of the Alliance
of Economic, Social and Cultural Collaboration and Collective Self-Defence
signed at Brussels on March 17, 1948, as amended by the "Protocol modifying
and completing The Brussels Treaty"
Paris, October 23, 1954
The High Contracting Parties
- To reaffirm their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity
and worth of the human person and in the other ideals proclaimed in
the Charter of the United Nations;
- To fortify and preserve the principles of democracy, personal freedom
and political liberty, the constitutional traditions and the rule of
law, which are their common heritage;
- To strengthen, with these aims in view, the economic, social and
cultural ties by which they are already united;
- To cooperate loyally and to coordinate their efforts to create in
Western Europe a firm basis for European economic recovery;
- To afford assistance to each other, in accordance with the Charter
of the United Nations, in maintaining international peace and security
and in resisting any policy of aggression;
- To promote the unity and to encourage the progressive integration
- To associate progressively in the pursuance of these aims other States
inspired by the same ideals and animated by the like determination;
- Desiring for these purposes to conclude a treaty of collaboration
in economic, social and cultural matters and for collective self-defence;
Have agreed as follows:
Convinced of the close community of their interests and
of the necessity of uniting in order to promote the economic recovery
of Europe, the High Contracting Parties will so organise and cordinate
their economic activities as to produce the best possible results, by
the elimination of conflict in their economic policies, the coordination
of production and the development of commercial exchanges.
The cooperation provided for in the preceding paragraph, which will be
effected through the Council referred to in Article VIII, as well as through
other bodies, shall not involve any duplication of, or prejudice to, the
work of other economic organisations in which the High Contracting Parties
are or may be represented, but shall on the contrary assist the work of
The High Contracting Parties will make every effort in
common, both by direct consultation and in specialised agencies, to promote
the attainment of a higher standard of living by their peoples and to
develop on corresponding lines the social and other related services of
The High Contracting Parties will consult with the object of achieving
the earliest possible application of recommendations of immediate practical
interest, relating to social matters, adopted with their approval in the
They will endeavour to conclude as soon as possible conventions with each
other in the sphere of social security.
The High Contracting Parties will make every effort in
common to lead their peoples towards a better understanding of the principles
which form the basis of their common civilisation and to promote cultural
exchanges by conventions between themelves or by other means.
In the execution of the Treaty, the High Contracting Parties
and any Organs established by Them under the Treaty shall work in close
cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
Recognising the undesirability of duplicating the military staffs of NATO,
the Council and its Agency will rely on the appropriate military authorities
of NATO for information and advice on military matters.
If any of the High Contracting Parties should be the object
of an armed attack in Europe, the other High Contracting Parties will,
in accordance with the provisions of Article 51 of the Charter of the
United Nations, afford the Party so attacked all the military and other
aid and assistance in their power.
All measures taken as a result of the preceding Article
shall be immediately reported to the Security Council. They shall be terminated
as soon as the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to maintain
or restore international peace and security.
The present Treaty does not prejudice in any way the obligations of the
High Contracting Parties under the provisions of the Charter of the United
Nations. It shall not be interpreted as affecting in any way the authority
and responsibility of the Security Council under the Charter to take at
any time such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore
international peace and security.
The High Contracting Parties declare, each so far as he
is concerned, that none of the international engagements now in force
between him and any other of the High Contracting Parties or any third
State is in conflict with the provisions of the present Treaty.
None of the High Contracting Parties will conclude any alliance or participate
in any coalition directed against any other of the High Contracting Parties.
- For the purposes of strengthening peace and security and of promoting
unity and of encouraging the progressive integration of Europe and closer
cooperation between Them and with other European organisations, the
High Contracting Parties to the Brussels Treaty shall create a Council
to consider matters concerning the execution of this Treaty and of its
Protocols and their Annexes.
- This Council shall be known as the "Council of Western European
Union''; it shall be so organised as to be able to exercise its functions
continuously; it shall set up such subsidiary bodies as may be considered
necessary: in particular it shall establish immediately an Agency for
the Control of Armaments whose functions are defined in Protocol No.
- At the request of any of the High Contracting Parties the Council
shall be immediately convened in order to permit Them to consult with
regard to any situation which may constitute a threat to peace, in whatever
area this threat should arise, or a danger to economic stability.
- The Council shall decide by unanimous vote questions for which no
other voting procedure has been or may be agreed. In the cases provided
for in Protocols II, III and IV it will follow the various voting procedures,
unanimity, two-thirds majority, simple majority, laid down therein.
It will decide by simple majority questions submitted to it by the Agency
for the Control of Armaments.
The Council of Western European Union shall make an annual
report on its activities and in particular concerning the control of armaments
to an Assembly composed of representatives of the Brussels Treaty Powers
to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.
In pursuance of their determination to settle disputes
only by peaceful means, the High Contracting Parties will apply to disputes
between themselves the following provisions:
The High Contracting Parties will, while the present Treaty remains in
force, settle all disputes falling within the scope of Article 36, paragraph
2, of the Statute of the International Court of Justice, by referring
them to the Court, subject only, in the case of each of them, to any reservation
already made by that Party when accepting this clause for compulsory jurisdiction
to the extent that that Party may maintain the reservation.
In addition, the High Contracting Parties will submit to conciliation
all disputes outside the scope of Article 36, paragraph 2, of the Statute
of the International Court of Justice.
In the case of a mixed dispute involving both questions for which conciliation
is appropriate and other questions for which judicial settlement is appropriate,
any Party to the dispute shall have the right to insist that the judicial
settlement of the legal questions shall precede conciliation.
The preceding provisions of this Article in no way affect the application
of relevant provisions or agreements prescribing some other method of
The High Contracting Parties may, by agreement, invite
any other State to accede to the present Treaty on conditions to be agreed
between them and the State so invited.
Any State so invited may become a Party to the Treaty by depositing an
instrument of accession with the Belgian Government.
The Belgian Government will inform each of the High Contracting Parties
of the deposit of each instrument of accession.
The present Treaty shall be ratified and the instruments
of ratification shall be deposited as soon as possible with the Belgian
It shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of the last instrument
of ratification and shall thereafter remain in force for fifty years.
After the expiry of the period of fifty years, each of the High Contracting
Parties shall have the right to cease to be a party thereto provided that
he shall have previously given one year's notice of denunciation to the
The Belgian Government shall inform the Governments of the other High
Contracting Parties of the deposit of each instrument of ratification
and of each notice of denunciation.