11th Jan. 1982
- The Allied governments condemn the imposition of martial law in Poland
and denounce the massive violation of human rights and the suppression
of fundamental civil liberties in contravention of the United Nations
Charter, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Final Act
- The process of renewal and reform which began in Poland in August
1980 was watched with sympathy and hope by all who believe in freedom
and self determination; it resulted from a genuine effort by the overwhelming
majority of the Polish people to achieve a more open society in accordance
with the principles of the Final Act of Helsinki.
- The imposition of martial law, the use of force against Polish workers,
with the thousands of internments, the harsh prison sentences and the
deaths that followed, have deprived the Polish people of their rights
and freedoms, in particular in the field of trade unions. These acts
threaten to destroy the basis for reconciliation and compromise which
are necessary to progress and stability in Poland. They are in clear
violation of Polish commitments under the Helsinki Final Act, particularly
the principle relating to respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Developments in Poland demonstrate once again the rigidity of the Warsaw
Pact regimes with respect to those changes necessary to meet the legitimate
aspirations of their peoples (1). This endangers
public confidence in co-operation between East and West and seriously
affects international relations.
- The Allies deplore the sustained campaign mounted by the Soviet Union
against efforts by the Polish people for national renewal and reform,
and its active support for the subsequent systematic suppression of
those efforts in Poland. These acts cannot be reconciled with the Soviet
Union's international undertakings, and in particular with the principles
of the Final Act of Helsinki, especially those dealing with sovereignty,
non-intervention, threat of force, and selfdetermination. The Soviet
Union has no right to determine the political and social development
- The Allies call upon the Polish leadership to live up to its declared
intention to re-establish civil liberties and the process of reform.
They urge the Polish authorities to end the state of martial law, to
release those arrested, and to restore immediately a dialogue with the
Church and Solidarity. Only with reconciliation and genuine negotiation
can the basic rights of the Polish people and workers be protected,
and the economic and social progress of the country be secured. Poland
could then expect to enjoy fully the benefits of stability in Europe
and of constructive political and economic relations with the West.
- The Allies call upon the Soviet Union to respect Poland's fundamental
right to solve its own problems free from foreign interference and to
respect the clear desire of the overwhelming majority of the Polish
people for national renewal and reform. Soviet pressure, direct or indirect,
aimed at frustrating that desire, must cease. The Allies also warn that
if an outside armed intervention were to take place it would have the
most profound consequences for international relations.
- In their communiqué of 11th December,
1981, NATO Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to work for a climate
of confidence and mutual restraint in East-West relations; what has
since happened in Poland has great significance for the development
of security and co-operation in Europe. The persistence of repression
in Poland is eroding the political foundation for progress on the full
agenda of issues which divide East and West.
- The Allies remain committed to the policies of effective deterrence
and the pursuit of arms control and in particular have welcomed the
initiatives contained in President Reagan's 18th November speech. The
Soviet Union will bear full responsibility if its actions with regard
to Poland and its failure to live up to existing international obligations
damage the arms control process. A return to the process of real reforms
and dialogue in Poland would help create the atmosphere of mutual confidence
and restraint required for progress in negotiations in the field of
arms control and limitations, including the Geneva talks on Intermediate-Range
Nuclear Forces due to resume on 12th January.
- In view of the grave developments in Poland, which constitute a serious
violation of the Helsinki Final Act, the Allies agreed that the Madrid
Conference should deal with the situation as soon as possible at the
level of Foreign Ministers.
- The Allies will also intensify their efforts to bring to the attention
of world public opinion and international organizations, including the
United Nations and its specialized agencies such as the International
Labour Organization, the violation of human rights and acts of violence
- Each Ally will, in accordance with its own situation and legislation,
identify appropriate national possibilities for action in the following
- further restrictions on the movements of Soviet and Polish diplomats,
and other restrictions on Soviet and Polish diplomatic missions
- reduction of scientific and technical activities on non-renewal
of exchange agreements.
Meanwhile the Allies emphasise:
- their determination to do what lies in their power to ensure that
the truth about events in Poland continues to reach the Polish people
despite the obstacles created by the authorities in Warsaw and Moscow
in direct contravention of their obligations under the Helsinki
- their resolve that the quality of their relations with the military
regime in Poland should reflect the abnormal nature of the present
situation and their refusal to accept it as permanent;
- their willingness to contribute, with other governments, to the
solution of the problem of Polish citizens now abroad and unable
or unwilling to return to their own country (1).
- The Allies recognize the importance of economic measures to persuade
the Polish authorities and the Soviet Union of the seriousness of Western
concern over developments in Poland, and stress the significance of
the measures already announced by President Reagan (1).
- Regarding economic relations with Poland, the Allies:
- noted that future commercial credits for goods other than foods
will be placed in abeyance;
- noted that the question of holding negotiations about the payments
due in 1982 on Poland's official debts should for the time being,
be held in suspense;
- affirmed their willingness to continue and increase humanitarian
aid to the Polish people for distribution and monitoring by non-governmental
organizations to ensure that it reaches the people for whom it is
- noted that those Allies which sell food to Poland will seek the
clearest possible Polish commitments with regard to the use of the
- In the current situation in Poland, economic relations with Poland
and the Soviet Union are bound to be affected. Soviet actions towards
Poland make it necessary for the Allies to examine the course of future
economic and commercial relations with the Soviet Union. Recognising
that each of the Allies will act in accordance with its own situation
and laws, they will examine measures which could involve arrangements
regarding imports from the Soviet Union, maritime agreements, air services
agreements, the size of Soviet commercial representation and the conditions
surrounding export credits (1).
- The Allies will maintain close consultations on the implementation
of their resolve not to undermine the effect of each other's measures.
- In addition to agreeing to consult on steps to be taken in the near
future, the Allies will also reflect on longer-term East-West economic
relations, particularly energy, agricultural commodities and other goods,
and the export of technology, in light of the changed situation and
of the need to protect their competitive position in the field of military
and technological capabilities (1).
- The Greek delegation has reserved its position on these paragraphs.