A NATO SUMMIT
Christopher, US Secretary of State
Last April, President Clinton described NATO in
this journal as "an alliance built and sustained not solely on the
power of arms, but by the power of ideas" (1).
The ideas that NATO cherishes - peace, freedom, democracy, and security
- are gaining strength throughout Europe and beyond, but they also
face new challenges. This changing environment requires a vital
and adaptable NATO that will continue to defend and promote our
common values and interests. In order to assess how to strengthen
the Alliance and hasten NATO's transformation to the post-Cold War
world, President Clinton has proposed a NATO Summit at the end of
this year or early next.
Shevardnadze, Chairman of the Parliament and Head of State of Georgia
When I visited NATO headquarters in Brussels and
addressed the North Atlantic Council on 23 June of this year, I
recalled the winter's day in 1989 when, as Soviet Foreign Minister,
I crossed the threshold of NATO headquarters for the first time.
The excitement that I felt then arose partly from this unprecedented
event and the emotional background to the meeting, but above all,
from the content of our discussions that day.
SECURITY AND THE NUCLEAR DILEMMA
Zlenko, Foreign Minister of Ukraine
After the dissolution of the USSR at the end of
1991, Ukraine was left with the world's third-largest strategic
nuclear force, and a substantial number of tactical nuclear weapons
on its territory. Ever since, the fate of this arsenal has been
a matter of considerable concern, both for Ukraine and for the rest
of the world.
FUTURE AS A PAN-EUROPEAN SECURITY INSTITUTION
Stuart, (Robert Blaine Weaver Professor of Political Science and Director
of International Studies,
Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA)
Nearly four years have passed since the collapse
of the Berlin Wall. It is ironic that one of the most commonly heard
predictions at that time was that NATO would soon follow the Wall
into the history books. Pundits joked that the acronym 'NATO' stood
for "No Alternative To Obsolescence". With the benefit of hindsight,
we can now see that predictions of NATO's imminent demise were anchored
in two flawed assumptions which were based upon an incorrect assessment
of the post-Cold War situation and a misunderstanding of the Alliance
WITH NACC PARTNERS
George, Director of NATO's Economics Directorate
Following the inauguration of the North Atlantic
Cooperation Council (NACC) in December 1991, NATO's economic functions
have been restructured to cover joint activities with the Cooperation
Partner countries. A major effort of the Economics Committee, with
support from the Economics Directorate, is now directed towards
assisting Partners in those security-related economic areas where
NATO enjoys special competence.
OF NATO INFRASTRUCTURE
NATO Assistant Secretary General for Infrastructure,
Logistics and Civil Emergency Planning
NATO's new strategy for the post-Cold War era has
enabled the overall size of the Allies' forces, and in many cases
their readiness, to be significantly reduced. It has also enabled
a major reduction in forces stationed overseas, especially in Germany.
As a result, the Alliance now has a smaller and rather different
requirement for military infrastructure in Allied Command Europe
(ACE), and host nations are facing problems arising from reduced
employment, interim maintenance responsibility for empty facilities
and local pockets of reduced economic activity.