Updated: 27 April 2000 NATO Basic Texts

Part II

Juridical texts
and formal

Documents signed by the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty under the terms of the Paris agreements

Paris, 22-23 October 1954

A series of conferences and ministerial meetings took place in the autumn of 1954, resulting in a set of formal agreements and undertakings by the participating countries relating to their mutual security. The documents issued at the conclusion of this period of intensive diplomatic and juridical debate are known collectively as the Paris Agreements.
The London Conference held between 28 September and 3 October 1954, also known as the Nine-Power(*) Conference, culminated in the Final Act of the Conference. However it was agreed that all the decisions of the Conference formed part of one general settlement of direct or indirect concern to all the North Atlantic Treaty Powers and would therefore be submitted to the North Atlantic Council for information or decision.
The decisions of the Conference were recorded in the following series of documents:
The Final Act itself, which consisted of the following six sections:

  1. A declaration by the Governments of France, the United Kingdom, and the United States on the termination of the Occupation regime in the Federal Republic of Germany;
  2. Agreements between the signatories relating to the Brussels Treaty and to their intention to invite the Federal Republic of Germany and Italy to accede to the Treaty;
  3. Assurances provided by the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada relating to the extension and modification of the Brussels Treaty;
  4. Agreement among NATO participants at the Conference on recommendations to be made to the North Atlantic Council regarding the future membership of the Federal Republic of Germany and on the reinforcement of the NATO machinery; and agreement that the North Atlantic Treaty should be regarded as of indefinite duration;
  5. A Declaration by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany relating to its obligations under the Charter of the United Nations; and a Declaration by the Governments of the United States, the United Kingdom and France relating to the UN Charter and to Germany;
  6. Agreement on future procedure with regard to the implementation of the decisions of the Conference.

Annexed to the Final Act and forming part of it were a Draft Declaration and Draft Protocol to the Brussels Treaty; statements made by the Secretary of State of the United States and by the Foreign Ministers of the United Kingdom and Canada; and a Conference Paper on "A German defence contribution and arrangements to apply to SACEUR's forces on the continent''. The Paris Conference took place from 20 to 22 October 1954 and was followed on 23 October by a Ministerial Meeting of the North Atlantic Council.
The Paris Agreements comprise an ensemble of documents, protocols and annexes signed by the respective Parties to the Agreements, as well as a number of declarations and exchanges of letters. The four documents signed by the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty are reproduced below. All other formal documents which, together with the above, constitute the Paris Agreements, can be accessed on the Internet via the NATO Integrated Data Service at www.nato.int (Related International Organisations and Institutions, Western European Union (WEU), Documents, Treaties).
The Brussels Treaty, as amended by the Paris Agreements and signed on 23 October 1954, is reproduced in Part I, together with the original Treaty signed on 17 March 1948.

(*) Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.


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