Financial and economic data relating to NATO Defence
Defence expenditures of NATO countries (1970-1990)
The figures given in table 1 represent payments actually made or to be made during the course of the fiscal year. They are based on the NATO definition of defence expenditures. In view of the differences between this and national definitions, the figures shown may diverge considerably from those which are quoted by national authorities or given in national budgets. For countries providing military assistance, this is included in the expenditures figures. For countries receiving assistance, figures do not include the value of items received. Expenditures for research and development are included in equipment expenditures and pensions paid to retirees in personnel expenditures.
France and Spain are members of the Alliance without belonging to the integrated military structure; Spain, however, participates in the collective force planning. The defence data relating to France are indicative only.
For Germany, no data are available for 1990 because budgetary and other consequences of German unification on 3rd October are not yet fully reflected in official statistics.
Iceland has no armed forces.
Table 1 : total defence expenditures
Table 2 : gross domestic product (GDP) and defence expenditure annual volume change
Table 3 : defence expenditures as % of GDP
Table 4 : GDP and defence expenditures per capita
Table 5 : distribution of defence expenditures by category
Table 6 : armed forces
To suppress any ambiguity the fiscal year has been designated by the year which includes the highest number of months: e.g. 1989 represents the fiscal year 1989/1990 for Canada and U.K. and the fiscal year 1988/1989 for U.S.
Because of rounding, the total figures may differ from the sum of their components.
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