Relations with Pakistan
NATO and Pakistan are engaged in political dialogue and practical cooperation, in particular on Afghanistan, where there is a common interest in promoting stability in the region and in defeating extremism.
- NATO and Pakistan started strengthening dialogue and cooperation following NATO assistance to the country in the wake of a massive earthquake in 2005.
- Pakistan is one of a range of countries beyond the Euro-Atlantic area – often referred to as “partners across the globe” – with which NATO is developing relations.
- NATO has opened selected training and education courses to Pakistani officers.
- High-level political exchanges have taken place over the years, including between past NATO Secretary Generals and Presidents of Pakistan, and at the senior military leadership level.
Key areas of cooperation
Pakistan’s cooperation with NATO is mutually beneficial and includes:
Support for NATO-led operations and missions
- Pakistan has supported the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which completed its mission in Afghanistan in 2014, by allowing for the transit of ISAF supplies through Pakistan.
- Pakistan has supported the Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan by opening ground and air lines of communication to resupply the mission.
- Pakistan participates in a counter-narcotics training project that NATO has been developing with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime since early 2016. The project provides a unique, combined approach to countering drugs-trafficking by connecting the target countries of the drugs trade in Europe and North America with the source and transit countries.
- Since 2009, NATO has developed an annual package of Partnership Cooperation Menu (PCM) activities, listing a series of education and training opportunities open to Pakistan’s Ministry of Defence officials.
- Civil preparedness and disaster response capabilities have been a key area of cooperation. Pakistan requested international assistance three times through the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC). In total, 56 nations, NGOs and international organisations provided support to Pakistan in response to the devastating earthquake in October 2005, and severe flooding in 2010 and 2011. Pakistan itself offered assistance through the EADRCC to Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The country also participated in the EADRCC exercises hosted by Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2017 and Serbia in 2018.
- Participation in NATO’s Science for Peace and Security Programme has focused on developing effective public safety communication in the context of terrorist attacks, and on exploring the challenges and potential of a partnership approach to regional security, including cooperation with other international actors.