signed by the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty under the terms of
the Paris agreements
Paris, 22-23 October 1954
A series of conferences and ministerial meetings took place
in the autumn of 1954, resulting in a set of formal agreements and undertakings
by the participating countries relating to their mutual security. The
documents issued at the conclusion of this period of intensive diplomatic
and juridical debate are known collectively as the Paris Agreements.
The London Conference held between 28 September and 3 October 1954, also
known as the Nine-Power(*) Conference, culminated in the Final Act of
the Conference. However it was agreed that all the decisions of the Conference
formed part of one general settlement of direct or indirect concern to
all the North Atlantic Treaty Powers and would therefore be submitted
to the North Atlantic Council for information or decision.
The decisions of the Conference were recorded in the following series
The Final Act itself, which consisted of the following six sections:
- A declaration by the Governments of France, the United Kingdom, and
the United States on the termination of the Occupation regime in the
Federal Republic of Germany;
- Agreements between the signatories relating to the Brussels Treaty
and to their intention to invite the Federal Republic of Germany and
Italy to accede to the Treaty;
- Assurances provided by the United States, the United Kingdom, and
Canada relating to the extension and modification of the Brussels Treaty;
- Agreement among NATO participants at the Conference on recommendations
to be made to the North Atlantic Council regarding the future membership
of the Federal Republic of Germany and on the reinforcement of the NATO
machinery; and agreement that the North Atlantic Treaty should be regarded
as of indefinite duration;
- A Declaration by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany
relating to its obligations under the Charter of the United Nations;
and a Declaration by the Governments of the United States, the United
Kingdom and France relating to the UN Charter and to Germany;
- Agreement on future procedure with regard to the implementation of
the decisions of the Conference.
Annexed to the Final Act and forming part of it were a
Draft Declaration and Draft Protocol to the Brussels Treaty; statements
made by the Secretary of State of the United States and by the Foreign
Ministers of the United Kingdom and Canada; and a Conference Paper on
"A German defence contribution and arrangements to apply to SACEUR's
forces on the continent''. The Paris Conference took place from 20 to
22 October 1954 and was followed on 23 October by a Ministerial Meeting
of the North Atlantic Council.
The Paris Agreements comprise an ensemble of documents, protocols and
annexes signed by the respective Parties to the Agreements, as well as
a number of declarations and exchanges of letters. The four documents
signed by the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty are reproduced below.
All other formal documents which, together with the above, constitute
the Paris Agreements, can be accessed on the Internet via the NATO Integrated
Data Service at www.nato.int (Related International Organisations and
Institutions, Western European Union (WEU), Documents, Treaties).
The Brussels Treaty, as amended by the Paris Agreements and signed on
23 October 1954, is reproduced in Part I, together with the original Treaty
signed on 17 March 1948.
(*) Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany,
Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United
States of America.