Relations with Armenia
Armenia contributes to NATO-led operations and cooperates with Allies and other partner countries in many other areas. A key priority for NATO is to strengthen political dialogue and to provide focused advice and assistance in support of wide-ranging democratic, institutional and defence reform efforts in Armenia.
- Relations with NATO started in 1992, when Armenia joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council. This forum for dialogue was succeeded in 1997 by the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, which brings together all Allies and partner countries in the Euro-Atlantic area.
- Bilateral cooperation began when Armenia joined the Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme in 1994.
- Armenia’s programme of cooperation with NATO is set out in an Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP), which is jointly agreed every two years. The wide-ranging nature of the IPAP means that Armenia cooperates with NATO not only in the defence sphere, but also on political and security issues, democratic standards, rule of law, and the fight against corruption.
- Armenia tailors its participation in the PfP programme through an annual Individual Partnership Cooperation Programme, selecting those activities that will help achieve the goals it has set in the IPAP.
- Armenia is an active contributor to NATO-led operations in Afghanistan and Kosovo.
- NATO has no direct role in negotiations aimed at resolving the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which are being conducted in the framework of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group. However, NATO encourages all sides to continue their efforts aimed at a peaceful resolution of the conflict.
Key areas of cooperation
Armenia’s cooperation with NATO is mutually beneficial and includes:
Building capabilities and interoperability
- Since 2002, Armenia has participated in the PfP Planning and Review Process (PARP), which helps develop the ability of Armenia’s forces to work with NATO forces on operations.
- A key priority for Armenia is to ensure democratic control of the armed forces, which is being reinforced by its participation in the Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution Building (PAP-DIB). NATO has also supported the introduction of civilian personnel to the Armenian Ministry of Defence.
- In 2008, Armenia joined NATO’s Defence Education Enhancement Programme (DEEP) to help reform its professional military education institutions. DEEP contributed to the drafting and editing of the Armenian Military Education Concept, the development of several specialised training courses, and the creation of the National Defence Research University in Yerevan.
- In 2013, the Armenian Ministry of Defence joined NATO’s Building Integrity (BI) programme. Once Armenia completes the NATO Self-Assessment and Peer Review Process (which started in 2014), the country will benefit from NATO BI tailored support to enhance good governance practices and to reduce corruption risks in the defence sector.
- NATO and individual Allies have supported Armenia’s efforts to develop interoperability with NATO forces of the Armenian Peacekeeping Battalion and enable it to become a brigade with associated combat support and combat service support units.
- Since 2014, under the Partnership Interoperability Initiative, Armenia has participated in the Interoperability Platform that brings Allies together with 24 selected partners that are active contributors to NATO’s operations.
Support for NATO-led operations and missions
- Armenia has contributed troops to NATO’s Kosovo Force (KFOR) since 2004.
- From 2009, the country also supported the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan and, following the completion of ISAF’s mission, is currently supporting the NATO-led efforts to train, advise and assist Afghan security forces, known as the Resolute Support Mission (RSM).
- Armenia works with NATO’s Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC) to improve its emergency preparedness and response capabilities, to deal with disasters and asymmetric threats, to improve contingency planning, and to contribute to international disaster relief operations. NATO and Armenia have also cooperated on the establishment of the Crisis Management National Centre in Yerevan.
- Since 1993, Armenia has engaged with the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme. Key areas for cooperation have included defence against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear agents (CBRN), and disaster forecast and prevention.
- Armenia organises an annual NATO Week to raise public awareness of NATO and Armenia’s cooperation with the Alliance. A NATO Information Centre was officially opened in Yerevan in 2007 with the support of the Armenian government and NATO.