: Mr. D. U. Stikker.
Berlin - Cuba - Laos - Disarmament - Political Consultation -
Organization of nuclear forces assigned to SACEUR - Balance
between conventional and nuclear arms - Defence problems of Greece.
- The North Atlantic Council met in Ministerial Session in Ottawa
from 22nd to 24th May, '963.
- In their review of the international situation, Ministers
emphasized that in the world of today peace is indivisible. The
enduring character of the North Atlantic Alliance, founded on
the principles of interdependence and common defence,
constitues a basic guarantee for the maintenance of peace.
- The Council noted with regret that the Soviet Union had so
far shown little interest in seeking equitable solutions for
- With regard to Germany and Berlin, the threat has not dis-
appeared. Thanks to the firm attitude maintained by the West,
however, developments detrimental to the interests of Berlin
and the Alliance have been effectively discouraged. In this
connection, the Alliance abides by the terms of its Declaration
of 16th December, 1958 on Berlin.
- Outside the Treaty area too, tensions and difficulties
continue to exist which have a profound effect on the Alliance.
Soviet military personnel remain in Cuba; and the situation
there, with its repercussions in the region generally, still
gives cause for concern. Ministers also expressed their
disquiet over recent events in Laos, and stressed the
importance of sustained efforts to secure respect for the
- Ministers reaffirmed the importance, in building a peaceful
world, of progress towards general and complete disarmament by
stages and under effective international control. In this
connection, they noted that agreement in principle had been
reached between the United States and the USSR on measures to
improve communications designed to reduce the risk of war by
accident or miscalculation. They expressed the hope that the
Soviet Union's attitude would evolve sufficiently to permit
genuine progress to be made on key disarmament questions.
- The growing scope and complexity of the problems facing the
Alliance make it imperative for the Council to ensure that its
political consultations are as prompt and effective as they can
be made. Ministers noted the progress already achieved in this
direction and expressed their determination to secure still
- Ministers discussed NATO defence policy and approved the
steps taken to organize the nuclear forces assigned or to be
assigned to the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR).
These include notably:
- assignment of the United Kingdom V-bomber force and three
United States Polaris submarines to SACEUR;
- establishment by SACEUR on his staff of a Deputy respon-
sible to him for nuclear affairs;
- arrangements for broader participation by officers of NATO
member countries in nuclear activities in Allied Command Europe
and in co-ordination of operational planning at Omaha;
- fuller information to national authorities, both political
Ministers welcomed these measures to increase the effectiveness
of the nuclear capability at the disposal of the Alliance and
to improve co-ordination and control of its nuclear deterrent
- Ministers recognized the need to achieve a satisfactory
balance between nuclear and conventional arms. They directed
the Council in Permanent Session to undertake, with the advice
of the NATO military authorities, further studies of the
inter-related questions of strategy, force requirements and the
resources available to meet them.
- The Council noted progress made in the implementation of
earlier resolutions concerning the defence problems of Greece
and reaffirmed its interest in the effective application of
- The North Atlantic Alliance seeks peace. It deplores the
diversion into the military field of resources which might be
used for the betterment of mankind, and in particular for
increased efforts to raise living standards in developing
countries. But the Free World remains faced with a continuing
threat and the members of the North Atlantic Alliance have both
the right and the duty to protect their freedom and
- The next Ministerial Meeting will be held in Paris in