1 July 2000
||NATO Basic Texts
Communiqu of the Ninth Session of the North Atlantic Council ("The Lisbon
Decisions" on the Reorganisation of the Alliance and the Appointment of
a Secretary General)
Lisbon, 25 February 1952
- The ninth session of the North Atlantic Council was held in Lisbon
from February 20 to February 25 1952, under the Chairmanship of the
Hon. Lester B. Pearson, Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs.
On February 18, the Kingdom of Greece and the Republic of Turkey acceded
to the Treaty, and representatives of their respective governments attended
throughout the session. In all, thirty-five Ministers of fourteen countries
took part in the discussions of the Council.
- The Council made further progress in dealing with current and long-range
problems of the Atlantic Community. The decisions taken and the agreements
reached by the Council are the practical result of projects initiated
at earlier sessions and reflect the continuing work of the Treaty agencies.
They represent the united efforts of member governments to safeguard
the peace, stability and well-being of the North Atlantic Community
through the strengthening of their collective defence.
- The Council took note of a report of the Paris Conference on the
European Defence Community and a report by the Occupying Powers on the
proposed contractual arrangements with the German Federal Republic.
The Council found that the principles underlying the Treaty to establish
the European Defence Community conformed to the interests of the Parties
to the North Atlantic Treaty. It also agreed on the principles which
should govern the relationship between the proposed Commu nity and the
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. The North Atlantic Council agreed
to propose to its members and to the European Defence Community reciprocal
security undertakings between the members of the two organisations.
Such undertakings would require ratification in accordance with the
constitutional processes of the states involved. All these decisions
are inspired by the conviction that the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
and the European Defence Community have a common objective, to strengthen
the defence of the Atlantic area, and that the development of the European
Defence Community should be carried forward in this spirit.
Therefore, the Council considered that the obligations and relationships
between the Communities should be based on the concept of two closely
related organisations, one working, so far as this objective is concerned,
within the framework of, and reinforcing the other.
- The Council took detailed and comprehensive action based on the recommendations
of the Temporary Council Committee. The decisions taken by the Council
provided for the earliest building up of balanced collective forces
to meet the require ments of external security within the capabilities
of member countries. Agreement was reached on the specific defensive
strength to be built this year, and on a definite programme of measures
to be taken this year to increase defensive strength in following years.
A number of important steps were agreed to be taken by the Treaty Organisation
and by member governments to accomplish this building-up with a more
efficient use of resources. Policies designed to maintain and strengthen
the economies and social stability of member countries were agreed and
recommended to governments.
- Agreement was reached on the financing of a further portion of the
infrastructure program, for airfields, communications and headquarters.
- The terms of reference of the Standing Group and of the Supreme Commander,
Allied Powers in Europe, were revised to reflect added responsibilities,
notably for equipment priorities and planning for the logistical support
of the military forces. The Council agreed that the ground and air forces
of Greece and Turkey assigned to NATO will operate under the overall
command of SACEUR through Commander-in-Chief, Southern Europe. The Naval
Forces of Greece and Turkey will remain for the present under their
national Chiefs of Staff, operating in close coordination with all other
naval forces in the Mediterra nean. The Standing Group was directed
to continue its study of command of naval forces in the Mediterranean
area and their coordination with land and air forces and to submit a
definitive report to the Council at its next meeting.
- The Council also took action to adapt the Treaty Organisa tion to
the needs arising from the development of its activities from the planning
to the operational stage. The North Atlantic Council, while continuing
to hold periodic Ministerial meetings, will henceforth function in permanent
session through the appointment of Permanent Representatives. The Council
decided to appoint a Secretary-General, who will head a unified international
Secretariat designed to assist the Council in the fulfillment of its
increasing responsibilities. All civilian activities of the Organisation
will be concentrated in the geographical area where are situated other
international agencies whose work is closely related to that of the
Treaty Organisation and with which close administrative connection is
essential to efficiency. These are presently situated in the vicinity
of Paris. When these changes become effective, the Council will assume
the functions hitherto performed by the Council Deputies, the Defence
Production Board, and the Financial and Economic Board.
- The Council adopted a report of the Atlantic Community Committee,
established at its Ottawa meeting. This report emphasised the importance
of economic cooperation, the expansion and liberalisation of trade,
and the possibility of working out closer cooperative arrangements with
other bodies, particularly the OEEC. In approving the analysis of the
problem of the movement of labor between member countries in the report
of the Atlantic Community Committee, the Council acknowledged the importance
of this problem and endorsed the resolution of the Temporary Council
Committee on this subject. It was agreed that the permanent North Atlantic
Treaty Organisation should keep this problem under continuous review,
and make recommendations for the elimination, by the most effective
utilisation of manpower resources, of general or specific manpower shortages
which hinder defence production. As cooperation in the field covered
by the Five Power Atlantic Community Committee is of direct and common
concern to each member of the Council, it was decided that the future
work in this sphere should be transferred to the Council.
- The Council issued a Declaration reaffirming the aims of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organisation as the promotion of peace through defensive
strength and enduring progress.