan for Dialogue, Partnership and Cooperation. Regular meetings of cooperation partners with the North Atlantic Council and its subordinate bodies on security and related issues - including political, military, economic, scientific and environmental subjects - and exchanges on concrete problems such as defence conversion and civil/military coordination of air traffic management, enable us to pursue effective action to achieve our shared goals. Practical cooperation on defence matters is expanding. However, this represents only a beginning and much remains to be done. The experience gained will enable us to develop further our cooperation and to respond to specific needs of our countries.
- Our Council contributes to the building of a new security
architecture based on cooperative relations among states and a
network of mutually reinforcing institutions. In support of the
CSCE process and other institutions, we will work to increase
stability and confidence and to promote transparency. Frameworks
of regional cooperation will also be important in enhancing the
CSCE process. We reaffirm the importance of efforts to create
modern, competitive market economies with a view to overcoming
grave economic disparities and thus enhancing our common security
and stability. We are striving to reduce armed forces and
armaments to minimum levels consistent with legitimate security
requirements and to ensure democratic control of armed forces.
- The CSCE has a vital role to play in achieving a more peaceful and cooperative Europe. We are committed to working with all CSCE participating states to ensure that the Helsinki Summit opens a significant new chapter in the CSCE process.In this respect, we attach particular importance to enhancing the CSCE's operational and institutional capacity to contribute to conflict prevention, crisis management and the peaceful settlement of disputes, including peacekeeping, making use of the potential and support of CSCE countries and other organisations which are prepared to contribute. In this context, we have noted with interest yesterday's statement by Alliance Foreign Ministers in paragraph 11 regarding support for peacekeeping activities under the responsibility of the CSCE.
- Regional conflicts and ethnic tensions have not yet been
eliminated from the CSCE area. These are of direct concern to us
and must be resolved by peaceful means in accordance with
international law and principles embodied in the Helsinki Final
Act, the Charter of Paris and other CSCE documents.
We deplore the continuing resort to force and resulting loss
of life, as well as the suffering and extensive destruction in
the territory of the former Yugoslavia, of which the tragedy in
Bosnia-Herzegovina is yet another example. Although all parties
to the conflict have contributed in their own way to the present
state of affairs, the main responsibility falls on the
authorities in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and
Montenegro) including the JNA. We express our strong support for
the efforts of the UN, the CSCE and the European Community to end
the hostilities and to find a negotiated solution to the crisis.
We trust that Resolution 757 approved by the United Nations
Security Council will convey the determination of the
international community to pursue such objectives.
We are also profoundly disturbed by the escalation in the
fighting, loss of life, suffering and extensive destruction in
the crisis in Nagorno-Karabakh and beyond.We welcome the
decision to convene the CSCE Conference in Minsk as well as all
steps - such as the emergency preliminary meeting in Rome -
designed to ensure its success, and the actions taken in the
framework of the CSCE to bring about a peaceful solution to this
conflict.We will contribute towards this goal and urge all
parties concerned to do likewise.We support efforts within the
CSCE to agree arrangements for the timely introduction of
civilian observers to the region to contribute to the peace
process and we note the readiness of members of our Council to
participate in such a mission.
We call on all parties involved in both cases
immediately to establish effective ceasefires as fundamental
contributions to the negotiation of peaceful solutions.We also
call on all parties to facilitate the provision of urgently
needed humanitarian assistance to the victims of both conflicts.
We stress that any attempt through the use of force to acquire
territory, change boundaries or achieve political ends is
unacceptable and can only undermine efforts to achieve the
lasting, negotiated and peaceful settlements which are essential.
- Military forces should be stationed on the territory of a
foreign state only with the consent of that state.We recognize
the importance of establishing soon, in the negotiations
underway, a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from
the Baltic states.
- We are deeply concerned by the dangers of nuclear
proliferation, including by diversion of nuclear materials, and
we attach the greatest importance to the safety and security of
nuclear weapons.In this context, we stress the vital role
played by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
(NPT) and the safeguards system of the International Atomic
Energy Agency in preventing the further spread of such weapons
and of nuclear-weapons technology and expertise.We therefore
reiterate our unequivocal support for the Treaty and undertake to
do everything we can to guarantee its integrity and further its
objectives.We urge all states which have not yet acceded to it
to do so as non-nuclear weapon states without delay and we call
upon all states parties fully to abide by their obligations.
With a view to reducing nuclear arsenals, we call for speedy
ratification and entry into force of the START Treaty and
implementation of other commitments to cut back, transfer and
eliminate nuclear forces.
- The consolidation and implementation of existing arms
control, disarmament and confidence-building agreements, and the
negotiation of new initiatives in the new CSCE Forum for Security
Cooperation to be established within the CSCE, are fundamental to
the cooperative security process.In support of these aims:
- we welcome agreement on the Final Document of the
Extraordinary Conference which will provide the basis for the
entry into force of the CFE Treaty, with all the new states
within the CFE area of the former Soviet Union as full
participants.We note with appreciation the contribution of the
High Level Working Group to this successful result.Those of us
concerned reaffirm our determination to bring into force the
Treaty by the time of the Helsinki Summit Meeting of the CSCE on
9-10 July 1992 and stress the necessity of states parties
concerned taking the steps necessary as soon as possible in order
to meet this target date;
- we support the determination of the participants in the CFE
IA negotiations to reach an agreement to limit the personnel
strength of their conventional armed forces in time for the
- we emphasize the importance of prompt and full
implementation of the provisions of the Vienna 1992 Document on
confidence and security building measures by all CSCE states; it
will strengthen stability and promote transparency within the
- we look forward to the early entry into force of the Treaty
on Open Skies and adherence to it by interested states which are
participating in the CSCE but are not original signatories to the
Treaty as provided for by Article XVII of the Treaty and called
for in the CSCE Open Skies Declaration of 24 March 1992;
- we urge all states to exercise restraint and responsibility
in the field of conventional arms transfers and call on all to
submit full relevant data to the UN Register of Arms Transfers.
- The eradication of chemical weapons is a challenge for all
nations.We urge the conclusion this year and early entry into
force of a global, comprehensive and effectively verifiable ban
on chemical weapons.
- Finland attended this meeting as an observer at its request.
- We look forward to the next meeting of the North Atlantic
Cooperation Council in Brussels in December 1992.
- We express our deep appreciation for the gracious
hospitality extended to us by the Kingdom of Norway.